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Flashcards in nouns Deck (85):
1

stem for 1st group

a

2

stem for 2nd group

o

3

1st group, singular

a, a, am, ae, ae, a (feminine)

4

1st group, plural

ae, ae, as, arum, is, is (feminine)

5

2nd group, singular (masculine)

us/er, us/er, um, i, o, o

6

2nd group, plural (masculine)

i, i, os, orum, is, is

7

2nd group, singular (neuter)

um, um,um, i, o, o

8

2nd group, plural (neuter)

a, a, a, orum, is, is

9

Third group masculine singular

--, em, is, i, e

10

Third group feminine singular

--, em, is, i, e

11

Third group masculine plural

es, es (is), um (ium), ibus, ibus
(For i stems)

12

Third group feminine plural

es, es (is), um (ium), ibus, ibus
(For i stems)

13

Third group neuter singular

--, --, is, i, e (i)
(For i stems)

14

Third group neuter plural

a (ia), a (ia), um (ium), ibus, ibus
(For i stems)

15

Third groups are i stems if

Nominative and genitive have the same amount of syllables

The stem of the noun ends in two consonants, unles the second consonant is an l or r (pater, mater

The nominative singular of a neuter noun ends in e, al, ar (ablative singular -i, nominative/accusative plural -ia)

16

Vis singular

Force, power

Vis, vim, --, --, vi

17

Vis plural

Strength

Vires, vires/viris, virium, viribus, viribus

18

'This' singular masculine

Hic, hunc, huius, huic, hoc

19

'This' singulR feminin

Haec, hanc, huius, huic, hac

20

'This' singular neuter

Hoc, hoc, huius, huic, hoc

21

'This' plurAl masculine

Hi, hos, horum, his, his

22

'This' plural feminine

Hae, has, harum, his, his

23

'This' plural neuter

Haec, haec, horum, his, his

24

'That' masculine singular

Ille, illum, illius, illi, illo

25

'That' feminine singular

Illa, illam, illius, illi, illa

26

'That' neuter singular

Illud, illud, illius, illi, illo

27

'That' masculine plural

Illi, illos, illorum, illis, illis

28

'That' feminine plural

Illae, illas, illarum, illis, illis

29

'That' neuter plural

Illa, illa, illorum, illis, illis

30

UnEmphatic 'this' or 'that' masculine singular

Is, eum, eius, ei, eo

31

UnEmphatic 'this' or 'that' feminine singular

Ea, eam, eius, ei, ea

32

UnEmphatic 'this' or 'that' neuter singular

Id, Id, eius, ei, eo

33

UnEmphatic 'this' or 'that' masculine plural

Ei/ii, eos, eorum, eis/iis, eis/iis

34

UnEmphatic 'this' or 'that' femninie plural

Eae, eas, earum, eis/iis, eis/iis

35

UnEmphatic 'this' or 'that' neuter plural

Ea, ea, eorum, eis/iis, eis/iis

36

First/second person pronoun singular

Ego, me, mei, mihi, me

Tu, te, tui, tibi, te

37

First/second person pronoun plural

Nos, nos, nostrum/nostri, nobis, nobis

Vos, vos, vestrum/vestri, vobis, vobis

38

Ego, tu

I, you

39

Me, te

Me, you

By/from/with/in me, you

40

Mei, tui

Of me/you

41

Mihi, tibi

To/for me

42

Nos, vos

We, you

43

Nos, vos

Us, you

44

Nostrum, vestrum

Of us,you

45

Nostri, vestri

Of us,you

46

Nobis, vobis

To/for us, you

By/from/with/in us, you

47

Reflexive meaning

Pronoun refers to the subject of its own clause

Same person and thing

48

Third person (reflexive)

Himself, herself, itself, themselves

--, se, sui, sibi, se

49

Possessive adjectives 1st

Meus mea meum =my
Noster, nostra, nostrum =our

50

Possessive adjectives 2nd

Tuus, tua, tuum= your
Vester, vestra, vestrum =your

51

Possessive adjectives 3rd

Suus, sua, sum (singular/plural) -only ever reflexive

52

Relative pronoun "who" "which" "whom"
Masculine singular

Qui, quem, cuius, cui, quo

53

Relative pronoun "who" "which" "whom
Feminine singular

Quae, quam, cuius, cui, qua

54

Relative pronoun "who" "which" "whom"
Neuter singular

Quod, quod, cuius, cui quo

55

Relative pronoun "who" "which" "whom"
Masculine plural

Qui, quos, quorum, quibus, quibus

56

Relative pronoun "who" "which" "whom"
Feminine plural

Quae, quas, quarum, quibus, quibus

57

Relative pronoun "who" "which" "whom"
Neuter plural

Quae, quae, quorum, quibus, quibus

58

Interrogative pronoun masculine/feminine

Quis, quem, cuius, cui, quo

59

Interrogative pronoun neuter

Quid, quid, cuius, cui, quo

60

Fourth declension masculine/feminine singular

Us, um, us, ui, u

61

Fourth declension masculine/feminine plural

Us, us, uum, ibus, ibus

62

Fourth declension neuter singular

u, u, us, ui, u

63

Fourth declension neuter plural

Ua, ua, uum, ibus, ibus

64

Fifth declension nouns (mainly feminine) singular

Es, em, ei, ei, e

65

Fifth declension nouns (mainly feminine) plural

Es, es, erum, ebus, ebus

66

Present indicative for eo, ire, ivi (ii), itus

Eo, is, it, imus, itis, eunt

67

Present subjunctive for eo, ire, ivi (ii), itus

Eam, eas, eat, eamus, eatis, eant

68

Imperfect indicative for eo, ire, ivi (ii), itus

Inam, ibas, ibat, ibamus, ibatis, ibant

69

Future indicative for eo, ire, ivi (ii), itus

Ibo, ibis, ibit, ibimus, ibitis, ibunt

70

Present participle of eo, ire, ivi (ii), itus

Iens, euntis

71

Active imperative singular

a/e/e/i
(Infinitives minus re)

72

Active imperative plural

Ate/ete/ite/ite

73

Exceptions in the imperative of third declension

Singular: Dic! Duc! Fac! Fer!
Plural:dicite! Ducite! Facite! Ferte!

74

Passive singular imperative

Same as the present active infinitive
Are/ere/ere/ire

75

Plural imperative passive

Present passive indicative 2nd,pers,plur

-mini

76

Negative imperative singular
Two ways

Noli + present infinitive
Ne + present/perfect sunjunctive

77

Negative imperative plural
Two ways

Nolite + present infinitive
Ne + present/perfect subjunctive

78

Vocative different from nominative in

Second declension Nouns ending in -us
Have a vocative singular in -e

Second declension Nouns ending in -ius
Have a vocative singular in -i

Meus has vocative singular mi

79

Infinitive as subject

Videre est credere
Libros legere bonum est
Scimus bonum esse libros legere

Infinitive is a neuter noun,
Often subjects of est
If modified by an adjective the adjective will be neuter

To see is to believe (seeing is believing)
To read books is good (reading books is good)
We know that to read books is good (we know that reading books is a good thing)


80

Male noun suffix

-tor added to the verb stem makes it a noun
Means "one who"

Inceptor = the one who begins, beginner
Auditor = the one who hears, hearer

81

Female noun suffix

-trix added to the stem of a verb produces a noun
Means "one who"

Amatrix = one who loves, lover
Inventrix =one who finds, discoverer

82

Diminutives

Vowel + ulus/a/um
Vowel + olus/a/um
Culus/a/um
Ellus/a/um
Illus/a/um

83

"Made of" "belonging to"

Suffixes added to the stem of a noun (sometimes adjective)

Eus
Ius
Anus
Enus
Inus
Eius
Cus
Ticus

84

"Pertaining to"

Added to the stem of a noun

Alis
Aris
Ilis

85

"Belonging to" (especially of time and place)

Ter (tris)
Ester (estris)
Timus
Nus
Urnus
Ternus