Flashcards in vocab ch 2 Deck (21)
one of the small bodies in cell's cytoplasm that are specialized to perform a specific function
a membrane bound organelle that controls the activities of the cell.
- an organism that consists of a single cell that does not have a nucleus.
an organism made up of cells that have a nucleus enclosed by a membrane; eukaryotes include animals, plants, and fungi, but not archaea or bacteria.
in biology, the smallest unit that can perform all life processes; cells are covered by a membrane and have DNA and cytoplasm.
a rigid structure that surrounds the cell membrane and provides support to the cell.
cell organelle composed of RNA and protein; the site of protein synthesis.
a system of membranes that is found in a cell's cytoplasm and that assists in the production, processing, and transport of proteins and in the production of lipids..
cell organelle that helps make and package materials to be transported out of the cell.
a small cavity or sac that contains materials in a eukaryotic cell.
a cell organelle that contains digestive enzymes.
deoxyribonucleic acid, a molecule that is present in all living cells and that determines the traits that a living thing inherits and needs to live
organelles in plant and algae cells in which photosynthesis takes place
- in eukaryotic cells, the cell organelle that is surrounded by 2 membranes and that is the site of cellular respiration.
a group of similar cells that perform a common function
a collection of tissues that carry out a specialized function of the body
- a group of organs that work together to perform body functions.
living thing; anything that can carry out life processes independently.
the special, normal, or proper activity of an organ or part.
the arrangement of parts in an organism