Week 1: The State of Inequality in the U.S. Flashcards Preview

Urban Inequality > Week 1: The State of Inequality in the U.S. > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 1: The State of Inequality in the U.S. Deck (11):

Distribution of population by race/ethnicity in the U.S in 2010?

Non-Hispanic White: 64%
Black: 13%
Hispanic: 16%
Asian: 5%
American Indian: 0.9%


Change in distribution of race/ethnicity in the U.S. since 1960?

White - decreased
Hispanic - increased
Black - increased
Asian - increased



Assets, stocks, real estate

- important in breaking the cycle of poverty and inequality


Political representation

House of Representatives
Black: 9%
Hispanic: 5%

Overall Elected Officials
Black: 1.8%
Hispanic: 1%

2008 - First Black President Elected


Caste System

- rigid system, no social mobility
- status defined by birth: ASCRIBED STATUS
- defined by religion (e.g., India), race (e.g., South Africa)


Class System

- possibility of social mobility
- status defined by a person's actions: ACHIEVED STATUS
- everyone has the same chance of mobility


Paternalistic Race Relations


- similar to caste system, ascribed status
- paternalism: minority as helpless
- no competition between groups
- no conflict: punishment and (perceived) acceptance


Rigid Competitive Race Relations

(1880s-1960s Jim Crow Laws)

- ascribed status play large role
- more competition (jobs, housing)
- majority feels threatened, conflict between groups
- increased formal discrimination


Fluid Competitive Race Relations
(1960s - present)

- similar to class system
- formal discrimination is illegal
- high level of competition, more conflict and protests


Forms of initial contact

- Colonization
- Annexation (voluntary or involuntary), taking control of..
- Immigration (voluntary or involuntary)


Conditions for the development of inequality

- ethnocentrism: view one's own group as the norm (superior)
- competition or opportunity for exploitation
- unequal power