Unit 2 - part 3 Flashcards Preview

Pathophysiology > Unit 2 - part 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 2 - part 3 Deck (46)
Loading flashcards...
1

What is a keratin plaque which is a reaction to the sun?

Actinic Keratosis

2

Actinic Keratosis is often found in what areas of the head/neck?

bald guys heads
ala-traga zone

3

What condition is seen RARELY in the mouth and you NEED to biopsy it!

Pigmented Cellular Nevus

4

Are Basal Cell Carcinomas found in the oral cavity?

NO

5

Basal Cell Carcinomas are caused by the _____are _____ destructive and can go _____

sun
locally
deep

6

What condition, mostly affecting women, exhibits limited oral cavity opening with "botox" looking skin?

Scleroderma

7

Scleroderma is an ______ disease due to a over production of ______

autoimmune
collagen

8

What autoimmune disease is seen clinically as a skin rash with butterfly wing shape on the face?

Lupus Erythematosus

9

AIDS is caused by a ____virus which is transmitted _____?

retrovirus (HIV-1)
sexually (congenitally)

10

AIDS infects the _____ lymphocytes?

CD4 T-helper

11

What is the pathognomonic for AIDS?

Kaposi's Sarcoma

12

What are 2 benign epithelial neoplasms?

Papilloma
Adenoma

13

Papillomas are attached how?

Thin stalk (pedunculated)

14

Papillomas are "___________" shape and have a ________ surface?

Cauliflower
Rough

15

What is a epithelial tumor of glandular origin?

Adenoma

16

What being in connective tissue tumor do we see OFTEN in clinic?

Fibroma

17

A fibroma has a _______ surface and attached by a _______ base?

Smooth
Broad (sessile )

18

What is the etiology of a fibroma?

Overgrowth of tissue due to chronic irritation

19

A fibroma is most often located?

Buccal mucosa (linea alba)
and tongue

20

What is an example of a connective tissue hyperplasia or hypertrophy?

Epulis fissuratum

21

What causes a lipoma?

Fat cells becoming suspended in a connective tissue sac

22

What are the 3 names for a tumor of a neuron Schwann cell?

Schwannoma
Neurilemoma
Neurofibromas

23

A port wine stain is an example of a?

Hemangioma

24

What is a condition similar to a hemangioma but involves the lymph vessels?

Lymphangioma

25

What is the term for a malignant oral cancer?

Neoplasticism disease

26

If the oral cancer gets PAST the basement membrane it is termed a _______cancer?

Squamous cell carcinoma

27

What are the 2 major risk factors in the development of oral cancer?

Tobacco and alcohol use

28

If a oral cancer MEETS but DOESN'T go through the basement membrane it is called a ______ cancer?

Carcinoma in Situ

29

If you turn on an oncogene you therefore reduce cell ----- and increase cell ------ and ----- of the cells?

Apoptosis (cell death)
Production
Motility (metastasis)

30

What is the most common site for oral cancer?

Posterior 1/3 sides of tongue