Vocab- Case - Gender - Meaning Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab- Case - Gender - Meaning Deck (408):
1

Crown, wreath

Corona -ae
1
F

2

Water

Aqua, -ae
1
F

3

With

Cum (+ablative)

4

Care, concern, anxiety

Cura -ae
1
F

5

Concerning, about, (down) from

De (+abl)

6

Out of, from

E(ex) (+ablative)

7

Indeed, of course, for

Enim

8

And

Et
-que

9

Both...and

Et...et

10

Even

Et (as an adverb)

11

Talk, report, rumor, fame, reputation

Fama -ae
1
F

12

Woman

Femina -ae
1
F

13

Form, shape, figure, beauty

Forma -ae
1
F

14

Into, onto

In + accusative
Motion towards

15

In, on

In + ablative
Place where

16

Island

Insula -ae
1
F

17

Sailor

Nauta -ae
1
M

18

How to indicate a question

-ne

19

Not

Non (adverb)

20

Native land, country

Patria -ae
1
F

21

Money

Pecunia -ae
1
F

22

Penalty, punishment

Poena -ae
1
F

23

To pay a penalty

Poenas dare

24

Poet

Poeta -ae
1
M

25

Gate

Porta -ae
1
F

26

Queen

Regina -ae
1
F

27

But

Sed

28

Torch

Taeda -ae
1
F

29

Crowd, uproar

Turba -ae
1
F

30

Way, road, path, street

Via -ae
1
F

31

Dinner

Cena -ae
1
F

32

Consul

Consul -consulis
3
M

33

Desirous, eager, fond of

+ genitive
Cupidus -a -um
1,2
Adjective

34

Riches, wealth

Divitiae -arum (only plural)
1
F

35

Leader, guide

Dux, ducis
3
M/F

36

Household, family

Familia -ae
1
F

37

River, running water

Flumen -inis
3
N

38

Open space, market place, public square

Forum -i
2
N

39

Commander, general

Imperator -oris
3
M

40

Youth, young person

Iuvenis -iuvenis
3
M/F

41

Ship

Navis -is -ium
3
F

42

Speaker

Orator -oris
3
M

43

Parent

Parens, parentis
3
M/F

44

Poor

Pauper, pauperis
3
Adjective

45

Reward

Praemium -i
2
N

46

Wicked deed, crime

Scelus, sceleris
3
N

47

Statue

Statua -ae
1
F

48

As, when (+indicative)

Ut

49

Other, another

Alius -a -ud

50

One...another

Alius...alius

51

Some...others

Alii..alii

52

The other (of two)

Alter, altera, alterum

53

At, near, among, at the house of

Apud + accusative

54

Skill, art

Ars, artis, artium
F

55

Boldness, courage

Audacia -ae
1
F

56

Bold, courageous

Audax, audacis
3
Adjective

57

Aid

Auxilium -i
2
N

58

Certain, sure

Certus -a -um
1,2
Adjective

59

Uncertain, unsure

Incertus -a -um
1,2
Adjective

60

Guardian

Custos -odis
3
M

61

Figure, form, shape

Figura -ae
1
F

62

Pact, treaty, agreement

Foedus, foederis
3
N

63

Flight

Fuga, fugae
1
F

64

Joy

Gaudium -i
2
N

65

Race, people

Gens, gentis, -ium
3
F

66

Now, by this time, already, soon

Iam

67

Journey, route

Iter, itineris
3
N

68

Husband, wife,spouse

Coniunx, coniugis
3
M/F

69

Custom, plural: character

Mos, moris
3
M

70

Neither

Neuter, neutra, neutrum
1,2
Adjective

71

No,none

Nullus, nulla, nullum
1,2
Adjective

72

Ring, orb, circle

Orbis, orbis -ium
3
M

73

Circle of land, the world

Orbis terrarum

74

Part

Pars, partis -ium
3
F

75

On account of, because of

Propter + accusative

76

How much, how great

Quantus -a -um
1,2
Adjective

77

How many

Quot

78

Signal, sign

Signum -i
2
N

79

Sun

Sol, solis
3
M

80

Alone, only

Solus -a -um
1,2
Adjective

81

So much, so great

Tantus -a -um
1,2
Adjective

82

As/so much...as
As/so great..as

Tantus...quantus
Quantus...tantus

83

So many

Tot

84

As many...as

Tot...quot
Quot...tot

85

All, whole

Totus -a -um
1,2
Adjective

86

Any

Ullus -a -um
1,2
Adjective

87

One, alone

Unus -a -um
1,2
Adjective

88

Which (of two)

Uter, utra, utrum
1,2
Adjective

89

Manliness, courage, excellence, virtue

Virtus -tutis
3
F

90

Friendship

Amicitia -ae
1
F

91

Fall, accident, occurrence, chance

Casus -us
4
M

92

Counsel, plan, advice

Consilium, -i
2
N

93

Cruel (adjective of two)

Crudelis -e

Adjective of two

94

Mad, raving

Demens, dementis
3
Adjective

95

Easy

Facilis -e
3
Adjective

96

Difficult

Difficilis -e
3
Adjective

97

Slender, unadorned, simple

Gracilis -e
3
Adjective

98

Guest, host

Hospes -itis
3
M

99

Humble, lowly

Humilis -e
3
Adjective

100

Praise

Laus, laudis
3
F

101

Greatly

Magnopere
Adverb

102

Ancestors

Maiores -um (plural only)
3
M

103

Badly

Male
Adverb

104

Mars

Mars, Martis
3
M

105

Much, very

Multum
Adverb

106

For

Nam

107

Hatred

Odium -i
2
N

108

Too little, not enough

Parum
Adverb
Indeclinable adjective

109

Little, small

Parvus -a -um
1/2
Adjective

110

Before, previously

Prius
Adverb

111

As soon as possible

Quam primum

112

Nearest, next

Proximus -a -um
1/2
Adjective

113

Than (in comparisons)

Quam

114

Often

Saepe
Adverb

115

Wise

Sapiens -ntis
3
Adjective

116

Wisdom

Sapientia -ae
1
F

117

Enough

Satis
Adverb
Indeclinable adjective

118

Serene, calm

Serenus -a -um
1/2

119

Like, similar (to)

+genitive/dative
Similis -e
3

120

Dissimilar, unlike

+genitive/dative
Dissimilis -e

121

Highest, top (of)

Summus -a -um

122

Suppliant, humble

Supplex, supplicis
3

123

So

Tam

124

So...as
As...as

Tam...quam

125

Temple

Templum -i
2
N

126

Safe

Tutus -a -um

127

Withdraw, take oneself

Se recipere

128

Or (introducing the second part of a double question)

An

129

Breeze, wind, air

Aura, ae
F

130

Companion

Comes, comitis
M/F

131

Abundance, supply
Plural: troops

Copia -ae
F

132

Why, for what reason

Cur

133

Horrible, rough

Horridus -a -um
Adjective

134

Of an enemy, hostile

Hostilis -e
Adjective

135

There, then

Ibi
Adverb

136

Same

Idem, eadem, idem

137

Immortal, everlasting

Immortalis -e
Adjective

138

Self, very

Ipse, ipsa, ipsum

139

That (of yours)
That (with perjorstive sense)

Iste, ista, istud

140

Command, order

Iussum -i
N

The ablative is issu "by order"

141

Way, manner, limit, kind

Modus -i
M

142

In what way, how

Quo modo

143

Or not (generally used as the second part of a double indirect statement)

Necne

144

In a direct question anticipates the answer "yes"

Nonne

145

In a direct question anticipates the answer "no"

Num

146

Whether

Num (in a direct question)

147

Secretly

Occulte

148

Power, strength
Pl: resources, wealth

Ops, opis
F

149

Few

Pauci -ae -a

150

How long

Quamdiu

151

When, since

Quando

152

By what means, why, and therefore

Quare

153

Because

Quia

154

A certain one, a certain thing

Quidam, quaedam, quiddam (pronoun)

155

Certain

Quidam, quaedam, quoddam (adjective)

156

Lot, destiny

Sors, sortis, -ium
F

157

As if, as, as it were

Tamquam

158

At last, at length

Tandem

159

Where, when

Ubi

160

From where

Unde

161

I wish!, would that!, If only!

Utinam

162

Whether

Utrum

163

Whether...or
X3

Utrum...an
-ne...an
--...an

164

Whether...or not (in direct double questions)
X3

Utrum...an non
-ne...an non
--...an non

165

Whether...or not (in indirect double questions)
X3

Utrum...necne
-ne...necne
--...necne

166

Whether (introducing a single indirect question)

An

167

(Away) from, by

+ablative

A, ab (a +consonant, b+ vowel or h)

168

To, towards

Ad

169

Soul, spirit, life force

Anima, -ae
F

170

Altar

Ara -ae
F

171

Storeroom, (small) room

Cella, -ae
F

172

Guilt, fault

Culpa -ae
F

173

Glory, renown

Gloria -ae
F

174

Inhabitant

Incola, -ae
M (occasionally F)

175

Ambush, plot, treachery

Isidiae, -arum
F
(Used only in plural)

176

Envy, jealousy

Invidia, -ae
F

177

Tear (of water)

Lacrima -ae
F

178

Moon, moonlight

Luna, -ae
F

179

Delay

Mora -ae
F

180

Nature

Natura, -ae
F

181

And not, nor

Neque, nec

182

Neither...nor

Neque (nec)... Neque (nec)

183

Nothing

Nihil or nil
N

184

Unless, if...not, except

Nisi

185

Harm, injury

Noxa -ae
F

186

Now

Nunc

187

Through

+accusative
Per

188

Province

Provincia -ae
F

189

Girl

Puella -ae
F

190

Always

Semper

191

Feeling, thought, opinion

Sententia, -ae
F

192

If

Si

193

Under (going to place)

sub +accusative

194

Under (at/in place)

Sub + ablative

195

Earth, land

Terra -ae
F

196

Wave

Unda -ae
F

197

Life

Vita -ae
F

198

Bitter, harsh

Acerbus -a -um

199

Field

Ager, agri
M

200

War

Bellum, -i
N

201

Good

Bonus -a -um

202

Blind, hidden, secret

Caecus -a -um

203

Plain, level surface

Campus, -i
M

204

Bright, clear, famous

Clarus -a -um

205

Right (not left), favourable

Dexter, dextra, dextrum

206

Right hand

Dextra -ae
F

207

To the right

Ad dextram

208

Diligence

Diligentia -ae
F

209

Gift

Donum -i
N

210

Sword

Gladius -i
M

211

Happy

Laetus -a -um

212

Free

Liber, libera, liberum

213

Large, big, great

Magnus -a -um

214

Evil, bad, wicked

Malus -a -um

215

Marcus (proper name)

Marcus -i
M

216

Miserable, unhappy, wretched

Miser misera miserum

217

Much, many

Multus -a -um

218

Son

Natus -i
M

219

In order that...not

Ne (purpose clause)

220

That...not

Ne (indirect command)

221

Eye

Oculus -i
M

222

Boy; child

Puer, pueri
M

223

Beautiful

Pulcher pulchra pulchrum

224

Roman

Romanus -a -um

225

Rock, stone

Saxum -i
N

226

Slave

Servus -i
M

227

In order that

Ut (in purpose clauses)

228

That

Ut (in indirect commands)

229

Strong, healthy

Validus -a -um

230

Cloth, covering, sail

Velum -i
N

231

To set sale

Vela dare

232

Indulgence, favour, kindness, (obliging) disposition

Venia -ae
F

233

Wind

Ventus -i
M

234

Word

Verbum -i
N

235

Man

Vir, viri
M

236

Eternal

Aeternus -a -um

237

High, tall, deep

Altus -a -um

238

Friendly

+ dative
Amicus -a -um

239

Unfriendly, hostile

+dative
Inimicus -a -um

240

Heaven, sky

Caelum -i
N

241

Dear

+ dative
Carus -a -um

242

Food

Cibus -i
M

243

Around

+ accusative
Circum

244

A god, deity

Deus, deum, dei, deo deo
Di, deos, deorum/deum, dis, dis
M

245

Goddess

Dea -ae
F

246

Deed

Factum -i
N

247

Son

Filius -i
M

248

Daughter

Filia -ae
F

249

Respected, honourable, distinguished

Honestus -a -um

250

Book

Liber, libri
M

251

Letter (of the alphabet)
Pl letter (epistle)

Littera -ae
F

252

Table

Mensa -ae
F

253

Town

Oppidum -i
N

254

Danger

Periculum -i
N

255

Because

Quod

256

Realm, Kingdom

Regnum -i
N

257

Enthusiasm, zeal

Studium -i
N

258

Roof, house

Tectum -i
N

259

Shadow

Umbra -ae
F

260

Urn

Urna -ae
F

261

True, real

Verus -a -um

262

Truly, indeed

Vere/vero

263

Country house, farmhouse

Villa -ae
F

264

Before, in front of

+ accusative
Ante

265

Before, previously

Ante (adverb)

266

Ancient

Antiquus -a -um

267

Arms, weapons

Arma -orum
N
Plural

268

Golden, of gold

Aureus -a -um

269

However, moreover

Autem

270

Well

Bene

271

Master, lord

Dominus -i
M

272

Hard, harsh

Durus -a -um

273

Iron, sword

Ferrum -i
N

274

Flame, fire

Flamma -ae
F

275

Authority, power, empire

Imperium -i
N

276

Superior, director, master, teacher

Magister, magistri
M

277

Middle of, middle

Medius -a -um

278

Soon

Mox

279

New, strange

Novus -a -um

280

Never

Numquam/nunquam

281

Ever

Umquam/unquam

282

Loyal, dutiful, pious

Pius -a -um

283

Irreverent, wicked, impious

Impius -a -um

284

People

Populus -i
M

285

After, behind

+accusative
Post

286

Afterwards, after, behind

Post (adverb)

287

After + indicative

Postquam

288

Although + indicative

Quamquam

289

Fall, downfall, ruin, desuction

Ruina -ae
F

290

Without

+ablative
Sine

291

Ally

Socius -i
M

292

Allied

Socius -a -um

293

Nevertheless

Tamen (adverb)

294

Animal

Animal, -alis, -ium
N

295

Athens

Athenae, -arum
F
(Plural)

296

And

Atque or ac

297

Dawn

Aurora -ae
F

298

Body

Corpus, corporis
N

299

For a long time

Diu

300

House, home

Domus -i
F

301

Copy, model, example

Exemplar -aris -ium
N

302

Example

Exemplum -i
N

303

Brother

Frater, fratris
M

304

Human being, man

Homo, hominis
M

305

Fire

Ignis, ignis, -ium
I-stem but the ablative singular can be -e or -i
M

306

Italy

Italia -ae
F

307

Juno

Iuno, ionionis
F

308

Jupiter

Iuppiter, Iovis
M

309

Light (neuter version)

Lumen, luminis
N

310

Sea

Mare, maris, -ium
N

311

Mother

Mater, matris
F

312

Mind, disposition, intellect

Mens, mentis, -ium
F.

313

Soldier

Miles, militis
M

314

(City) walls

Moenia, moenium (plural)
N

315

Mountain

Mons, montis, -ium
M

316

Not only...but also

Non solum...sed etiam

317

Night

Nox, noctis, -ium
F

318

Father

Pater, patris
M

319

King

Rex, regis
M

320

Rome

Roma -ae
F

321

Rumor, gossip

Rumor -oris
M

322

Country (the countryside)

Rus, ruris
N

323

Sound, healthy, sane

Sanus -a -um

324

Slavery

Servitus, servitutis
F

325

Constellation, star; heaven

Sidus, sideris
N

326

Sister

Soror -oris
F

327

Fear, dread x2

Timor, timoris
M

328

City

Urbs, urbis, -ium
F

329

Liveliness, activity, vigor

Vigor, -oris
M

330

Force, power; strength in plural

Singular: Vis, --
Plural: vires, virium
F

331

love

amor, amoris
M

332

year

annus -i
M

333

Asia

Asia -ae
F

334

producer, founder, author

auctor -oris
M

335

citizen

civis, civis, -ium
M or F

336

I

ego, mei

337

end, boundary, limit

finis, finis, -ium
M

338

descent, origin, race, sort

genus, generis,
N

339

this, the latter

hic, haec, hoc

340

hour, season

hora, -ae
F

341

enemy, public enemy

hostis, hostis, -ium
M

342

that, the former

ille, illa, illud

343

this, that ; he, she, it

is, ea, id

344

place, spot

locus -i
M in singular
N in plural

345

my, mine, my own

meus -a -um

346

death

mors, mortis, -ium
F

347

our, ours, our own

noster, nostra, nostrum

348

work

opus, operis
N (even though it ends in -us)

349

there is need of

opus est

what is needed is put in the Nominative, Ablative, or occasionally Genitive case

person in need is in Dative

350

who, which, that

qui, quae, quod

351

which, what

qui, quae, quod

352

five

quinque

353

who, what

quis, quid

354

health, safety

salus, -utis
F

355

say hello, greet

salutem dicere

356

himself, herself, itself, themselves

--, sui

357

his own, her own, its own, their own

suus -a -um

358

time, period, season

tempus -oris
N

359

you

tu, tui

360

your, yours, your own (singular)

tuus -a -um

361

your, yours, your own (plural)

vester, vestra, vestrum

362

voice

vox, vocis
F

363

sharp, keen, fierce

acer, acris, acre
adjective of three

364

song, poem, incantation

carmen -inis
N

365

citizenship; state

civitas, civitatis
F

366

day

dies -ei
M

367

house, home

domus -us/i
F

368

sweet, pleasant

dulcis -e
adjective of two

369

happy, fortunate

felix, felicis
adjective of one

370

unhappy, unfourtunate

infelix -icis
adjective of one

371

faith, trust, trustworthiness

fides -ei
F

372

strong, brave

fortis, -e
adjective 2

373

cold

frigidus -a -um

374

enjoyment; fruit, profit

fructus -us
M

375

to be a profit, be an asset to

(for the purpose of) (+dative)
fructui esse

376

heavy, severe, important

gravis -e
adjective 2

377

huge

ingens, ingentis
adjective 1

378

wrath, anger

ira, -ae
F

379

freedom

libertas, libertatis

F

380

shore, beach

litus, litoris
N

381

long

longus -a -um
adjective

382

far off, at a distance, far and wide

longe
adverb

383

light

lux, lucis
F

384

at the first light, at daybreak

prima luce

385

hand; band, troop

manus -us
F

386

mindful, remembering

(+genitive)
memor, memoris
adjective 1

387

fear, dread

metus -us
M

388

motion, movement

motus -us
M

389

name

nomen, nominis
N

390

divinity, divine spirit

numen, numinis
N

391

on account of which thing, for what reason, why

Quam ob rem

392

on account of

(+accusative)
ob

393

every, all

omnis -e
adjective 2

394

pinion

opinio -onis
F

395

heart, breast

pectus -oris
N

396

in front of, for, on behalf of, instead of, in return for

(+ablative)
pro

397

fugitive, banished, exiled

profugus -a -um
adjective

398

public

publicus -a -um
adjective

399

thing, matter, affair, situation

res, rei
F

400

state, republic

res publica

401

cruel

saevus -a -um
adjective

402

sensation, feeling

sensus -us
M

403

appearance

species -ei
F

404

hope

Spes -eiabove, upper
F

405

above, upper

superus -a -um
adjective

406

the gods above

superi -orum (plural)
M

407

head, top, summit; whirlpool, whirlwind

vertex, verticis
M

408

Carrie

Carrie, Carris
F