Unit 6 Digestive System Flashcards Preview

Medical Terminology > Unit 6 Digestive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 6 Digestive System Deck (44):
1

laparotomy

incision through the abdomen

2

leukoplakia buccalis

white, thick patches on the mucosa of cheeks

3

Ludwig's angina

bacterial infection of the mouth

4

McBurney's point

a point of special tenderness in appendicitis

5

paralytic ileus

failure of appropriate forward movement of bowel contents

6

peptic ulcer

lesion in upper digestive tract - stomach or first part of small intestine

7

peristalsis

movement/contraction of intestines to move content

8

peritonitis

inflammation of membrane that lines the abdomen

9

plication

operation that tucks a structure to shorten it

10

polyp

growth/mass protruding from mucous membrane

11

pylorectomy

excision of pylorus - opening into the first part of small intestine

12

pyloric stenosis

narrowing of passage between the stomach and first part of small intestine

13

pyloroplasty

surgical repair of opening between stomach and first part of small intestine

14

pylorospasm

spasm of the opening between the stomach and first part of the small intestine

15

pyrosis

heartburn

16

rebound tenderness

pain is felt on the release of pressure

17

retrocecal

behind the cecum - first part of the large intestine

18

salivary glands

exocrine gland that secrets saliva

19

stomatitis

inflammation of the mouth

20

stool

feces

21

thrush

yeast infection of the mouth

22

vagotomy

surgical incision of vagus nerve to reduce acid secretion in stomach

23

Vincent's angina

progressive necrosis of intraoral tissues

24

volvulus

loop of intestine causing obstruction with or without strangulation

25

ascites

abnormal accumulation of fluid in abdomen

26

cholangiogram

radiographic image of bile ducts

27

cholangitis

inflammation of bile ducts

28

cholangiolitis

inflammation of small bile radicles

29

cholecystectomy

excision of gallbladder

30

cholecystitis

inflammation of gallbladder

31

cholecystostomy

create new opening in gallbladder

32

cholelithiasis

gallstones

33

cirrhosis

liver disease

34

esophagus

food tube

35

extrahepatic

outside of the liver

36

hepatits

inflammation of the liver

37

icterus

jaundice

38

jaundice

yellow staining

39

Laennec's cirrhosis

liver disease from chronic alcholism

40

pancreatitis

inflammation of the pancreas

41

Roux-en-y procedure

treatment for morbid obesity

42

splenorenal shunt

...

43

Whipple disease

rare disease

44

xanthopsia

optic condition in which objects are seen yellow