Ear: Symptomatic, Diagnostic, and Operative Terms Flashcards Preview

Med Terms > Ear: Symptomatic, Diagnostic, and Operative Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ear: Symptomatic, Diagnostic, and Operative Terms Deck (49):
1

earache

otalgia

2

earache

otodynia

3

bleeding from the ear

otorrhagia

4

purulent drainage from the ear

otorrhea

5

a jingling; ringing or buzzing in the ear

tinnitus

6

a turning round; dizziness

vertigo

7

inflammation of the external auditory meatus

otitis externa

8

excessive buildup of wax in the ear

cerumen impaction

9

inflammation of the eardrum

myringitis

10

inflammation of the eardrum

tympanitis

11

inflammation of the middle ear

otitis media

12

inflammation of the middle ear from changes in atmospheric pressure; often occurs in frequent air travel

aerotitis media

13

hardening of the bony tissue in the ear

otosclerosis

14

inflammation of the mastoid process; most commonly seen as a result of the spread of inflammation and infection in otitis media

mastoiditis

15

blockage of the eustachian tube usually as a result of infection, as in otitis media

eustachian obstruction

16

benign tumor on the auditory nerve that causes vertigo, tinnitus, and hearing loss

acoustic neuroma

17

condition of absence or malformation of inner ear structures during embryonic development, resulting in hearing loss

aplasia

18

inflammation of the labyrinth

labyrinthitis

19

disorder of the inner ear due to an excessive buildup of endolymphatic fluid causing episodes of vertigo, tinnitus, nausea, vomiting, and hearing loss; one or both ears can be affected, and attacks vary in frequency and intensity

Meniere disease

20

general term for partial or complete hearing loss

deafness

21

hearing impairment caused by interference with sound or vibratory energy in the external canal, middle ear, or ossicles

conductive hearing loss

22

hearing impairment caused by lesions or dysfunction of the cochlea or auditory nerve

sensorineural hearing loss

23

combination of sensorineural and conductive hearing loss

mixed hearing loss

24

hearing impairment in old age

presbyacusis

25

hearing impairment in old age

presbycusis

26

process of measuring hearing

audiometry

27

treatment to measure hearing

audiometer

28

record of hearing measurement

audiogram

29

person who specializes in the study of hearing impairments

audiologist

30

physical assessment of hearing; useful in differentiating between conductive and sensorineural hearing loss

auditory acuity testing

31

two-pronged, fork-like instrument that vibrates when struck: used to test for hearing, especially bone conduction

tuning fork

32

electrodiagnostic testing using computerized equipment to measure involuntary responses to sound within the auditory nervous system- commonly used to assess hearing in newborns

brainstem auditory evoked potentials (BAEP)

33

use of an otoscope to examine the external auditory meatus and tympanic membrane

otoscopy

34

otoscopic observation of the tympanic membrane as air is released into the external auditory meatus; immobility indicates the presence of middle ear effusion occurs as a result of otitis media

pneumatic otoscopy

35

measurement of the compliance and mobility of the tympanic membrane and ossicles of the middle ear by monitoring the response after exposure to external airflow pressures

tympanometry

36

surgery with the use of a microscope; used in procedures involving delicate tissue such as the ear

microsurgery

37

incision into the eardrum, most often for insertion of a small metal or plastic tube, to keep the meatus open, avoiding fluid buildup as that which occurs as a result of otitis media

myringotomy

38

incision into the eardrum, most often for insertion of a small metal or plastic tube, to keep the meatus open, avoiding fluid buildup as that which occurs as a result of otitis media

tympanostomy

39

surgical repair of the external ear

otoplasty

40

excision of the stapes to correct otosclerosis

stapedectomy

41

vein graft of a scarred tympanic membrane to improve sound conduction

tympanoplasty

42

any internal or external device that improves or substitutes for natural hearing

auditory prosthesis

43

external amplifying device designed to improve hearing by more effective collection of sound into the ear

hearing aid

44

electronic device implanted in the cochlea that provided sound perception to patients with severe or profound sensorineural hearing loss in both ears

cochlear implant

45

irrigation of the external ear canal, commonly done to remove excessive buildup of cerumen

ear lavage

46

introduction of a medicated solution into the external canal

ear installation

47

TM



tympanic membrane

48

ENT



ear, nose, throat

49

PE tube



polyethylene tube