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Flashcards in unit 8 Deck (72)
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1

Phylogenic provenance

The effect of a stimulus on a specific response
may be innate, due to the evolutionary history of
that species

2

Ontogenic provenance

The effect of the stimulus on a specific response
may be learned, due to the experiential history of
the individual organism in the environment

3

A rule specifies a contingency
It may evoke or abate behavior without the
behavior having to directly experience the
contingency

Rule-governance

4

A sub-discipline of ABA, which is the application
of the science of behavior
Guided by the single theory of human behavior
and has historically emphasized identification
and modification of the environmental variables
that affect directly observable or verifiable
employee performance

Organizational behavior management (OBM)

5

Performance management (PM)
Behavior systems analysis (BSA)
Behavior-based safety (BBS)
Pay for performance

Components of OBM

6

The management of an individual employee or a
group of employees through the application of
behavior principles

Performance management

7

Goal setting
Feedback
Job aids
Token systems
Lottery systems

Interventions used in PM

8

Anything a living organism does

Behavior

9

What is left after a behavior

Result

10

Implementing behavior plans, collecting data,
implementing emergency procedures

Clinical tasks

11

Antecedents
Equipment and processes
Knowledge and skills
Consequences

Variables affecting performance

12

Procedural integrity (IV integrity)
Monitoring effectiveness of behavior plan (DV
integrity)

Performance monitoring

13

Monitoring is hidden
Staff don’t know why they are being monitored
Monitoring is done impolitely
Results of monitoring are not shared

Problems with conducting monitoring

14

Used primarily for punishment, typically delayed
punishment

Incorrect use of monitoring data

15

Reinforcement and corrective feedback for the
staff member
Minimum of 4:1 instances of reinforcement to
corrective feedback
Reinforcement every chance

What to do with data

16

Problematic definitions
Unclear roles
Insufficient materials
Insufficient training
Complexity of intervention
Failure to generalize
Competing contingencies
Staff dissatisfaction

Why data collection doesn’t sustain

17

Observation
Permanent product
Self-report

Types of integrity

18

Pinpoint- Specify what it is the staff are supposed
to be doing
Develop a tool that contains each component
The observer collects data as the staff
implements a behavior plan
Determine if the staff meets a specified level of
criteria
Often the target behavior can be collected
simultaneously

Steps to effective performance monitoring

19

Observable
Measurable
Reliable

Pinpoints

20

Create a data sheet
Designate space for identifying information
List the key components for successful
implementation and make room to note
Have a space to take notes

Develop a tool

21

80% agreement for most plans
At least once per week

How often to monitor

22

Increase monitoring if

Data is being collected on a vital skill/dangerous
problem behavior
New plan
Problems are noticed

23

When collecting data on deceleration

Arrange observations when problem behavior is
most likely
More worried about low agreement
Integrity is more important in some procedures
as opposed to others

24

A change in behavior when being observed

Reactivity

25

Reducing reactivity

Monitor frequently
Self-monitoring
Monitoring results
Covert monitoring
Using reactivity to your advantage

26

Identifying pinpoints

Identify the biggest opportunity
Select a few behaviors that will have the greatest
impact
Don’t overwhelm with pinpoints

27

Operational definitions

Observable
Measurable
Reliable
Two or more people should be able to agree on
whether or not the targets are occurring

28

Measurement dimensions

Quantity
Quality
Cost
Timeliness

29

Quantity

How much of something

30

Quality

How well something is done