what is immunization
the process of becoming immune through a vaccination
how are live attenuated vaccines to be administered?
oral or sub cutaneously
what vaccines are live attenuated?
herpes zoster (shingles) varicella influenza MMR oral typhoid capsules rotavirus yellow fever oral cholera
how are inactivated vaccines to be given?
what are the inactivated vaccines?
DPT HIB Hep A Hep B HPV polio meningococal pneumococcal rabies inactivated influenza typhoid injection
live vaccines usually have higher or lower storage requirements, duration of protection, adverse effects, contraindications/precautions than inactivated vaccines?
where can you find guidelines for immunizations?
advisory committee on Immunization Practices
what vaccines are required for healthcare providers?
Flu, Tdap, Hep B, MMR, and Varicella
if live vaccines are not administered simultaneously how long must you wait between?
what must a patient be offered before a vaccination is given?
Vaccine information statement
technique for administration of vaccines
how is influenza transmitted?
respiratory, can spread 6 feet away
how long is the incubation period?
1-2 days, asymptomatic
how long does the virus continue to shed after symptoms have begun?
what % of US population gets flu each year?
what is the best way to prevent the flu?
what are the signs and symptoms of the flu?
fever, chills, cough, sore throat, fatigue, muscle or body aches, headache, runny nose, some may have nausea/vomiting
*50% have classic symptoms, 20% have no symptoms
what are some complications of influenza?
bacterial pneumonia, sinus or ear infection
worsening of chronic conditions: asthma, heart failure, diabetes
vaccines cause autism T/F
thimerosal in vaccines causes autism T/F
most people who get vaccine-preventable diseases have been vaccinated T/F
some vaccine-preventable diseases aren’t that bad T/F
giving several vaccines on the same day overloads the patients’s immune system T/F