Chapter 13 vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapter 13 vocab Deck (12)
1

element

a substance that cannot be separated or broken down into simpler substances by chemical means

2

compound

a substance made up of atoms of two or more different elements joined by chemical bonds.

3

crystal

a solid whose atoms, ions, or molecules are arranged in a definite pattern.

4

silicate mineral

a mineral that contains a combination of silicon, oxygen, and one or more metals.

5

non silicate mineral

a mineral that does not contain compounds of silicon and oxygen.

6

luster

the way in which a mineral reflects light

7

streak

the color of the powder of a mineral

8

cleavage

the splitting of a mineral along smooth, flat surfaces.

9

Fracture

the manner in which a mineral breaks along either curved or irregular surfaces

10

Hardness

a measure of the ability of a mineral to resist scratching

11

Density

the ratio of the mass of a substance to the volume of the substance.

12

mineral

a naturally formed, inorganic solid that has a definite crystalline structure