Verbs Flashcards Preview

Latin > Verbs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Verbs Deck (147):
1

active voice, present indicative

O/m, s, t, mus, tis, nt

2

active voice, future indicative, groups 1 and 2

bo, bis, bit, bimus, bitis, bunt

3

active voice, Imperfect indicative

bam, bas, bat, bamus, batis, bant

4

active voice, perfect indicative

i, isti, it, imus, istis, erunt

5

active voice, future perfect indicative

ero, eris, erit, erimus, eritis, erint

6

active voice, pluperfect indicative

eram, eras, erat, eramus, eratis, erant

7

MEANING, active voice, present indicative

...DOING

8

MEANING, active voice, future simple indicative

...shall/will...

9

MEANING, active voice, Imperfect indicative

...was/were...

10

MEANING, active voice, perfect indicative

...have/ has ...
...DONE

11

MEANING, active voice, future perfect indicative

...shall/will have...

12

MEANING, active voice, pluperfect indicative

...had...

13

passive voice, present indicative

r, ris, tur, mur, mini, ntur

14

passive voice, future simple indicative

bor, beris (re), bitur, bimur, bimini, buntur

15

passive voice, imperfect indicative

bar, baris, batur, bamur, bamini, bantur

16

passive voice, perfect indicative

tus sum, tus es, tus est, ti sumus, ti sumus, ti estis, ti sunt

17

passive voice, future perfect indicative

tus ero, tus eris, tus erit, ti erimus, ti eritis, ti erunt

18

passive voice, pluperfect indicative

tus eram, tus eras, tus erat, ti eramus, ti eratis, ti erant

19

MEANING, passive voice, present indicative

... am/ are being...

20

MEANING, passive voice, future simple indicative

...shall/ will be...

21

MEANING, passive voice, imperfect indicative

...was/were being...

22

MEANING, passive voice, perfect indicative

...have/has been...
...was/were...

23

MEANING, passive voice, future perfect indicative

...shall/ will have been...

24

MEANING, passive voice, pluperfect indicative

...had been...

25

1st group, Infinitive ending

Are

26

2nd group, infinitive ending

Ere

27

First principal part

-O
First person singular
Present active indicative

28

Second principle part

-are/ere/ere/ire
Present active INFINITIVE (to desire)

29

Third principal part

-avi
First person singular
Perfect active indicative (I desired, I have desired)

30

Fourth principal part

-atus
Perfect passive participle (having been desired, desired)

31

Subjunctive mood is for

Idea, intent, desire, uncertainty, potentiality, anticipation

32

1st group, Present active Subjunctive

Change the A to E
Em, es, et, emus, etis, ent

Recognisable by the 'e'

33

Imperfect active subjunctive

Infinitive + personal endings

Are/ere/ire + m, s, t, mus, tis, nt

E.g: optarem, optares, optaret, opteremus, optaretis, optarent

34

Perfect active subjunctive

Perfect stem + eri + personal endings

av/ev/ep/s + eri + m, s, t, mus, tis, nt

35

Pluperfect active subjunctive

Perfect stem + isse + personal endings

av/ev/ep/s + isse + m, s, t, mus, tis, nt

36

Conditional sentence

Two clauses

An IF (si/nisi) clause and a concluding one

37

Conditional sentence, present subjunctive in both clauses

A less vivid future

If he should work, he would desire money

38

Conditional sentence, imperfect subjunctive in both clauses

Present contrary-to-fact
(Untrue or hypothesised)

If he were (now) working (but he is not), he would be desiring money (he would desire money)

39

Conditional sentence, pluperfect subjunctive in both clauses

Past contrary-to-fact
(Untrue or hypothesised)

If he had (in the past) worked (but he did not), he would have desired money

40

Genitive + accusation/condemnation verbs

Express the charge or penalty

41

2nd Group, Present active Subjunctive

Replace the e with ea
M,s,t,mus,tis,nt

Recognisable by the 'ea'

42

3rd Group, Present active Subjunctive

Replace the 'i' with 'a' or add the 'a' to the 'i'
m,s,t,mus,tis,nt

Recognisable by the 'a'

43

Group 4, Present active subjunctive

Replace with 'ia'

m,s,t,mus,tis,nt

Recognisable by the 'ia'

44

Active voice, future active indicative, groups 3 and 4

am,es,et,emus,etis,ent

(i stems keep the 'i' throughout)

45

Present passive indicative

or/r, ris/re, tur, mur, mini, ntur

46

Imperfect passive indicative

bar, baris, batur, bamur, bamini, bantur

47

Future passive indicative, groups 1 and 2

bor, beris, bitur, bimur, bimini, buntur

48

Future passive indicative, groups 3 and 4

ar, eris, etur, emur, emini, entur

49

Perfect passive indicative

Fourth principle part + sum, es, est, sumus, estis, sunt

Masculine singular: us
Masculine plural: i

Feminine singular: a
Feminine plural: ae

Neuter singular: um
Neuter plural: a

50

Pluperfect passive indicative

Fourth principle part + eram, eras, erat, eramus, eratis, erant

Masculine singular: us
Masculine plural: i

Feminine singular: a
Feminine plural: ae

Neuter singular: um
Neuter plural: a

51

Future perfect passive indicative

Fourth principle part + ero, eris, erit, erimus, eritis, erunt

Masculine singular: us
Masculine plural: i

Feminine singular: a
Feminine plural: ae

Neuter singular: um
Neuter plural: a

52

Perfect passive subjunctive

Fourth principle part + sim, sis, sit, simus, sitis, sint

Masculine singular: us
Masculine plural: i

Feminine singular: a
Feminine plural: ae

Neuter singular: um
Neuter plural: a

53

Pluperfect passive subjunctive

Fourth principle part + essem, esset, essemus, essetis, essent

Masculine singular: us
Masculine plural: i

Feminine singular: a
Feminine plural: ae

Neuter singular: um
Neuter plural: a

54

Present passive subjunctive

e/ea/a/ai + r, ris, tur, mur, mini, ntur

55

Imperfect passive subjunctive

Are/ere/ere/ire + r, ris, tur, mur, mini, ntur

56

Participle

Verb turned adjective

The shouting woman
The destroyed town
The men detouring the town

57

Present active participle

-ns added to present stem

58

Future active participle

Fourth principal part + urus/a/um

59

Perfect passive participle

The fourth principal part

60

Future passive participle

Present stem + ndus/a/um

61

Gerundive

Is the Future passive participle

Obligation, necessity, propriety

62

Periphrastics

Active/passive future participles + verb sum

63

Active periphrastic all conjugations for first person
Indicative

Present: urus/a/um + sum, I am about to
Imperfect: urus/a/um + eram, I was about to
Future: urus/a/um + ero, I will be about to
Perfect: urus/a/um + fui, I have been (was) about to
Pluperfect: urus/a/um + fueram, I had been about to
Future perfect: urus/a/um + fuero, I shall have been about to

64

Active periphrastic all conjugations all persons
Subjunctive

Present: urus/a/um + si-m/s/t/mus/tis/nt
Imperfect: urus/a/um + esse-m/s/t/mus/tis/nt
Perfect: urus/a/um + fueri-m/s/t/mus/tis/nt
Pluperfect: urus/a/um + fuisse-m/s/t/mus/tis/nt

65

Passive periphrastic meaning

Have (has) to, should, ought to, must

66

Passive periphrastic all conjugations for first person
Indicative

Present: ndus/a/um + sum, I have to be
Imperfect: ndus/a/um + eram, I had to be
Future: ndus/a/um + ero, I shall have to be
Perfect: ndus/a/um + fui, I had to be
Pluperfect: ndus/a/um + fueram, I had had to be
Future perfect: ndus/a/um + fuero, I shall have had to be

67

Passive periphrastic all conjugations all persons
Subjunctive

Present: ndus/a/um + si-m/s/t/mus/tis/nt
Imperfect: ndus/a/um + esse-m/s/t/mus/tis/nt
Perfect: ndus/a/um + fueri-m/s/t/mus/tis/nt
Pluperfect: ndus/a/um + fuisse-m/s/t/mus/tis/nt

68

Imperative present active singular

Present stem (a/e/e/i)

69

Imperative present active plural

Ate/ete/ite/ite

Present stem (a/e/e/i) + te

3rd groups: the e becomes an i

70

MEANING of Imperative present active

(Do!)

71

Exceptions to Imperative present active

Singular: dic,duc,fac,fer
Plural: ferte (the other three have the present stem in)

72

Imperative present passive singular

2nd person of present passive indicative with -re ending

Present passive stem + re

73

Imperative present passive plural

5th person present passive
-mini

74

MEANING of Imperative present passive

Be...(loved)

75

Negative imperatives noli
MEANING

Singular: Noli + present infinitive verb
Plural: nolite + present infinitive verb

MeAning: Don't (verb)

76

Negative imperatives ne
MEANING

Ne + present subjunctive/ perfect subjunctive

Meaning: may you not (verb)

77

Present active infinitive

Are/ere/ere/ire

78

Present passive infinitive

Ari/eri/i/iri
(Replace are/ere/ere/ire)

79

Perfect active infinitive

3rd principal part +isse

80

Perfect passive infinitive

4th principal part + esse
(Esse is the infinitive of sum)

81

Future active infinitive

Future active participle (urus/ura/urum)+ esse
(Esse is the infinitive of sum)

82

In a subordinate clause if the main verb is primary sequence what must the apodosis be

Present
Perfect

83

In a subordinate clause if the main verb is secondary sequence what must the apodosis be

Imperfect
Pluperfect

84

in a conditional sentence what must have happened in the protosis

the verb must already be finished

85

Future vivid conditional sentence

future indicative in both

"if he works, he will desire"

86

Future vivid MORE EMPHATIC conditional sentence

future perfect indicative, future indicative

"IF he works, he will desire"
(will have worked)

87

Less vivid future conditional sentence

Present subjunctive in both

"If he should work, he would desire money"

88

Simple conditional sentences

indicative in both

present "If he works, he desires"
past "if he worked, he desired"

89

present contrary to fact conditional sentence

imperfect subjunctive in both

"if he were working, he would be desiring"

90

Past contrary to fact conditional sentence

pluperfect subjunctive in both
"if he had worked, he would have desired"

91

primary tenses indicative

present
future
perfect (have, has)
future perfect

92

primary tenses subjunctive

present
perfect

93

secondary tenses indicative

imperfect
perfect (english past)
pluperfect

94

secondary tenses subjunctive

imperfect
pluperfect

95

conditional sentences, sequences of tenses

present/imperfect subjunctive (contemporaneous/subsequent to main verb)

perfect/pluperfect subjunctive (prior to main verb)

96

How to turn a sentence into an indirect statement

Nominative (the subject) goes to accusative
Finite verb goes to infinitive version

Tense of verb is expressed as it is, regardless of tense of main verb

97

Periphrastic active optaturus fuisse

To have been going to desire

98

Periphrastic passive optandus fuisse

To have had to be desired

99

Present participles singular

M,F: ns, ntem, ntis, nti, nti(e)
N: ns, ns, ntis, nti, nti(e)

100

Present participles plural

M,F: ntes, ntes(is), ntium, ntibus, ntibus
N: ntia, ntia, ntium, ntibus, ntibus

101

Present participles when should I and E be used for the ablative singular

I: participle used as an attributive adjetive
E: participle used as a noun

102

Present indicative of fero, ferre, tuli, latus

Fero, fers, fert, ferimus, fertis, ferunt

103

Present passive of fero, ferre, tuli, latus

Feror, ferris(ferre), fertur, ferimur, ferimini, feruntur

104

Imperative of fero, ferre, tuli, latus
Singular

Fer!

105

Imperative of fero, ferre, tuli, latus
Plural

Ferte!

106

Deponent verbs

Precor, precari, pracatus sum -beg, request

Vereor, vereri, veritus sum -fear

Ingredior, ingredi, ingressis sum -enter, proceed

Experior, experiri, expertus sum

107

Precor, precari, pracatus sum
Present

Precor
Pracaris(re)
Precatur
Precamur
Precamini
Precantur

108

Precor, precari, pracatus sum
Present subjunctive

Precer
Preceris(re)
Precetur
Precemur
Precemini
Precentur

109

Precor, precari, pracatus sum
Imperfect

Precabar
Precabaris
...

110

Precor, precari, pracatus sum
Imperfect subjunctive

Precarer
Precareris(re)

111

Precor, precari, pracatus sum
Future

Precabor
Precaberis(re)
...

112

Precor, precari, pracatus sum
Perfect

Precatus sum
Precatus es
..

113

Precor, precari, pracatus sum
Perfect subjunctive

Precatus si,
Precatus sis
...

114

Precor, precari, pracatus sum
Pluperfect

Precatus eram
Precatus eras

115

Precor, precari, pracatus sum
Pluperfect subjunctive

Precatus essem
Precatus esses
...

116

Precor, precari, pracatus sum
Future perfect

Precatus ero
Precatus eris

117

Precor, precari, pracatus sum
Present active infinitive

Precari

118

Precor, precari, pracatus sum
Perfect active infinitive

Precatus esse

119

Precor, precari, pracatus sum
Future active infinitive

Precaturus esse

120

Precor, precari, pracatus sum
Present active participle

Precans

121

Precor, precari, pracatus sum
Perfect active participle

Precatus -a -um

122

Precor, precari, pracatus sum
Future active participle

Precaturus -a -um

123

Precor, precari, pracatus sum
Future PASSIVE participle (gerundive)

Precandus -a -um

124

In what ways are deponent verbs different

Passive shape active meaning
Have a perfect active participle (other verbs have a passive one)

125

Semi-deponent verbs meaning

Passive forms, active meaning in the perfect stem

126

Audeo, audere, ausus sum

Present
Imperfect
Future
Perfect
Pluperfect
Future perfect

Audeo
Audebam
Audebo
Ausus sum
Ausus eram
Ausus ero

127

Jussive and Hortatory subjunctive

Veniat!
Veniamus!

The present subjunctive is used to express a command/exhortation

Let him come!
Let's come!
Floreat Exon

128

Jussive subjunctive is expressed in

Third person

129

Hortatory subjunctive is expressed in

The first person

130

Negative jussive hortatory subjunctive

Introduced by ne

Ne hoc faciat! =let him not do this!

131

Potential subjunctive

An action which might possibly/conceivable occur

Present (sometimes perfect) subjunctive: present/future potentiality (future less vivid)

Imperfect subjunctive: past potentiLity

132

Negative potential subjunctive

Introduced by non

133

Deliberative subjunctive

Present/imperfect subjunctive can be used to deliberate about a course of action. Used in rhetorical questions

Quid faciam? What am i to do? What should I do?
Quid facerem? What was I to do? What should I have done?

134

Negative of Deliberative subjunctive

Introduced by non

135

Optative sunjunctive- A wish for the future


Present subjunctive
Can be introduced by utinam/ut (utinam ne, ne, in negative)

Utinam veniat! I wish that he would come! If only he would come!
Utinam ne veniat! I wish he would not come! If only he would not come!

136

Optative subjunctive, incapable of fulfilment, present time

Imperfect subjunctive

Utinam veniret! I wish he were coming! If only he were coming!

137

Optative subjunctive, incapable of fulfilment, past time

Pluperfect
Utinam venisset! I wish he had come! If only he had come!

138

Indirect questions

Subordinate clause that depend on words that often depend on actions that occur in the head (saying, thinking, seeing, perceiving, knowing, asking)

Introduced by an interrogative word
Have their verbs in the subjunctive

139

Examples of indirect questions

I know who you are
We wondered what gifts you brought
What you are doing bothers me

140

Direct question verbs

Indicative or deliberative subjunctive

141

To turn direct questions into indirect
If the main clause is primary sequence
How is present time expressed

Present subjunctive

142

To turn direct questions into indirect
If the main clause is primary sequence
How is future time expressed

Present future active periphrastic

143

To turn direct questions into indirect
If the main clause is primary sequence
How is past time expressed

Perfect subjunctive

144

To turn direct questions into indirect
If the main clause is secondary sequence
How is present time expressed

Imperfect subjunctive

145

To turn direct questions into indirect
If the main clause is secondary sequence
How is future time expressed

Imperfect Future active periphrastic

146

To turn direct questions into indirect
If the main clause is secondary sequence
How is past time expressed

Pluperfect subjunctive

147

In double indirect questions (the second question is negative)

Necne is used more often than an non