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Flashcards in adjectives Deck (75):
1

1st group, singular (masculine)

us/-, us/-, um, i, o, o

2

1st group, plural (masculine)

i, i, os, orum, is, is

3

1st group, singular (feminine)

a, a, am, ae, ae, a

4

1st group, plural (feminine)

ae, ae, as, arum, is, is

5

1st group, singular (neuter)

um, um, um, i, o, o

6

1st group, plural (neuter)

a, a, a, orum, is, is

7

2nd group, singular (masculine)

us/-, us/-, um, i, o, o

8

2nd group, plural (masculine)

i, i, os, orum, is, is

9

2nd group, singular (feminine)

a, a, am, ae, ae, a

10

2nd group, plural (feminine)

ae, ae, as, arum, is, is

11

2nd group, singular (neuter)

um, um, um, i, o, o

12

2nd group, plural (neuter)

a, a, a, orum, is, is

13

When does an ablative need cum

WAY or MANNER in which something is done
IF the ablative noun is NOT MODIFIED by an adjective

14

When does an ablative not need cum

- MEANS or INSTRUMENT with which something is done
- WAY or MANNER in which something is done (it is optional unless there is no modifying adjective)

15

When does the Ablative noun not need cum

to express MEANS or INSRUMENT

16

When does the Ablative noun need cum

to express WAY or MANNER IF the noun is NOT modified by the adjective (otherwise cum is optional)

17

how is PURPOSE expressed

the infinitive
a subordinate clause is often required
this is introduced by ut/ne
the verb will be in the subjunctive

18

Thrid declension, three terminations singular for acer

M: acer, acrem,
F: acris, acrem,
N: acre, acre,

19

Thrid declension, three terminations plural for acer

M: acres, acres(is),
F: acres, acres(is),
N: acria, acria

20

Thrid declension, two terminations singular for omnis

M,F: omnis, omnem
N: omne, omne

21

Thrid declension, two terminations plural for omnis

M,F: omnes, omnes(is)
N: omnia, omnia

22

Thrid declension, one termination singular for ingens

M,F: Ingens, ingentem
N: Ingens, ingens

23

Thrid declension, one termination plural for ingens

M,F: ingentes, ingentes(is)
N: ingentia, ingentia

24

Third declension singular

M,F: --,em, is, i, i
N: --,--, is, i, i

25

Third declension plural

M,F: es, es(is), ium, ibus, ibus
N: ia, ia, ium, ibus, ibus

26

Positive
Brave

Brave

27

Comparative
Brave

Braver, rather brave, too brave

28

Superlative
Brave

Bravest, most brave, very brave

29

Comparative adjectives masculine/feminine

-ior to genitive stem

Declined like third declension adjectives (never an i stem)

30

Comparative adjectives neuter

-ius to genitive stem

Declined like third declension adjectives (never an i stem)

31

Superlative adjectives

-issimus -issima -issimus

Declined like first-second declension adjectives

32

Superlative adjectives if positive Masculine Nominative Singular
ends in -er

-rimus -rima -rimum added directly to masculine nominative form

33

Six adjectives that end in -lis in Mas/Fem Nominative Singular positive
Form the superlative by adding

-limus -lima -limum to the stem of the positive

34

What are the six -lis adjectives

Facilis, -e
Difficilis, -e
Similis, -e
Disimilis, -e
Gracilis, -e
Humilis, -e

35

"Quam" + superlative

Quam fortissimus est

"As... as possible"

He is as brave as possible
He is as brave as can be

36

Irregular comparison of adjectives
Bonus, bona, bonum
Malus, mala, malum
Magnus, magna, magnum
Parvus, parva, parvum
Multus, multa, multum

Comparative:
melior, melius
Peior, peius
Maior, maius
Minor, minus
Plus (neuter only in singular) pl: plures, plura

Superlative:
optimus, optima, optimum
Pessimus, pessima, pessimum
Maximus, maxima, maximum
Minimus, minima, inimum
Plurimus, plurima, plurimum

37

Comparison with "quam"

The two things being compared before and after "quam" are in the same case

38

Ablative of comparison

Pater eius est altior hospite

Ablative without a preposition is used with the comparative adjective to denote comparison

His father is taller than the guest

39

degree of difference

Ablative without a preposition + comparatives
Expresses the degree in which the two things being compared differ

Implicit comparison being made: superlative used

40

How are positive 1st and 2nd declension adverbs formed

-e added to stem

41

How are positive 3rd declension adverbs formed

-iter added to stem

42

Comparitive adverb

-ius added o the stem of the positive

43

Superlative adverb

-issime (-rime -lime same as the adjectives) added to the positive stem

44

Adverbs comparative and superlative of these positives

Bene
Male
Magnopere
Parum
Multum
Diu
Saepe
In a race
Prope

COMPARATIVE
melius
Peius
Magis
Minus
Plus
Diutus
Saepius
Prius
Propius

SUPERLATIVE
Optime
Pessime
Maxime
Minime
Plurimum
Diutissime
Saepissime
Primum
Proxime

45

Adverb
Well, better, best

Bene
Melius
Optime

46

Adverb
Badly, worse, worst

Malus
Peior
Pessime

47

Adverb
Greatly, more, most/especially

Magnopere
Magis
Maxime

48

Adverb
Not enough, less, least

Parum
Minus
Minime

49

Adverb
Much, more, most

Multum
Plus
Plurimum

50

Adverb
Long/for a long time, longer, longest (in time)

Diu
Diutius
Diutissime

51

Adverb
Often, more often, very often

Saepe
Saepius
Saepissime

52

Adverb
--, before, first

--, prius, primum

53

Adverb
Near, nearer, nearest/next

Prope, propius, proxime

54

Totus, tota, totum
M/F/N singular (the plural is normAl)

M: Totus, totum, totius, toti, toto
F: Tota, totUm, totius, toti, tota
M: Totum, totum, totius, toti, toto

55

What other Adjectives are there that have a Genitive singular in -ius
(Decline like Totus, tota, totum)

Alius, -ia, -ud
Alter, altera, alterum
Ullus, -a, -um
Nullus, -a, -um
Uter, utra, utrum
Neuter, neutra, neutrum
Solus, -a, -um
Unus, -a, -um

56

Idem, eadem, idem "same"
Masculine singular

Idem, eundem, eiusdem,eidem,eodem

57

Idem, eadem, idem "same"
Feminine singular

Eadem, eandem, eiusdem, eidem, eadem

58

Idem, eadem, idem "same"
Neuter singular

Idem, idem, eiusdem, eidem, eodem

59

Idem, eadem, idem "same"
Masculine plural

Eidem/idem, eosdem, eorundem, eisdem/isdem, eisdem/isdem

60

Idem, eadem, idem "same"
Feminine plural

Eaedem, easdem, earundem, eisdem/isdem,eisdem/isdem

61

Idem, eadem, idem "same"
neuter plural

Eadem, eadem, eorundem, eisdem/isdem, eisdem/isdem

62

Pronoun: Quidam, quaedam, quiddam (quodam if its an adjective)
Masculine singular

Quidam, quendam, cuiusdam, cuidam, quodam

63

Pronoun: Quidam, quaedam, quiddam (quodam if its an adjective)
Feminine singular

Quaedam, quandam, cuiusdam, cuidam, quadam

64

Pronoun: Quidam, quaedam, quiddam (quoddam if its an adjective)
Neuter singular

Quiddam (quoddam), quidam (quoddam), cuiusdam, cuidam, quodam

65

Pronoun: Quidam, quaedam, quiddam (quodam if its an adjective)
Masculine plural

Quidam, quosdam, quorundam, quibusdam, quibusdam

66

Pronoun: Quidam, quaedam, quiddam (quodam if its an adjective)
Feminine plural

Quaedam, quasdam, quarundam, quibusdam, quibusdam

67

Pronoun: Quidam, quaedam, quiddam (quodam if its an adjective)
Neuter plural

Quaedam, quaedam, quorundam, quibusdam, quibusdam

68

Ipse, ipsa, ipsum "self,very"
Masculine singular

Ipse, ipsum, ipsius, ipsi, ipso

69

Ipse, ipsa, ipsum "self,very"
Feminine singular

Ipsa, ipsam, ipsius, ipsi, ipsa

70

Ipse, ipsa, ipsum "self,very"
Neuter singular

Ipsum, ipsum, ipsius, ipsi, ipso

71

Ipse, ipsa, ipsum "self,very"
Masculine plural

Ipsi, ipsos, ipsorum, ipsis, ipsis

72

Ipse, ipsa, ipsum "self,very"
Feminine plural

Ipsae, ipsas, ipsarum, ipsis, ipsis

73

Ipse, ipsa, ipsum "self,very"
Neuter plural

Ipsa, ipsa, ipsorum, ipsis, ipsis

74

What is ipse, ipsa, ipsum used for

To intensify the word it modifies or stands for

75

Iste,ista, istud "that (of yours)"

Adjective/pronoun
Declines like ille, illa, illud
Carries a pejorative/negative tone