Male Reproductive: Symptomatic, Diagnostic, and Operative Terms Flashcards Preview

Med Terms > Male Reproductive: Symptomatic, Diagnostic, and Operative Terms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Male Reproductive: Symptomatic, Diagnostic, and Operative Terms Deck (37):
1

inability to secrete or ejaculate sperm

aspermia

2

semen without living spermatozoa, a sign of infertility in the male

azoospermia

3

scanty production and expulsion of sperm

oligospermia

4

drainage of mucus and pus

mucopurulent discharge

5

absence of one or both testes

anorchism

6

inflammation of glans penis

balanitis

7

undescneded testicle; failure of a testis to descend unto the scrotal sac during fetal development; it most often remains lodged in the abdomen or inguinal canal, requiring surgical repair

cryptorchism

8

inflammation of the epididymis

epididymitis

9

hernia of fluid in the testis or tubes leading from the testis

hydrocele

10

congenital opening of the male urethra on the under-surface of the penis

hypospadias

11

failure to initiate or maintain an erection until ejaculation because of physical or psychological dysfunction; formerly termed impotence

erectile dysfunction (ED)

12

disorder characterized by a buildup of hardened fibrous tissue in the corpus cavernosum causing pain and a defective curvature of the penis, especially during erection

Peyronie disease

13

narrowed condition of the prepuce (foreskin) resulting in its inability to be drawn over the glans penis, often leading to infection - commonly requires circumcision

phimosis

14

enlargement of the prostate gland; frequently seen in older men, causing urinary obstruction

benign prostatic hyperplasia/hypertrophy (BPH)

15

malignancy of the prostate gland

prostate cancer

16

inflammation of the prostate

prostatitis

17

painless, benign cystic mass containing sperm lying above and posterior to the testicle, but separate from it

spermatocele

18

malignant tumor in one or both testicles commonly developing from the germ cells that produce sperm - classified in two groups according to growth potential

testicular cancer

19

most common type of testicular tumor, composed of immature germ cells - highly treatable with early detection

seminoma

20

testicular tumors arising from more mature germ cells that have a tendency to be more aggressive than seminomas; often develop earlier in life (includes choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, teratoma, and yolk sac tumors)

nonseminomas

21

enlarged, swollen, herniated veins near the testis

varicocele

22

removal of the foreskin (prepuce), exposing the glans penis

circumcision

23

removal of an epididymis

epididymectomy

24

removal of a testicle

orchiectomy/orchidectomy

25

repair of a testicle

orchioplasty

26

fixation of an undescended testis in the scrotum

orchiopexy

27

excision of the prostate gland

prostatectomy

28

removal of prostatic gland tissue through the urethra using a resectoscope, a specialized urologic endoscope - common tratment for benign prostatic hyperplasia/hypertrophy (BPH)

transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP)

29

removal of a segment of the vas deferens to produce sterility in the male

vasectomy

30

restoration of the function of the vas derferens to regain fertility after vasectomy

vasovasastomy

31

DRE

digital rectal exam

32

HSV

herpes simplex virus

33

HPV

human papilloma virus

34

PSA

prostate-specific antigen

35

TURP

transurethral resection of the prostate

36

STD

sexually transmitted disease

37

ED

erectile dysfunction