Chapter 18 vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 18 vocab Deck (18)
1

non-renewable resource

resource that forms at a rate that is much slower that the rate at which it is consumed.

2

natural resource

any natural material that is used by humans, such as water, petroleum, minerals, forests, and animals

3

recycling

the process of recovering valuable or useful materials from waste or scrap; the process of reusing some items.

4

fossil fuel

a nonrenewable energy resource formed from the remains of organisms that lived long ago; examples include oil, coal, and natural gas.

5

petroleum

a liquid mixture of complex hydrocarbon compounds; used widely as a fuel source

6

coal

a fossil fuel that forms underground from partially decomposed plant material

7

natural gas

a mixture of gaseous hydrocarbons located under the surface of the earth, often near petroleum deposits; used as fuel

8

acid precipitation

precipitation, such as rain, sleet, or snow, that contains a high concentration of acids, often because of the pollution of the atmosphere.

9

smog

photochemical haze that forms when sunlight acts on industrial pollutants and burning fuels

10

nuclear energy

the energy released by a fission or fusion reaction; the binding energy of the atomic nucleus

11

chemical energy

the energy released when a chemical compound reacts to produce new compounds

12

solar energy

the energy received by the earth from the sun in the form of radiation

13

wind power

the use of a windmill to drive an electric generator

14

renewable resource

- a natural resource that can be replaced at the same rate at which the resource is consumed.

15

biomass

organic matter that can be a source of energy

16

hydroelectric energy

electrical energy produced by falling water

17

Gasohol

a mixture of gasoline and alcohol that is used as a fuel

18

Geothermal energy

the energy produced by heat within the earth