Vocab I Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Vocab I Deck (825):
1

a, ab (+abl)

from, by

2

absum, abesse, afui

be absent

3

G ac, atque

and

4

G accido(accidere, accidi)

happen

5

accipio, accipere, accepi, acceptum

accept, receive,

6

acer, acris, acre

keen, sharp,

7

acies(aciei) f.

battle line

8

ad (+acc)

to, towards, at

9

addo(addere, addidi, additum)

add,

10

G adeo

so much, so greatly, to such an extent

11

1adhuc

till now, still

12

1adimo(adimere, ademi, ademptus)

take away, remove
(adimere, ademi, ademptus)

13

1adipiscor(adipisci, adeptus sum)

obtain
(adipisci, adeptus sum)

14

1adiuvo(adiuvare, adiuvi, adiutus)

help
(adiuvare, adiuvi, adiutus)

15

adsum, adesse, adfui

to be present

16

1adulescens
(adulescentis, m)

youth, young man
(adulescentis, m)

17

advenio (advenire, adveni, adventum)

arrive
(advenire, adveni)

18

1 adversus

(+ acc)

against, up(hill) /against, opposite

(+ acc)

19

aedificium
(aedificii, n)

building
(aedificii, n)

20

aedifico (1)

build
(aedificare, aedificavi, aedificatus)

21

aequus (aequa, aequum)

level, equal, even, fair,
(aequa, aequum)

22

ager (agri, m)

field, land, territory
(agri, m)

23

aggredior
(aggredi, aggressus sum)

attack, approach, undertake
(aggredi, aggressus sum)

24

agmen agminis n.

marching column, army on the march

25

ago, agere, egi, actum

do, act, drive, carry out, spend
(agere, egi, actus)

26

1gratias ago

thank, give thanks

27

aliquis-quis -quid

someone, something,

28

alius -a -um

other, another,
(alia, aliud)

29

1alii ... alii

some ... other

30

alter ,altera, alterum

the other (of two), the second
(altera, alterum)

31

altus alta, altum

high, deep
(alta, altum)

32

ambulo (1)
(ambulare, ambulavi)

walk
(ambulare, ambulavi)

33

1amica(amicae)

girl-friend
(amicae)

34

amicus (amici)

friend
(amici)

35

amitto(amittere, amisi, amissum)

lose
(amittere, amisi, amissus)

36

1amo(amare, amavi, amatus)

love, like
(amare, amavi, amatus)

37

1amor(amoris, m)

love
(amoris, m)

38

1an(indeclinable)

or
(indeclinable)

39

1angustus(angusta, angustum)

narrow, confined
(angusta, angustum)

40

1animadverto(animadvertere, animadverti, animadversus)

notice, observe
(animadvertere, animadverti, animadversus)

41

1animus(animi, m)

spirit, soul, mind, courage
(animi, m)

42

annus anni, m.

year
(anni, m)

43

ante(adv. and prep. +acc)

before, in front of
(+acc)

44

antea(adv.)

before, previously
(indeclinable)

45

antequam(indeclinable)

before
(indeclinable)

46

aperio(aperire, aperui, apertum)

open,
(aperire, aperui, apertus)

47

1appareo(apparere, apparui)

appear
(apparere, apparui)

48

appropinquo(1) (+dat) appropinquare, appropinquavi

approach,
(appropinquare, appropinquavi +dat)

49

apud(+acc)

at, at the house of, among, inear
(+acc)

50

aqua, aquae,f.

water
(aquae,f)

51

1aquila(aquilae, f)

eagle, standard
(aquilae, f)

52

1ara(arae, f)

altar
(arae, f)

53

arbor, arboris, f.

tree
(arboris, f)

54

arcesso(arcessere, arcessivi, arcessitum)

summon, send for
(arcessere, arcessivi, arcessitus)

55

argentum,argenti, n.

silver, money
(argenti, n)

56

arma(armorum, n. pl.

arms, weapons,
(armorum, n pl)

57

ars(artis, f.

art, skill
(artis, f)

58

ascendo(ascendere, ascendi, ascensum)

climb
(ascendere, ascendi, ascensus)

59

at(indeclinable)

but
(indeclinable)

60

1attonitus(attonita, attonitum)

astonished, thunder-struck
(attonita, attonitum)

61

audax( gen. audacis)

bold,daring, recklessness
(audacis)

62

audeo(audere, ausus sum)

dare
(audere, ausus sum)

63

audio (4) (audire, audivi, auditus)

hear,
(audire, audivi, auditus)

64

1aufero

take away, carry off, steal

65

augeo(augere, auxi, auctum)

increase,
(augere, auxi, auctus)

66

aut

or

67

autem

but, however, moreover

68

auxilium(auxilii, n.

help, (pl) auxiliary troops
(auxilii, n)

69

bellum(belli, n)

war
(belli, n)

70

bene(indeclinable)

well
(indeclinable)

71

1beneficium(beneficii, n)

kindness, service, favour
(beneficii, n)

72

1bis(indeclinable)

twice
(indeclinable)

73

1bona(bonorum, n pl)

goods, possessions, property
(bonorum, n pl)

74

bonus -a -um

good

75

brevis -is -e

short,

76

cado (cadere,cecidi,casum)

fall

77

1caedes (caedis,f)

slaughter,killing,murder

78

caelum(caeli, n)

sky, heaven

79

campus(campi,m.

plain, level surface

80

canis(canis, m

dog

81

cano(canere,cecini,cantum)

sing,

82

capio(capere,cepi,captum)

take,get, seize, contain

83

captivus(captivi, m)

captive, prisoner

84

caput(capitis, n)

head,

85

carus(cara,carum)

dear

86

castra(castrorum, n pl)

camp

87

1causa(causae, f)

cause, reason, case

88

1causa(+gen)

for the sake of

89

caveo(cavere,cavi,cautum)

beware(of)

90

cedo(cedere,cessi,cessum)

yield,depart

91

celer(celeris,celere)

swift

92

celo(1) celare,celavi,celatus)

hide

93

centurio(centurionis, m.)

centurion

94

cerno(cernere, crevi, cretum)

see, perceive,

95

1certamen (certaminis, n)

contest, battle, struggle

96

certus(certa, certum)

certain, sure, fixed

97

1certus(certiorem facere)

inform

98

ceterus -a -um

remaining, the rest

99

cibus (cibi, m)

food

100

1cingo(cingere,cinxi,cinctus)

surround

101

circum, (adv. and prep. +acc)

around, about (of place)

102

civis (civis, c.

citizen

103

civitas (civitatis, f)

state, country

104

clades (cladis, f)

disaster, , defeat

105

1clam (indeclinable)

secretly

106

clamo(1) (clamare, clamavi, clamatus)

shout

107

clamor (clamoris, m)

shout (uproar, noise)

108

clarus (clara, clarum)

clear, famous, distinct

109

coepi (perf.)

I began

110

cogito(1) (cogitare, cogitavi, cogitatus)

think,

111

cognosco (cognoscere, cognovi, cognitus)

(in perf.) know, find out, learn

112

cogo (cogere, coegi, coactum)

collect, compel, force

113

cohors(cohortis, f)

cohort

114

colo(colere, colui, cultum)

cultivate, worship, tend

115

1comes(comitis, m and f)

comrade, companion

116

1committo(committere,commisi,commissus)

commit, fight, begin (battle)

117

1comparo(comparare,comparavi,comperatus)

prepare, provide, obtain, compare

118

1condemno(condemnare, condemnavi,condemnatus)

convict, condemn

119

1condo(condere, condidi, conditus)

found, establish, hide

120

1confero(conferre, contuli, conlatus)

collect, compare, contribute, bestow

121

conficio(conficere, confeci, confectum)

construct, carry through, complete

122

1confido(confidere, confisus sum+dat)

trust, believe, have confidence

123

coniunx(coniugis, c.)

husband, wife,

124

conor(1) (conari, conatus sum)

try

125

consilium(consilii, n)

plan, decision, policy

126

consisto(consistere, constiti, constitum)

halt, take up position

127

conspicio(conspicere, conspexi, conspectum)

catch sight of

128

1constituo(constituere, constitui, constitutus)

decide, establish

129

consul(consulis, m)

consul

130

1consulo(consulere, consului, consultus)

consult, consider, advise

131

1consumo(consumere, consumpsi, consumptus)

eat,consume,spend

132

contendo(contendere, contendi, contentum)

hurry, march, contend, strive

133

contra(+acc)

against

134

copiae(copiarum, f pl)

troops, forces,

135

1corpus(corporis, n)

body

136

1corripio(corripere, corripui, correptus)

seize, carry off

137

1cotidie(indeclinable)

every day, daily

138

cras(indeclinable)

tomorrow

139

credo(credere, credidi, creditum (+dat)

believe, entrust

140

crimen -inis n

charge, crime

141

1crudelis(crudele)

cruel

142

culpa(culpae, f)

blame

143

cum(indeclinable)

when, since, although

144

cum (+abl)

with

145

1cunctus(cuncta,cunctum)

all, whole

146

cupidus(cupida,cupidum (+gen)

eager, desirous

147

cupio(cupere,cupivi,cupitum)

desire

148

cur

why?

149

cura -ae f.

care, anxiety, concern

150

curo (1) (curare,curavi,curatus)

care for, attend to, see to it that

151

curro(currere,cucurri,cursum)

run

152

custodio (4) (custodire,custodivi,custoditus)

guard, protect,preserve

153

custos(custodis, m.

guard

154

de(+abl)

concerning, from, down from

155

dea( deae,f)

goddess

156

deus(dei,m)

god

157

debeo(2) debere,debui,debitus)

owe ,ought to, have to

158

1decipio(decipere,decepi,deceptus)

deceive

159

defendo(defendere,defendi,defensum)

defend

160

1defessus(defessa,defessum)

tired

161

deinde

then,next,

162

deleo delere delevi deletum

destroy

163

denique

finally, at last, in short

164

descendo -scendere -scendi -scensum

go down

165

1desino(desinere,desii,desitus)

cease

166

1despero(desperare,desperavi,desperatus)

despair

167

dexter -tra -trum (or -tera -terum)

right, on the right

168

dextra (or dextera) -ae f.

right hand, on the right

169

dico dicere dixi dictum

say,speak,

170

dies(diei,m,or f)

day (m.), set day, date

171

difficilis -is -e

difficult

172

1dignitas(dignitatis,f)

rank,dignity,importance,honour

173

dignus(digna,dignum)

worthy(of)

174

1diligens(diligentis)

careful, diligent

175

1dimitto(dimittere,dimisi,dimissus)

dismiss,scatter

176

1dirus(dira,dirum)

dreadful

177

1discedo(discedere,discessi)

depart, leave

178

malo

prefer

179

volo

want

180

nolo

don't want

181

disco (discere, didici)

learn

182

dissimilis -is -e (+ gen. or dat.)

unlike

183

diu

for a long time

184

1dives (divitis)

rich

185

1divitiae (divitiarum)

riches, wealth

186

divido -videre -visi -visum

divide,

187

do (dare, dedi, datum)

give

188

doceo (docere, docui, doctum)

teach,

189

1doleo (dolere, dolui)

hurt, be in pain, lament

190

1dolor (doloris)

pain, sorrow, anger

191

1dolus, doli, m

trick, fraud

192

dominus, domini, m.

master, lord

193

domus -us, f

house, home

194

donum, doni, n

gift, present

195

1dormio, dormire, dormivi

sleep

196

dubito, (1) (dubitare, dubitavi, dubitatus)

doubt

197

divido -videre -visi -visum

doubtful

198

duco, ducere, duxi, ductum

lead, take

199

dum

while, as long as, provided that

200

durus -a -um

hard,

201

1dux, ducis, m

leader, general, ruler

202

e, ex (+abl)

from, out of,

203

1efficio, efficere, effeci, effectus

carry out, accomplish

204

1effugio, effugere, effugi

escape

205

1egeo, egere, egui (+gen or abl)

need, be in want of, lack

206

ego,

I

207

egredior -gredi -gressus sum

go out, disembark, leave

208

emo emere emi emptum

buy

209

enim

for, because

210

eo

to there

211

eo, ire, ivi (or ii), itum

go

212

epistula, epistulae, f..

letter

213

eques, equitis, m.

horseman,

214

equus, equi, m.

horse

215

1erga (+acc)

towards

216

1ergo

therefore

217

erro (1) errare, erravi erratus

wander, go wrong, make a mistake

218

et

and,

219

etiam

also, even,

220

1etsi

although

221

1excipio, excipere, excepi, exceptus

receive, take, welcome

222

1excito, excitare, excitavi, excitatus

wake, rouse, excite

223

exemplum -i n.

example,

224

exercitus -us m.

army

225

exilium -i n.

exile, banishment

226

1exitium, exitii, n

ruin, destruction

227

exspecto, exspectare, exspectavi, exspectatus

wait, await, expect

228

1extra (+acc)

outside, beyond

229

facilis, facilis, facile

easy

230

1facinus, facinoris, n

crime, outrage, deed

231

facio, facere, feci, factum

make, do

232

fallo fallere fefelli falsum

deceive, cheat, go unnoticed

233

fama, famae, f

report, rumour, fame, reputation

234

1familia, familiae, f

family, household

235

1faveo, favere, favi, +dat

favour, support

236

felix, (gen. felicis)

fortunate, lucky, successful

237

femina, feminae, f

woman

238

fero, ferre, tuli, latum

bring, carry, endure

239

ferox (gen. ferocis)

fierce, bold

240

1ferrum, ferri, n

iron, sword

241

festino,(1) festinare, festinavi

hurry

242

fidelis, fidelis, fidele

faithful

243

fides -ei f.

trust, confidence, faith, loyalty

244

1fido, fidere, fisus sum

trust, rely-upon

245

filia, filiae, f.

daughter

246

filius, filii, m

son

247

fines, finium, m.pl.

boundarries, territory

248

fio, fieri,

become, be made, happen

249

1flamma, flammae, f

blaze,flame, passion

250

flumen, fluminis, n

river

251

1fodio, fodere, fodi, fossus

dig

252

1foedus, foederis, n

treaty, agreement

253

1fortasse

perhaps

254

forte

by chance

255

fortis, fortis, forte

brave, strong,

256

fortuna, fortunae, f

chaance, fortune

257

forum, fori, n.

forum, market place

258

1fossa, fossae, f

ditch, trench

259

frango frangere fregi fractum

break

260

frater, fratris, m

brother

261

frigus, frigoris, n

cold

262

frumentum, frumenti, n

corn, grain

263

frustra,

in vain

264

fuga, fugae, f

flight, escape

265

fugio, fugere, fugi, fugitum

flee,escape, keep away from

266

fundo fundere fudi fusum

pour, scatter, rout

267

1furor, furoris, m

rage, fury, madness, passion

268

gaudeo, gaudere, gavisus sum

rejoice, be glad

269

gaudium -i n.

joy,

270

gens, gentis, f

people, clan, tribe

271

1genus, generis, n

race, descent, birth, kind

272

gero, gerere, gessi, gestum

wear, carry on, conduct

273

gladius, gladii, m

sword

274

gratia, gratiae,f

favour, thanks, esteem

275

gratias ago

thank, give thanks

276

gravis -is -e

heavy, serious

277

habeo (2), habere, habui, habitus

have, hold, consider

278

1habito, habitare, habitavi, habitatus

live, dwell

279

hasta, hastae, f

spear

280

haud

not

281

heri

yesterday

282

1hiberna, hibernorum, n pl

winter quarters

283

hic, haec, hoc

this

284

hic

here

285

hiems, hiemis, f.

winter

286

hinc

from here

287

hodie

today

288

homo, hominis, m

man, human being

289

1honor, honoris, m

honour, esteem, glory

290

hora, horae, f

hour

291

hortor, (1) hortari, hortatus sum

urge, encourage

292

1hospes, hospitis, m

guest, host

293

hostis -is c.

enemy

294

huc

to here

295

humus, humi, f

ground,

296

1iaceo, iacere, iacui

lie (down)

297

iacio, iacere, ieci, iactum

throw

298

iam

now, by now, already

299

1non iam

no longer

300

ibi

there,

301

idem, eadem, idem

the same

302

1idoneus, idonea, idoneum

suitable, convenient

303

igitur

therefore,

304

ignis -is m.

fire

305

ignoro,(1) ignorare, ignoravi, ignoratus

not to know

306

ille, illa, illud

that,

307

illic

there

308

impedio,(4) impedire, impedivi, impeditus

hinder

309

imperator, imperatoris, m.

emperor, general

310

imperium, imperii, n

command, power, empire

311

impero,(1) (+dat) imperare, imperavi, imperatus +dat

order,

312

impetus -us, m.

charge attack

313

in +abl

in, on

314

in +acc

into, against,

315

incendium -i n.

fire

316

incendo -cendere -cendi -censum

burn, set fire to

317

incipio -cipere -cepi -ceptum

begin

318

1incito, incitare, incitavi, incitatus

urge on, arouse, encourage

319

inde

from there, then

320

1infero, inferre, intuli, illatus/inlatus

inflict, bring to, cause, carry against

321

1signa inferre

attack, charge

322

1bellum inferre

make war on

323

1infra

below

324

ingenium -i n.

character, mind, intellect, talent, genius

325

ingens, (gen. ingentis)

huge, vast

326

1ingredior, ingredi, ingressus sum

enter, undertake

327

1inimicus, inimici, m

(personal) enemy

328

iniquus -a -um

uneven, unequal, adverse, unjust

329

initium -i n.

beginning

330

1iniuria, iniuriae, f

injustice, injury, wrong

331

1inopia, inopiae, f

shortage, lack, poverty

332

inquit

he says, he said

333

insidiae, insidiarum, f pl

ambush, plot, treachery

334

insignis, insignis, insigne

distinguished, remarkable

335

1inspicio, inspicere, inspexi, inspectus

look at, inspect, examine

336

1instruo, instruere, instruxi, instructus

draw up, prepare, equip, supply

337

insula, insulae, f

island, block of flats

338

intellego, intellegere, intellexi, intellectum

understand, perceive, realise

339

inter (+ acc.)

between, among,

340

interea

meanwhile,

341

interficio, interficere, interfeci, interfectum

kill

342

intro, (1) intrare, intravi, intratus

enter

343

invenio, invenire, inveni, inventum

find,

344

1invito, invitare, invitavi, invitatus

invite

345

invitus -a -um

unwilling

346

ipse, ipsa, ipsum

himself, herself, itself

347

ira, irae, f

anger

348

iratus, irata, iratum

angry

349

is, ea, id

that, he, she, it

350

ita

so, thus

351

1ita vero

yes

352

itaque

and so, therefore

353

iter, itineris, n

journey, march, route

354

iterum

again

355

iubeo, iubere, iussi, iussum

order,

356

iudex, iudicis, m

judge, member of jury

357

iungo iungere iunxi iunctum

join, unite, yoke

358

iustus, iusta, iustum

right, just,

359

iuvenis -is m.

young man,

360

iuvo iuvare iuvi iutum

help, delight

361

1labor, labi, lapsus sum

glide, slip, fall

362

labor, laboris, m

work, effort, hardship

363

laboro (1) laborare, laboravi, laboratus

work, be in difficulty

364

laedo laedere, laesi, laesum

hurt,

365

laetus, laeta, laetum

happy, glad

366

latus, lata, latum

wide, broad

367

1latus, lateris, n

side, wing

368

laudo, (1) laudare, laudavi, laudatus

praise

369

laus, laudis, f

praise

370

legatus, legati, m

representative, ambassador, officer

371

legio, legionis, f

legion

372

lego, legere, legi, lectum

read,choose, collect, pick

373

lentus -a -um

slow, pliant

374

lex, legis, f

law

375

1libens, libentis

willing, glad

376

liber, libera, liberum

free

377

liber, libri, m

book

378

liberi, liberorum, m pl

children

379

libero, (1) liberare, liberavi, liberatus

free, release

380

libertas -atis f.

freedom

381

1libertus, liberti, m

freedman, ex-slave

382

licet licere licuit (or licitum est) (+ dat.)

it is allowed

383

litterae -arum f.pl.

letter (epistle)

384

litus -oris n.

shore, cost

385

locus, loci, m

place,

386

longus, longa, longum

long

387

loquor, loqui, locutus sum

speak,

388

lux, lucis, f

light, daylight

389

1magister, magistri, m

teacher, master

390

magnus, magna, magnum

big, great

391

magnopere

very much, greatly

392

1magis

more, rather

393

malo malle malui

prefer

394

malus, mala, malum

bad

395

1mando, mandare, mandavi, mandatus

commit, entrust, command

396

mane

in the morning (early)

397

maneo, manere, mansi, mansum

remain, stay, continue, await

398

manus, manus, f

hand, body of men

399

mare, maris, n

sea

400

mater, matris, f

mother

401

medius, media, medium

middle, in the middle

402

mens, mentis, f

mind, intention

403

mensis -is m.

month

404

1mercator, mercatoris, m

merhant

405

1metus, metus, m

fear

406

1meus, mea, meum

my

407

miles, militis, m

soldier

408

minor (1) (+ dat.)

threaten

409

1mirabilis, mirabile

strange, wonderful

410

miror (1) , mirari, miratus sum

be amazed at, admire

411

miser, misera, miserum

miserable, wretched

412

mitto, mittere, misi, missum

send,

413

1modo

just now, only

414

modus, modi, m

manner, way,

415

moenia -ium n.pl.

town walls, fortifications

416

moneo (2), monere, monui, monitus

warn, advise

417

mons, montis, m

mountain

418

1monstro, monstrare, monstravi, monstratus

show, point out, indicate, instruct

419

morbus, morbi, m

disease

420

morior, mori, mortuus sum

die

421

mors, mortis, f

death

422

moror,(1) morari, moratus sum

delay, check

423

mora, morae, f

delay

424

moveo,movere, movi, motum

move (trtans.)

425

mox,

soon

426

mulier, mulieris, f

woman

427

multitudo, multitudinis, f

crowd, large number

428

multus, multa, multum

much, many

429

1munio, munire, munivi, munitus

fortify, defend, guard

430

1munus, muneris, n

service, duty, present

431

murus, muri, m.

wall,

432

muto,(1) mutare, mutavi, mutatus

change,

433

nam,

for, because

434

narro,(1) narrare, narravi, narratus

tell, relate

435

nascor, nasci, natus sum

be born

436

1natura, naturae, f

nature

437

nauta, nautae, m.

sailor

438

navigo,(1) navigare, navigavi

sail

439

navis, navis, f

ship

440

1navis longa

worship

441

1navis oneraria

merchant ship

442

1-ne

(introduces question)

443

1ne

lest, that not

444

nec, neque

and not, nor, neither

445

1necesse

necessary

446

neco, (1)necare, necavi, necatus

kill

447

1neglego, neglegere, neglexi, neglectus

neglect, disregard

448

nego, (1) negare, negavi, negatus

deny, say that...not

449

negotium, negotii, n

business

450

nemo, (neminem, nullius, nemini, nulo)

nobody

451

1nescio, nescire, nescivi

not know

452

nihil, nil

nothing

453

nisi

unless, if not, except

454

nobilis, nobilis, nobile

noble

455

noceo (2) (+ dat.) , nocere, nocui +dat

hurt, harm

456

nolo, nolle, nolui

not want, be unwilling

457

nomen, nominis, n

name

458

non,

not

459

nondum

not yet

460

nonne?

surely?

461

1nonnulli, nonnullae, nonnulla

some, several

462

nos,

we

463

noster, nostra, nostrum

our

464

1notus, nota, notum

known, well-known, famous

465

1novi, notus

know

466

novus, nova, novum

new,

467

nox, noctis, f

night

468

1noctu

by night

469

nullus, nulla, nullum

none,

470

num

surely...not (direct question)?, whether, if (in indirect question)

471

numerus, numeri, m

number

472

numquam, nunquam

never

473

1nunc

now

474

nuntio, nuncio (1) nuntiare, nuntiavi, nuntiatus

announce

475

1nuntius, nuntii, m

messenger, message, news

476

ob, +acc

because of, on account of

477

obliviscor, oblivisci, oblitus sum (+ gen.)

forget

478

obses, obsidis m and f

hostage

479

obsideo, obsidere, obsedi, obsessum

besiege,

480

obviam eo, ire, i(v)i +dat

meet, go to meet, oppose, resist

481

occasio, occasionis, f

opportunity, occasion

482

occido, occidere, occidi, occisum

kill

483

occupo (1), occupare, occupavi, occupatus

seize,

484

oculus, oculi, m

eye

485

1odi, odisse

hate

486

1odium, odii, n

hatred

487

1odio est + dat

be hated by

488

1offero,offere, obtuli, oblatus

present, offer

489

1officium, officii, n

duty, task, function

490

1olim

once, formerly, one day

491

1omitto, omittere, omisi, omissus

neglect, disregard, make no mention of

492

omnis, omnis, omne

all, every

493

1omnino

altogether, at all, entirely

494

onus, oneris,n

burden

495

1opera, operae, f

work, effort, attention, trouble

496

1operam do

i take pains, give attention (to)

497

1oportet, oportere, oportuit

be necessary, ought, must

498

oppidum, oppidi, n

town

499

opportunus, opportuna, opportunum

suitable, opportune

500

opprimo, opprimere, oppressi, oppressus

overwhelm, crush, weigh down

501

oppugno, (1) oppugnare, oppugnavi, oppugnatus

attack, assault

502

1(ops), opis, f

help; (pl) resources, riches

503

opus, operis, n

task, job, work

504

opus est esse, fuit + abl (impersonal)

there is need (of)

505

ora, orae, f

coast, shore, region

506

oratio -onis f.

speech

507

1ordo, ordinis, m

rank, order, line

508

orior oriri ortus sum

rise, spring from

509

orno (1), ornare, ornavi, ornatus

adorn, decorate, equip

510

oro (1), orare, oravi, oratus

beg, pray, ask

511

os, oris, n.

mouth, face

512

ostendo, ostendere, ostendi, ostentum

show

513

1otium, otii, n

leisure, idleness, peace

514

paene

almost

515

1palam

openly

516

par (gen. paris)

equal, like

517

parco parcere peperci parsum (+ dat.)

spare

518

1parens, parentis, m and f

parent; (pl)relations

519

pareo (2) (+ dat.)

obey

520

1pario, parere, peperi. partus

win, acquire, gain, secure

521

paro, (1) parare, paravi, paratus

prepare, acquire

522

pars, partis, f

part

523

parvus, parva, parvum

small

524

1passim

in all directions, far and wide

525

1passus, passus, m

pace

526

1mille passus

mile

527

pater, patris, m

father

528

patior, pati, passus sum

suffer, endure, allow

529

patria, patriae, f

fatherland, one's country

530

pauci, paucae,pauca

few

531

1paulatim

gradually, little by little

532

1paulisper

for a short time

533

paulo, paulum (adv.)

a little,

534

1pauper, pauperis

poor

535

pax, pacis, f

peace

536

pecunia, pecuniae, f

money

537

pedes -itis m.

foot-soldier, infantryman

538

pello, pellere, pepuli, pulsum

push, drive, drive away, dispel

539

per, (+acc)

through, by means of

540

perdo, perdere, perdidi, perditum

destroy, lose, ruin

541

pereo, perire, perii, peritum

die, perish

542

1perficio, perficere, perfeci, perfectus

bring about, complete, perfect

543

periculum, periculi, n

danger

544

1peritus, perita, peritum +gen or abl

skilled (in)

545

permitto -mittere -misi -missum

allow, entrust

546

1persuadeo, persuadere, persuasi + dat

persuade, convince

547

1perterritus, perterrita, perterritum

very frightened

548

pervenio, pervenire, perveni, perventum

arrive

549

pes, pedis, m

foot

550

peto, petere, petivi (or petii) petitum

seek, ask, aim at, make for

551

1pilum, pili, n

javelin

552

1placet, placere, placuit + dat

it pleases, suits, it is resolved

553

1plebs, plebis, f

the people, common people

554

plenus, plena, plenum (+gen)

full,

555

plerique, pleraeque, pleraque

most, very many

556

poena, poenae, f

punishment,

557

1poenas do

pay the penalty, am punishmed

558

polliceor, polliceri, pollicitus sum

promise

559

pono, ponere, posui, positum

put, place, put aside

560

pons, pontis, m

bridge

561

populus, populi, m

the people, a people, nation

562

porta, portae, f

gate

563

porto, (1) portare, portavi, portatus

carry,

564

portus, portus, m

harbour, port

565

1posco, poscere, poposci

demand, ask for

566

possum, posse, potui

can, be able

567

post, (adv. and prep. +acc)

behind, after

568

1post

afterwards, next

569

postea (adv.)

afterwards

570

postquam (conj.)

after,

571

1postremus, postrema, postremum

last

572

1postridie

on the next day

573

1postulo, postulare, postulavi, postulatus

demand, ask

574

1potens, potentis

powerful

575

1potestas, potestatis, f

power, authority, opportunity

576

1potior, potiri, potitus sum + gen or abl

seize, get possession of

577

1potius

rather, more

578

1praebeo, praebere, praebui, praebitus

provide, give, show, offer

579

praeda, praedae, f

booty, plunder, prey

580

praemium, praemii, n

prize, reward

581

1praeficio, praeficere, praefeci, praefectus

put in charge of

582

praesidium, praesidii, n

defense garrison

583

1praesum, praeesse, praefui +dat

be in charge of

584

1praeter, +acc

beyond, except, besides

585

praeterea

besides

586

aedes, aedium f.pl

house

587

accuso (1)

accuse

588

aeger -gra -grum

ill, sick

589

aestas -atis f.

summer

590

aetas -atis f.

age

591

agricola -ae m.

farmer

592

appello (1)

call

593

armo (1)

arm

594

atque, ac

and

595

aurum -i n.

gold

596

aut

or

597

autem

but, however, moreover

598

barbarus -a -um

foreign, barbarian

599

canto (1)

sing

600

carmen -inis n.

song, poem

601

castra -orum n.pl.

camp

602

cena -ae f.

dinner

603

classis -is f.

fleet

604

cogito (1)

think

605

cohors -ortis f.

cohort

606

cor cordis n.

heart

607

cresco crescere crevi cretum

grow, increase

608

culpo (1)

blame

609

digitus -i m.

finger

610

dono (1)

give, present with

611

dulcis -is -e

sweet pleasant

612

ecce

look!

613

edo edere edi esum

eat

614

fabula -ae f.

story

615

fatum -i n.

fate, destiny

616

fessus -a -um

tired, weary

617

finis -is m.

boundary, limit, end

618

fleo flere flevi fletum

weep, cry

619

flos floris m.

flower

620

fortiter

bravely

621

gloria -ae f.

glory

622

hortus -i m.

garden

623

huc

to here

624

humanus -a -um

human, kind, humane

625

illinc

from there

626

illuc

to there

627

incola -ae c.

inhabitant

628

incolo (3)

inhabit

629

interim

meanwhile

630

irascor irasci iratus sum (+ dat.)

become angry

631

iste ista istud

that; he, she, it

632

iudicium -i n

judgement

633

iudico (1)

judge

634

ius, iuris n.

law, right

635

leo leonis m.

lion

636

lingua -ae f.

tongue, language

637

ludo ludere lusi lusum

play

638

ludus -1 m.

game, public games, school

639

luna -ae f.

moon

640

lux, lucis f.

light

641

mensa -ae f.

table

642

mirus -a -um

wonderful

643

nato (1)

swim

644

nuper

recently, lately

645

nusquam

nowhere

646

onus oneris n.

burden

647

pectus -oris n.

breast, chest, heart

648

placeo placere placui placitum (+ dat.)

please

649

pontus -i m.

sea

650

praetor -oris m.

praetor

651

primus -a -um

first

652

princeps principis m.

chief, leader, emperor

653

prior (gen. prioris)

former, earlier, previous

654

prius (adv.)

previously, before

655

priusquam (conj.)

before

656

procul

far away

657

prodo prodere prodidi proditum

betray, make known, transmit

658

proelium -i n.

battle

659

proficiscor -ficisci -fectus sum

set out, start

660

progredior, -gredi -gressus sum

advance

661

prope (adv. and prep. + acc.)

near

662

propero (1)

hurry

663

publicus -a -um

public

664

puella -ae f.

girl

665

puer pueri m.

boy

666

pugna -ae f.

fight

667

pugno (1)

fight

668

pulcher -chra -chrum

beautiful

669

punio (4)

punish

670

puto (1)

think

671

quaero quaerere quaesivi quaesitum

seek, procure, ask

672

qualis -is -e

of what kind

673

quando

when

674

quantus -a -um

how great, how much

675

que

and

676

qui quae quod

who, which

677

quidam quaedam quoddam

a, a certain person or thing

678

quidem

indeed, certainly

679

quis quis quid

who, which, what (in qu.)

680

quod

because

681

quomodo

how

682

quoque

also

683

quot

how many

684

quotiens

how many times, how often

685

rapio rapere rapui raptum

seize, snatch, carry off

686

reddo reddere reddidi redditum

give back, restore

687

redeo redire redii (or redivi) reditum

go back, return.

688

regina -ae f.

queen

689

regnum -i n

kingdom

690

rego regere rexi rectum

rule

691

relinquo -linquere -liqui -lictum

leave, leave behind

692

reliquus -a -um

remaining, the rest

693

res rei f.

thing, affair, matter, event

694

res publica, rei publicae

the state, republic

695

resisto -sistere -stiti (+ dat.)

resist

696

respondeo -spondere -spondi -sponsum

reply, answer

697

rex regis m.

king

698

rideo ridere risi risum

laugh

699

ripa -ae f.

bank (of river)

700

rogo (1)

ask

701

rumpo rumpere rupi ruptum

break, burst (trans.)

702

rursus

again

703

saepe

often

704

saevus -a -um

cruel, savage

705

sagitta -ae f.

arrow

706

sanguis sanguinis m.

blood

707

sapiens (gen. sapientis)

wise

708

satis

enough

709

saxum -i n.

stone, rock

710

scio scire scivi scitum

know

711

scribo scribere scripsi scriptum

write

712

scutum -i n.

shield

713

se (sui sibi se)

himself, herself, itself, themselves

714

sed

but`

715

sedeo sedere sedi sessum

sit

716

semper

always

717

senator -oris m.

senator

718

senatus -us m.

senate

719

senex senis m.

old man

720

sentio sentire sensi sensum

feel, perceive, experience, think

721

sequor sequi secutus sum

follow

722

servio servire servii servitum (+ dat.)

serve, be a slave

723

servo (1)

save, protect, keep

724

servus -i m.

slave

725

si

if

726

sic

thus

727

signum -i n.

sign, signal, battle-standard

728

silentium -i n.

silence

729

silva -ae f.

wood, forest

730

similis -is -e (+ gen. or dat.)

like, similar

731

simul

at the same time

732

simul ac, simul atque

as soon as

733

sine (+ abl.)

without

734

sino sinere sivi situm

allow

735

socius -i m.

friend, ally

736

sol solis m.

sun

737

soleo solere solitus sum

be in the habit of, be accustomed to

738

solum

only

739

solus -a -um

alone, only

740

somnus -i m.

sleep

741

sonus -i m.

sound, noise

742

soror sororis f.

sister

743

spero (1)

hope

744

spes spei f.

hope

745

statim

immediatly

746

statuo statuere statui statutum

set up, establish, decide

747

sto stare steti statum

stand

748

stultus -a -um

foolish, stupid

749

sub (+ acc.)

up to

750

sub (+abl.)

under

751

subito

suddenly

752

subitus -a -um

sudden

753

subsidium -i n.

help, support, reserve troops

754

sum esse fui

be

755

surgo surgere surrexi surrectum

rise, get up

756

suus -a -um

his (own), hers, its, their

757

taceo tacere tacui tacitum

be quiet, say nothing

758

talis -is -e

such, of such a kind

759

tam

so

760

tamen

but, however

761

tandem

at last, finally

762

tango tangere tetigi tactum

touch

763

tantus -a -um

so great, so much

764

tectum -i n.

roof, house, building

765

telum -i n.

weapon, javelin

766

templum -i n.

temple

767

tempus temporis n.

time

768

teneo tenere tenui tentum

have, hold

769

terra -ae f.

earth, land

770

terreo (2)

frighten

771

timeo (2)

fear, be afraid

772

tot

so many

773

totiens

so many times, so often

774

totus -a -um

all, whole, entire

775

trado tradere tradidi traditum

hand over, hand down

776

traho trahere traxi tractum

pull, drag

777

trans (+ acc.)

across, over, beyond

778

tristis -is -e

sad, gloomy

779

tu

you

780

tum, tunc

then

781

tutus -a -um

safe

782

tuus -a -um

your

783

ubi

where

784

ullus -a -um

any

785

umquam, unquam

ever

786

una

together

787

unde

from where

788

undique

from all sides, on all sides

789

unus -a -um

one

790

urbs urbis f.

city

791

ut, uti

so that, when, as, how

792

uter utra utrum

which (of two)

793

uxor uxoris f.

wife

794

vale, valete

goodbye, farewell

795

validus -a -um

strong

796

vasto (1)

ravage, lay waste

797

vastus -a -um

enormous, vast

798

vel, -ve

or

799

veho vehere vexi vectum

carry

800

vendo vendere vendidi venditum

sell

801

venio venire veni ventum

come

802

ventus -i m.

wind

803

verbum -i n.

`word

804

verto vertere verti versum

turn

805

verus -a -um

true

806

vester -tra -trum

your

807

veto vetare vetui vetitum

forbid, tell not to

808

via -ae f.

road, street, way

809

victor -oris m.

conqueror, winner

810

victoria -ae f.

victory

811

vicus -i m.

village

812

video videre vidi visum

see

813

vinco vincere vici victum

conquer, beat, win

814

vir viri m.

man

815

virtus virtutis f. `

courage, virtue

816

vita -ae f.

life

817

vito (1)

avoid

818

vivo vivere vixi victum

live

819

vivus -a -um

alive

820

vix

hardly, scarcely

821

voco (1)

call

822

volo velle volui

want, wish

823

vos

you

824

vox vocis f.

voice

825

vulnus -eris n.

wound