Integumentary System: Symptomatic Terms Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Integumentary System: Symptomatic Terms Deck (32):
1

an area of pathologically altered tissue

lesion

2

lesions arising from previously normal skin

primary lesions

3



a flat, discolored spot on the skin up to 1 cm across (eg; freckle)

macule

4

a flat, discolored area on the skin larger than 1 cm (eg; vitiligo)

patch

5

a solid mass on the skin up to 0.5 cm in diameter (eg; nevus or mole)

papule

6

a solid mass greater than 1 cm in diameter, limited to the surface of the skin

plaque

7

solid mass greater than 1 cm, which extends deeper into the epidermis

nodule

8

a solid mas larger than 1-2 cm

tumor

9

an area of localized skin edema (swelling)

wheal

10

little bladder; an elevated, fluid-filled sac (blister) within or under the epidermis up to 0.5 cm in diameter

vesicle

11

a blister larger than 0.5cm

bulla

12

a pus-filled sac

pustule

13

lesions that result in changes in primary lesions

secondary lesions

14

to gnaw away; loss of superficial epidermis leaving an area of moisture but no bleeding

erosion

15

an open sore on the skin or mucous membrane that can bleed and scar and is sometimes accompanied by infection

ulcer

16

a scratch mark

excoriation

17

a linear crack in the skin

fissure

18

a thin flake of exfoliated epidermis

scale

19

dried residue of serum, pus, or blood on the skin

crust

20

a mark left by the healing of a sore or wound showing the replacement of destroyed tissue by fibrous tissue (cicatrix = scar)

cicatrix of the skin

21

an abnormal overgrowth of scar tissue that is thick and irregular

keloid

22

lesions of a blood vessel

vascular lesions

23

a small, round, bright-red blood vessel tumor on the skin, often on the trunk of the elderly

cherry angioma

24

a tiny, red blood vessel lesion formed by the dilation of a group of blood vessels radiating from a central arteriole

telangiectasia

25

most commonly seen on the face, neck, or chest

spider angioma

26

purpura; lesions as a result of hemorrhages into the skin

purpuric lesions

27

spot; a redish-brown, minute hemorrhagic spot on the skin that indicates a bleeding tendency-small purpura

petechia

28

bruise; a black and blue mark-large purpura

ecchymosis

29

skin tumors arising from the epidermis

epidermal tumors

30

a congenital malformation on the skin that can be epidermal or vascular - also called a mole

nevus

31

a mole with precancerous changes

dysplastic nevus

32

an epidermal tumor caused by a papilloma virus - also called a wart

verruca