Week 4: Dynamics of Intergroup Inequality and Minority Group Responses Flashcards Preview

Urban Inequality > Week 4: Dynamics of Intergroup Inequality and Minority Group Responses > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 4: Dynamics of Intergroup Inequality and Minority Group Responses Deck (11):
1

Paternalistic To Rigid Competitive:
Paternalistic Race Relations (Slavery) --> Rigid Competitive Race Relations (Jim Crow Laws)

- Civil War, end of slavery
- shift from agricultural to industrial economy
- reconstruction: 13th, 14th, 15th Amendments
- competition for jobs
- reactionary measures: Ku Klux Klan, violence, laws demanding segregation
- Plessy v. Ferguson: "separate but equal" doctrine
- physical distance instead of social distance

2

Rigid Competitive

- high level of migration of Blacks, Europeans, and Asians to Northern cities
- intense prejudice, discrimination, and violence against minorities
- dual-wage systems
- minorities worked as strikebeakers
- legal discrimination (Jim Crow Laws)

3

Rigid to Fluid Competitive:
Rigid Competitive Race Relations (Jim Crow Laws) --> Fluid Competitive Race Relations (1945-present)

Industrialization
- economic irrationality of discrimination
Urbanization
- improved condition for Social Movements
Rising educational levels
- less discrimination, greater assertiveness
Economic growth
- less competitive and threats

4

Fluid Competive

Legal changes
- challenges "separate but equal" doctrine
- Brown vs. Brown of Education
- Civil Rights Laws
- Enforcement of restrictive housing covenants made illegal

Today
- discrimination with a smile
- cultural racism and symbolic racism

5

Adaptive Responses

Acceptance
- adopt the dominant ideology, feel nothing can be changed, or pretend to accept

Displaced Aggression or Scapegoating
- violence against others from same racial group, against oneself, or against other minority groups

Avoidance
- escape reality (alcohol and drug use)

Assimilation
- attempt to be part of and accepted in the majority

6

Change-oriented Responses

- change the nature of majority-minority relations or the role of minorities in the system

Goals
- complete assimilation
- develop independent minority society and culture

Strategies
- legal: lawsuits, elections, legal strikes and protests
- illegal: illegal peaceful or violent protests, riots

7

Conditions for Social Movement:
Urbanization

- relative deprivation
- communication
- sense of efficacy

8

Conditions for Social Movement:
Economic Growth

- resources
- sense of efficacy

9

Conditions for Social Movement:
Mass communication

- relative deprivation
- communication
- sense of efficacy
- leadership

10

Conditions for Social Movement:
Rising Educational Levels

- relative deprivation
- sense of efficacy
- leadership

11

Conditions for Social Movement:
International Change

- resources
- sense of efficacy