Unit 2 Flashcards Preview

BEHP 5013 April > Unit 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 2 Deck (33):
1

Process that consist of reinforcement and extinction that may result in either differentiation or discrimination

Differential reinforcement

2

Two operations of differential reinforcement

Reinforcement
extinction

3

Results with differential reinforcement consist of reinforcing one response and placing a second response on extinction

Differentiation

4

Results with differential reinforcement consist of reinforcing a response when certain stimuli are present and not reinforcing the same response from the stimuli are not present

Discrimination

5

Both the SD and S Delta stimulus conditions are presented to the learner the same time

Simultaneous discrimination training

6

Only one antecedent SD or S Delta is presented to the learner in a given trial

Successive discrimination training

7

Reinforce a response in the presence of a stimulus but not in the absence of that stimulus

Discrimination training

8

A situation in which the frequency latency duration or amplitude of a behavior is altered by the presence or absence of an antecedent stimulus

Stimulus control

9

Discrimination training results in

Stimulus control

10

Model

An antecedent stimulus That evokes the imitated behavior

11

Prearranged antecedent stimuli that facilitate new skills

Planned models

12

All antecedent stimuli with the capacity to evoke imitation

Unplanned models

13

Teaching the learner to imitate or do exactly what the person providing the model is doing

Imitation training

14

Types of imitation

Find motor
gross motor
object imitation

15

An antecedent manipulation in which 2-5 easy/known tasks are presented in a quick succession immediately prior to a difficult high effort task or response that is relatively infrequent

High probability request sequence

16

Following directions or complying with requests of others

Listener responding

17

The parts of items and the descriptions of items

Feature

18

The actions that typically go with the items or what one does with the items and classes

Function

19

The group the item belongs

Class

20

Procedure in which the prompt is provided right away

Errorless teaching

21

Different reinforcers are provided in the discrimination task each of which is correlated with a given stimulus

Say hi- hi- gummy bear
How old- 5- potato chips

Differential outcome procedure

22

Differential outcomes can be effective in

Difficult discrimination tasks

23

Antecedents are presented teacher waits for the learner to respond
learner response and teacher provides consequence contingent on the learners response

Discrete trial teaching DTT

24

An antecedent stimulus that sets the occasion for the learners response

a response by the learner

a teacher provided consequence for the learners response

Components of a discrete trial

25

Programming mastered items or task in between acquisition trials during discrete trial instruction

Task interspersal

26

One or more cues occur or motivating operations are captured in a naturally occurring situation. Naturally occurring consequences are delivered contingent on learners response

Incidental teaching

27

Taking advantage of a teaching situation that arises without warning in the natural setting

Capturing

28

Setting up a prearranged teaching opportunity

Contriving

29

DTT often results in

Rapid rate of acquisition

30

IT/NET Often results in

Stimulus generalization and induction

31

DOE produced an

Increased rate of acquisition

32

Mostly contrived and artificial trials
Useful for learners who do not demo attending skills, cooperate with prompts, exhibit problems behaviors
Short trial intervals

DTT
Discrete trial training

33

Are mostly captured and natural
Naturally occurring activities
Learner initiated
Useful with children who have attending skills and who cooperate with prompts

IT
Incidental teaching