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Flashcards in chapter 3 studYing Deck (19)
1

What is diffusion?

The movement of particles from regions of higher density to region of lower density.

2

At which step of the cell cycle does the Cytoplasm divides and a cell plate forms on the bottom of the cell ?

Cytokinesis

3

At which step of the cell cycle does the chromosomes become homologous chromosomes?

Metaphase

4

Active transport is the movement of substances from areas of ___ density to areas of ___ density; this (does; doesn't ) require the use of ATP energy

Low to high
does

5

Passive transport is the movement of substances from areas of ___ density to areas of ___ density; this (does; doesn't ) require the use of ATP energy

high to low
doesn't

6

what is the difference between animal and plant cell divison?

the plant cells forms a cell plate during cytokinesis

7

Osmosis and diffusion is an example of what?

Passive transport

8

What are the 3 stages of the cell cycle?

interphase
mitosis
cytokinesis

9

What are the 6 steps of the cell cycle?

Interphase
Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telophase
Cytokinesis

10

What are the 4 phases of mitosis?

Prophase
Metaphase
Anaphase
Telophase

11

How do prokaryotic cells reproduce?

through binary fission

12

How do Eukaryotic cells reproduce?

Through the cell cycle

13

How does a large particle get in a cell?

Endocytosis: the cell surrounds the particle until it becomes a part of the cell

14

How does a large particle get out of a cell?

Exocytosis: the cell pushes the particle to the cell membrane and shoots it out

15

what is the difference between a prokaryotic and a eukaryotic cell?

a nucleus is in the eukaryotic cell.

16

Dropping food coloring into water is an example of what?

Diffusion

17

food coloring carried by water into a plant, making it red, is an example of what?

Osmosis

18

what is a centromere?

the middle part of the chromosome that holds the 2 chromatids together.

19

A chromosome consists of ____ chromatids

2