Unit 9 Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Unit 9 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 9 Deck (114):
1

achromophilic

resisting color (stain)

2

aerobic

requiring air to live

3

aerocele

herniation containing air

4

aerophobia

abnormal fear of air

5

aerotherapy

treatment using air

6

amenorrhea

without menstruation

7

anaerobic

able to live without air

8

anterolateral

front and side

9

anteromedial

front and middle

10

anteroposterior

from front to back

11

anterosuperior

front and top

12

arteriostasis

control of flow through arteries

13

axillary

underarm, arm pit

14

bioethics

study of what is good and bad for living things

15

biology

study of living things

16

blastoderm

immature skin cell

17

caudad

toward the tail/ sacrum

18

cephalad

toward the head

19

cephalocaudal

from head to toe

20

chondrodysplasia

difficult/painful development of cartilage

21

chromogenesis

formation of color

22

chromolysis

destruction of color

23

chromometer

measuring color

24

chromophilic

attracting color (stain)

25

coronal

pertaining to the crown or encircling

26

coronary

pertaining to the crown or encircling (around the heart)

27

diagnosis

identifying a disease

28

dialysis

separating substances in solution

29

diarrhea

abnromally loose watery bowel movement

30

distal

away from point of origin

31

dorsal

back/posterior

32

dorsocephalad

toward the back of the head

33

dysentery

painful condition of the small instestine

34

dysmenorrhea

difficult or painful menstruation

35

dyspepsia

difficult digestion

36

dyspnea

difficulty breathing

37

dystocia

difficulty in labor

38

ectocytic

outisde the cell

39

ectoderm

outer embryonic layer

40

ectogenous

formed outside the body

41

ectopic

outside of the normal location

42

ectoplasm

outer membrane of the cell

43

endocardium

inner membrane layer of the heart

44

endochondral

within the cartilage

45

endocolitis

inflammation of th elining of the colon

46

endocystic

inside the urinary bladder

47

endoderm

inner embryonic layer

48

endoenteritis

inflammation of the lining of the small intestine

49

endogenous

made by one's own body

50

endoscopy

process of using a scope to look into the body

51

eugenics

choosing good genetic traits to propagate

52

eupepsia

good digestion

53

eupnea

easy breathing

54

euthanasia

easy death

55

eutocia

easy labor

56

hemostasis

control blood flow

57

hyperplasia

overdevelopment (too many cells)

58

hypoplasia

underdevelopment (too few cells)

59

inferior

below

60

lateral

side

61

lithotripsy

surgical crushing of a stone

62

lymphostasis

control or stoppage of lymph flow

63

medial

middle

64

menopause

cessation of menstruation

65

menorrhagia

flow during menstruation

66

menses

menstruation

67

mesoderm

middle germ layer

68

midaxillary

middle of the armpit

69

midsagittal

the plane dividing the body into equal right and left halves

70

neurotripsy

surgical crushing of a nerve

71

omphalectomy

excision of the umbilicus

72

omphalic

pertaining to the umbilicus

73

omphalitis

inflammation of the umbilicus

74

omphalocele

umbilical herniation

75

omphalorrhagia

discharge from the umbilicus

76

osteochondrodysplasia

painful development of the bone and cartilage

77

para-appendicitis

inflammation near the appendix

78

paracentral

pertaining to near the center

79

paracolpitis

inflammation near the vagina

80

paracystitis

inflammation near the urinary bladder

81

parahepatitis

inflammation near the liver

82

paranephritis

inflammation near the kidney

83

parietal

pertaining to the wall

84

peritoneum

membrane of the abdomen

85

phlebostasis

control of flow through a vein

86

pleura

membrane of the lungs

87

posteroanterior

from back to front

88

posteroexternal

back and outside

89

posterointernal

back and inside

90

posterolateral

back and side

91

procephalic

in front of the head

92

prognosis

predicting the outcome of a disease

93

prognostic

pertaining to predicting the outcome of a disease

94

proximal

near the point of origin

95

pseudocyesis

false pregnancy

96

pseudocyst

false cyst

97

pseudoedema

false swelling

98

pseudoesthesia

false sensation

99

retrocolic

behind the large intestine

100

retroflexion

bending/flexing backward

101

retroperitoneum

behind the peritoneum

102

retroperitonitis

inflammation of the area behind the peritoneum

103

retrosternal

behind the sternum

104

retroversion

twisting/turning backward

105

sagittal

vertical plane or slice, divides into left and right

106

signs

objective observable information

107

superior

above

108

symptoms

subjective self-reported information

109

syphilophobia

abnormal fear of syphilis

110

syphilopsychosis

severe mental condition caused by untreated syphilis

111

syphilotherapy

treatment for syphilis

112

ventral

front

113

viscera

organs

114

visceropleura

membrane surrounding and attached to the lung