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Flashcards in vocab3 - Sheet1 Deck (464)
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151

jacquries

insurrection of peasants against the nobility in northeastern France in 1358—so named from the nobles' habit of referring contemptuously to any peasant as Jacques, or Jacques Bonhomme.

152

gabelloto

a person who rented farmland for short-term use. They were rural entrepreneurs who leased the lands from aristocrats more attracted ...

153

chiliastic

The doctrine of the millennium, the opinion that Christ will reign in bodily presence on earth for 1,000 years.

154

unregenrate

not reforming or showing repentance; obstinately wrong or bad.

155

exegetical

is a critical explanation or interpretation of a text, particularly a religious text.

156

maremma

an area of Italy bordering the Ligurian and Tyrrhenian Seas. It comprises part of southwestern Tuscany

157

bracero

a Mexican laborer allowed into the US for a limited time as a seasonal agricultural worker.

158

cantonalism

an insurrectionary movement which aims to divide the nation state into almost independent cantons.

It is in favor of federalism with a radical character (including redistribution of wealth, improvement of the working classes etc.), its goal is to establish a confederation of towns or cities (cantons) as a federation of independent units. It resembles in some ways to the Greek polis. Cantonalism was predominantly a phenomenon of the petty bourgeoisie, but also had a great influence on the nascent labor movement, and constituted a precedent for anarchism in Spain.

159

lazzari

Orphan; parentless person, shuffling between foster home,

160

parlous

full of danger or uncertainty; precarious.

161

sacerdotal

relating to priests or the priesthood; priestly.
THEOLOGY
relating to or denoting a doctrine that ascribes sacrificial functions and spiritual or supernatural powers to ordained priests.

162

operatic

extravagantly theatrical; overly dramatic.

163

orangeries

a greenhouse where orange trees are grown.

164

fasces

a bundle of rods with a projecting ax blade, carried by a lictor as a symbol of a magistrate's power, and used as an emblem of authority in Fascist Italy.

165

marl

losse, crumbly sedimentary rock or soil consisting of clay and lime, formerly used typically as fertilizer.

166

schist

a type of rock that can be broken into thin, flat pieces

167

madrepore

"mother of pores") is a genus of stony corals, often found forming reefs or islands in tropical locations.

168

tufa

a porous rock composed of calcium carbonate and formed by precipitation from water, e.g., around mineral springs.

169

seatangle

an edible brown seaweed that is a popular dietary supplement and traditional marine foodstuff in Korea

170

scoria

a cindery, vesicular basaltic lava, typically having a frothy texture.
slag separated from molten metal during smelting.

171

spicule

Sea sponge // any of various small needle-like anatomical structures occurring in organisms.

172

fucus

a genus of brown algae found in the intertidal zones of rocky seashores almost throughout the world.

173

matte

dull and flat, without a shine.

174

rhumbline

At high latitudes or for long voyages, the differences can be large. In those cases, the navigator generally breaks the great circle route into a series of short rhumb line courses so that the helmsman can be given a fixed course to steer for several hours or so.

175

taffrail

the upper part of the stern of a ship. 2. a rail above the stern of a ship.

176

guyot

an isolated underwater volcanic mountain

177

caisson

a structure used in underwater work, consisting of an airtight chamber, open at the bottom and containing air under sufficient pressure to exclude the water

178

occulting

A light in which the total duration of light in each period is clearly longer than the total duration of darkness and in which the intervals of darkness (occultations) are all of equal duration.

179

loom (light)

To come into view as a massive, distorted, or indistinct image

180

seadrome

a floating airdrome serving as an intermediate or emergency landing place for aircraft flying over water.