Week 4: Models of Intergroup Relations Flashcards Preview

Urban Inequality > Week 4: Models of Intergroup Relations > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 4: Models of Intergroup Relations Deck (13):
1

Assimilation

- true blend of majority and minority groups' society and culture

Cultural Assimilation
- shared culture: attitudes, values, lifestyle

Structural Assimilation
- shared structure: institutions, organizations, friendships, marriage

Positive
- solidarity, cooperation, unity
- racial equality (erase diversity, erase prejudice)
- Amalgamation: elimination of racial groups through repeated interracial marriage

Negative
- forced conformity
- loss of freedom of choice
- less diversity, less creativity

2

Pluralism (salad bowl)

- some culture and social structure are shared, others are distinct of each racial/ethnic group

Cultural and Structural Pluralism

Positive
- preserves cultural diversity, creativity, innovation
- greater group awareness, greater political power
- equality possible if resources are equally distributed
- does not force to conform
- more realistic than complete assimilation

Negative
- creates division in society: increases prejudice
- organization based on race favors majority (Marx)

3

Separatism

- separate culture and social structure
- need for territorial separation

Positive
- gives groups control, rather than being controlled
- creates consensus

Negative
- conflict within and between separate societies
- unrealistic in the U.S., territorial distribution

4

Booker T. Washington

- instead of challenging society, Blacks should show their value

5

W.E.B. DuBois

- demands for full inclusion in society, end of racism

6

Marcus Garvey

- strive to set up separate society, Black Nationalism

7

Martin Luther King Jr.

- integration through non-violence resistance

8

Malcolm X

- survival, economic equality, political power

9

G.I. Forum

- fight against discrimination, increasing political participation

10

Cesar Chavez

- unionize agricultural laborers, strikes, boycotts

11

Reies Lopez Tijerina

- restoration of Mexican land

12

American Indian Movement

- occupation of surplus land (e.g., Alcatraz Island)

13

L.A. Riots (1992)

- spark: acquittal of 4 police officers who had been videotaped beating Rodney King, an African American
- underlying issues: high unemployment rates, changing racial/ethnic composition, territorial disputes (Hispanics, AA, Asians)