UWorld_7.12 Flashcards Preview

USMLE Step 2 > UWorld_7.12 > Flashcards

Flashcards in UWorld_7.12 Deck (16):
1

Exacerbating factors in trochanteric bursitis of hip

-lying on side
-external pressure to upper lateral thigh

2

Exacerbating factors in osteoarthritis of hip of hip

-internal rotation of hip

3

True positive rate =
False positive rate =

TP rate = sensitivity
FP rate = 1 - specificity

4

PFTs in pulmonary fibrosis

-restrictive pattern
-reduced FEV1 and FVC but normal FEV1/FVC ratio
-reduced: FRC, TLC, RV

5

Adverse effects of estrogen receptor modulators

-e.g. tamoxifen, raloxifene
-hot flashes
-VTE
-endometrial hyperplasia & carcinoma

6

Management of duodenal ulcer

-antisecretory therapy/PPI
-abx (amoxicilin + clarithromycin) if 2/2 H. pylori

7

CV complications in Marfan's syndrome

-aortic dilation, regurgitation, or dissection
-mitral valve prolapse

8

Most common cause of death in acromegaly

CHF/cardiac causes

9

Tx of syphilis in pt. w/PCN allergy

-Doxycycline x 14 days
-IN PREGNANCY: PCN desensitization and tx w/PCN

10

Bacterial cause of malignant otitis externa

pseudomonas

11

Uric acid stone management

-hydration
-alkalinization of urine

12

Indications of secondary causes of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (@ males)

-H/A
-very low testosterone
-gynecomastia +/- galactorrhea
-evidence of other pituitary hormone deficiencies

13

Evaluation of secondary hypogonadotropic hypogonadism

-measurement of other pituitary hormones: thyroid, prolactin
-visual field testing
-MRI if: elevated PRL, test

14

Clinical manifestations of rickets

-craniotabes ("ping-pong ball" skull)
-delayed fontanel closure
-enlarged: skull, costochorndral joints, long bone joints
-pronounce genu varum

15

Presentation of infective endocarditis in IVDU

-s.aureus @ tricuspid valve = more common
-fragments can embolize to lungs ==> nodular infiltration with cavitation
-systemic sx, pleuritic chest pain, dyspnea, cough
- +/- heart murmur, peripheral sx (splinter hemorrhages or Janeway lesions) typically absent

16

Blunt trauma + clean CT + delayed deep abdominal pain/systemic sx ==> dx?

pancreatic injury