Unit 1.4 Introduction to organic chemistry Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 1.4 Introduction to organic chemistry Deck (56)
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1

any carbon-containing liquid, solid or gas especially important for life

organic molecules

2

a molecule that's built around a carbon backbone

organic molecule

3

any molecule containing carbon except for carbon dioxide

organic molecule

4

study of carbon compounds

organic chemistry

5

has unique properties that allow it to form covalent bonds to as many as four different atoms

carbon

6

has six electrons, with 2 pairs in the first shell and 4 in the outer shell

carbon

7

in order to fill its valence shell, it needs to share four extra electrons

carbon

8

serves as the basic structural component or backbone of a macromolecule

carbon

9

individual _______ atoms have an incomplete outermost election shell

carbon

10

can form up to 4 covalent bonds with other atoms to satisfy the octet rule

carbon atoms

11

rule that aims are most stable when they hold 8 electrons in their outmost shell

octet rule

12

singly-bondedit is tetrahedral

carbon

13

angles between each bond are roughly 109.5 degrees

carbon

14

single bonds can generally rotate freely

carbon

15

what are carbon molecules linked by

a double bond

16

carbon molecules are flat true or false

true

17

Carbon atoms involved in what type of bond are able to rotate

Single bond

18

atoms that are commonly found in organic molecules are

hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, and carbon

19

the outermost shell of the atom

valance shell

20

how many electron in the valence shell of hydrogen

valence = 1

21

how many electrons in the valence shell of oxygen

valence = 2

22

how many electrons in the valence shell of nitrogen

valence = 3

23

how many electron in the valence shell of carbon

valence = 4

24

H

hydrogen

25

O

oxygen

26

N

nitrogen

27

C

carbon

28

CH4

methane

29

organic molecules consisting entirely of carbon and hydrogen

hydrocarbons

30

methane and propane are examples of

hydrocarbons