Unit 2.1 Cell structure and function Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 2.1 Cell structure and function Deck (152)
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1

basic unit of life

cell

2

smallest unit of a living thing

cell

3

made of one cell or many cells

living things/ organisms

4

less than one cell

not alive

5

one or ore cells

alive

6

living things

organisms

7

basic building block of all organisms

cells

8

The nucleus stores_______in a gel-like substance called

chromatic (DNA plus proteins), nucleoplasm

9

a condensed region of chromatin where ribosome synthesis occurs

the nucleolus

10

the boundary near the nucleus

nuclear envelope

11

the nucleus consist of

two phospholipid bilayer: an outer membrane and inner membrane

12

continuous with the endoplasmic reticulum

the nuclear membrane

13

allows substance to enter and exit the nucleus

nuclear pores

14

border - phospholipid bilayer

plasma membrane

15

fluid on the inside of the plasma membrane

cytoplasm

16

used to store genetic information

DNA

17

synthesize proteins

ribsomes

18

mobile/tome, smaller, no membrane-bound compartments

prokaryotic

19

mansion, larger, membrane-bound compartment, nucleus

eukaryotic

20

cells share these four components

plasma membrane, cytoplasm, DNA, and ribosomes

21

used by bacteria to attach to a host cell

fimbriae

22

used for locomotion

flagella

23

name the three domain system

bacteria, archaea, eukarya

24

domain that prokaryotic is in

bacteria and archea

25

domain that eukaroytic is in

eukaryotic

26

lands. green algae, forams, ciliates, diatoms belong in what domain

eukarya

27

suffolobus, thermophilles,halophiles belong in what domain

archaea

28

green nonsulfur bacteria, mitochondrion, spirchetes, clamydia belong in what domain

bacteria

29

Name the number of cells, cell walls, gets energy by, some other thing about Kingdom Protisa

The Kingdom Protista has only one cell, may or may not have cell wall, some get energy from photosynthesis, some break sown organic molecules resp or fermentation and some do both, they have bad grouping based on relationship

30

In a Protistain cell you will find

flagella, nucleus, nucleolus, vacuole, chloroplast, cell wall