Week 1: Introduction and Main Definitions Flashcards Preview

Urban Inequality > Week 1: Introduction and Main Definitions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 1: Introduction and Main Definitions Deck (8):
1

Inequality

Unfair difference in access to resources, opportunities, social mobility

2

Majority and Minority

Groups based on race, ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation.

Majority - dominant
Minority - subordinate

3

Race

- social construct
- physical, not biological differences
- racial formation motivated by political interests
people treat race as "real"

4

Ethnicity

- social construct
- cultural similarities (nationality, language, religion)

5

Racism

- attitude, belief, behavior, or institutional arrangement that favors one racial or ethnic group
- can be intentional or unintentional

6

Types of Racism: Racial prejudice

- What are the 3 forms of racial prejudice?

Individual attitudes and beliefs (overgeneralized and not based on facts) that favor one group over another. Can be overt, explicit, subtle, or indirect.

3 forms:
- Cognitive: what a person believes to be true
- Affective: what a person likes or dislikes
- Conative: a person's tendency to behave

7

Types of Racism: Ideological Racism

The belief that some races are biologically, intellectually, or culturally superior. Science has been used to supposedly prove the inferiority of a race and justify domination.

Problems:
- Not neutral (scientist's race is always superior)
- Findings don't support claims and race is not defined on biological basis

8

Types of Racism: Individual and Institutional Discrimination

Individual Discrimination:
- individual behavior that leads to unequal treatment based on race or ethnicity

Institutional Discrimination:
- arrangements or practices of social institutions and organizations that favor one racial or ethnic group
- might be conscious, intentional, unconscious, or unintentional