Week 12 - Culture and Assessment Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 12 - Culture and Assessment Deck (36):
1

Item-generation techniques are easy to apply to

figural ability items

2

Tailored testing involves

adapting test content to an examinee in real time

3

There are three types of successive development of different language versions of a psychological test. What are they?

Application
Assembly
Adaptation

4

What are strategies for identifying and dealing with method bias in cross-cultural assessment?

Assessment response styles
Extensive training of administrators
Use of collateral information

NOT error/distracter analysis

5

Emotional intelligence is

the ability to recognise and control one's own and other's emotions

6

MAT is to CAT as MANOVA is to

ANOVA

7

What are strategies for identifying and dealing with construct bias in cross-cultural assessment?

use of informants with expertise in local culture and language
use of samples of bilingual subjects
non-standard instrument administration

NOT error/distracter analysis

8

'Open mode' refers to

anyone being able to access a test without any form of authentication

9

Western intelligence tests tend to

de-emphasise social aspects of intelligence

10

The idea behind item-generative testing is that

the computer randomly generates new items based on an underlying rule or algorithm

11

What is not a typical source of construct bias in cross-cultural assessment?

Poor sampling of all relevant behaviour

12

A disadvantage of MAT is

an examinee is required to remember the instructions of all subtests simultaneously

13

Differential familiarity with response procedures is a type of method bias commonly found in which type of psychological test?

questionnaires

14

An examinee who sacrifices accuracy for speed is emphasising

quantity over quality

15

What is more efficient - CAT, MAT or SAT?

MAT is more efficient than CAT?

16

Some authors have suggested that, in the future, psychological tests will include

holograms
virtual reality
artificial intelligence

17

An examinee who sacrifices speed for accuracy is emphasising

quality over quantity

18

What is not an area of advantage for internet testing?

obtaining informed consent

19

An appropriate translation of psychological instruments requires a balanced treatment of

psychological, cultural and linguistic considerations

20

Who introduced the idea of practical intelligence?

Sternberg

21

What is practical intelligence?

it is context-based, pragmatically useful and acquired through experience rather than formal instruction

22

What do integrity tests attempt to measure?

concepts like dependability, theft proneness and counterproductive work behaviour

23

What is CAT?

computerised adaptive testing - the idea that the coputer can continuously monitor an examinee's performance and refine the trait or ability estimate after each item is presented

24

What is IRT?

Item response theory - a family of theories that seeks to specify the functional relationship between response to a psychological test item and strength of a latent trait

25

What is an item bank?

the large pool of items underlying the CAT

26

What is MAT?

Multidimensional adaptive testing - it takes CAT to the next level by applying the basic idea to a whole battery of tests

27

What is the difference between CAT and MAT?

CAT adapts by dynamically estimating the single ability being measured by the test and selecting the next item that optimally improves that measurement; MAT adapts by dynamically estimating all abilities being measured by the battery simultaneously and selecting the next item, from whichever subtest, that optimally improves the measurement of all abilities

28

What is item generation?

it is where new items are generated automatically by computer according to some underlying rule or algorithm

29

What is time parameterisation?

it is to solve the fundamental problem of speed-accuracy trade-off, which is a basic dimension of strategy in solving any difficult task

30

What does Kyllonen argue?

he argues that test developers need to focus more on the constructs that they want to measure, rather than on the specifics of particular test - LATENT FACTOR-CENTRED

31

What is the digital divide?

the fact that some people have better access to the internet than others, and that those with the best access tend to be the most privileged

32

What is 'ping latency'

bandwidth limitations - lag

33

What is open mode?

anyone can access the test

34

What is controlled mode?

involves users being sent a password and logging on to a testing site

35

What is supervised mode?

involves the presence of a human supervisor or proctor

36

What is managed mode?

highly controlled and the test is kept secure - similar to formal examinations