Urinary: Symptomatic, Diagnostic, and Operative Terms Flashcards Preview

Med Terms > Urinary: Symptomatic, Diagnostic, and Operative Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Urinary: Symptomatic, Diagnostic, and Operative Terms Deck (49):
1

Presence of albumin in the urine; occurs in renal disease or in normal urine after heavy exercise

Albuminuria

2

Absence of urine formation

Anuria

3

Presence of bacteria in the urine

Bacteriuria

4

Painful urination

Dysuria

5

To void urine; involuntary discharge of urine, most often refers to a lack of bladder control

Enuresis

6

Bed wetting during sleep

Nocturnal Enuresis

7

Presence of blood in the urine

Hematuria

8

Glucose in the urine

Glucosuria

9

Involuntary discharge of urine or feces

Incontinence

10

Involuntary discharge of urine at the time of cough, sneeze, and or exercise

Stress urinary incontinence (SUI)

11

Presence of ketone bodies in the urine

Ketonuria

12

acetone, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, and acetoacetic acid are products of metabolism that appear in the urine as a result of an abnormal utilization of carbohydrates; seen in uncontrolled diabetes and starvation

Ketone Bodies/Ketone Compounds

13

Urination at nigh

Nocturia

14

Scanty production of urine

Oliguria

15

Condition of excessive urination

Polyuria

16

Presence of white cells in the urine, usually indication infection

Pyuria

17

Retention of urine owing to the ability to void (urinate) naturally because of spasm, or obstruction

Urinary retention

18

Inherited condition of multiple cysts that gradually form in the kidney, causing destruction of normal tissue that leads to renal failure - diagnosed in adults presenting with hypertension, kidney enlargement, and recurrent urinary tract infections

Adult Polycystic Kidney Disease

19

Form of nephritis involving the glomerulus

Glomerulonephritis

20

dilation and pooling of urine in the renal pelvis and calyces of one or both kidneys caused by an obstruction in the outflow of urine

Hydronephrosis

21

Inflammation of the kidney

Nephritis

22

Inflammation of the renal pelvis

Pyelonephritis

23

Degenerative disease of the renal tubules

Nephrosis

24

presence of renal stone or stones caused by mineral buildup in the kidneys - most commonly as a result of hyperuricuria (excessive amount of calcium in the urine)

Nephrolithiasis

25

Inflammation of the bladder

Cystitis

26

Inflammation of the urethra

Urethritis

27

Inflammation of the urethra and bladder

Urethrocystitis

28

Narrowed condition of the urethra

Urethral stenosis

29

invasion of pathogenic organisms (commonly bacteria) in the structures of the urinary tract, especially the urethra and bladder; symptoms include dysuria, urinary frequency, and malaise

Urinary Tract Infection

30

Excess of urea and other nitrogenous waste in the blood as a result of kidney failure

Uremia/Azotemia

31

use of specialized endoscopes within the urinary tract to perform various surgical procedures, such as resection of a tumor, repair of an obstruction, stone retrieval, or placement of a stent

Urologic Endoscopic Surgery

32

Urologic endoscope sent through the uretra to resect (cut and remove) lesions of the bladder, urethra, or prostate

Resectoscope

33

method of destroying stones within the urinary tract using electrical energy discharges transmitted to a probe within a flexible endoscope - most commonly used to pulverize bladder stones

Intracorporeal Lithotripsy

34

Incision into the kidney

Nephrotomy

35

Suture of an injured kidney

Nephrorrhaphy

36

Incision into the kidney for the removal of stones

Nephrolithotomy

37

Excision of a kidney

Nephrectomy

38

Surgical reconstruction of the renal pelvis

Pyeloplasty

39

The use of a device to hold open vessels or tubes

Stent replacement

40

Transfer of a kidney from the body of one person (donor) to another (recipient)

Kidney/Renal transplantation

41

creation of a temporary or permanent diversion of the urinary tract to provide a new passage through which urine exits the body - used to treat defects or disease such as bladder cancer

Urinary diversion

42

removal of a portion of the ileum to use as a conduit to which the ureters are attached at one end; the other end is brought through an opening (stoma) created in the abdomen - urine drains continually into an external appliance (bag)

Noncontinent Ileal Conduit (Urinary diversion)

43

internal reservoir (pouch) constructed from a segment of intestine that diverts urine through an opening (stoma) that is brought through the abdominal wall; a valve is created internally to prevent leakage, and the patient empties the pouch by catheterization

Continent Urostomy

44

bladder constructed from portions of intestine connected to the urethra, allowing "natural" voiding

Orthotopic Bladder

45

UTI

Urinary tract infection

46

IVP

Intravenous Pyelogram

47

KUB

kidney, ureter, bladder

48

VCUG

voiding cystourethrogram

49

UA

Urinalysis