Week 10 - Forensic Assessment Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 10 - Forensic Assessment Deck (47):
1

Forensic assessment has contributed to which of the following areas

prediction of aggression
custody evaluation
malingering

2

Compared to other witnesses in a court case, an expert witness

may provide factual information as well as offer an opinion

3

The word 'forensic' means

of or used in connection with courts of law

4

Which of the following is not a setting that forensic psychologists work?
Police departments
Law courts
Forensic science laboratories
Correction centres

forensic science laboratories

5

According to the APA, the purpose of forensic assessment in custody evaluation is to

assist in determining the psychological best interest of the child

6

The two methods of risk assessment/prediction are

clinical-psychological and actuarial

7

The Psychopathy Checklist-Revised is an example of a _____ assessment instrument

forensically-related

8

The person(s) served by forensic assessment include

the client, the lawyer and the court

9

The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory - Second Edition is an example of a primarily _______ assessment instrument

clinical

10

The primary purpose of forensic psychological testing and assessment is

to assist those who work in the legal and criminal justice system to make decisions

11

In forensic assessment, the response style of a client is

not assumed to be reliable

12

What are limitations of forensic assessment?

small sample size used in validation studies
susceptibility to faking of self-report instruments used
low reliability and validity

NOT time required to complete assessment

13

The standards being considered in forensic assessment include psychiatric, psychological and

legal

14

According to Ogloff and Douglas, the results of forensic assessment are needed if they are found by the court to be

relevant and related to one or more legal standards raised by a case

15

Before the recognition of forensic psychology as a specialty area of psychology

psychologists had been asked to appear in courts as expert witness

16

In forensic assessment

the psychologist and client do not always share the same purpose

17

According to Heilbrun, Roger and Otto, the three types of assessment instruments used in forensic assessments are

forensic, forensically related and clinical

18

Forensic assessment has contributed to which areas?

custody evaluation
prediction of aggression
malingering

19

The person(s) served by forensic assessment include

the client, the lawyer and the court

20

Compared to a therapeutic assessment report, a forensic assessment report is

longer, more comprehensive and more detailed

21

What is criminal law concerned with?

crimes against the public or the Crown

22

What is civil law concerned with?

the resolution of conflicts between individuals or organisations

23

What is family law concerned with?

conflicts within families or between partners in married or de facto relationships

24

What is the primary purpose of forensic assessment?

to assist decision makers in the legal or criminal justice systems to address specific legal issues

25

What is the primary purpose of therapeutic assessment

to diagnose and treat clients with psychological or mental problems

26

The choice of an assessment technique needs to be considered in light of ______

relevant legal standards

27

What are forensic assessment instruments designed for?

specifically designed for forensic assessment and these instruments are directly relevant to a specific legal standard
i.e. MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool

28

What are forensically relevant instruments designed for?

is not designed to a specific legal standard but the constructs measured by these instruments are related to a legal standard
i.e. tests that measure constructs such as psychopathy, violence risk or malingering

29

What are clinical instruments designed for?

psychological tests or techniques that are not developed specifically for the purpose of forensic assessment bu have been adopted by forensic psychologists to answer legal questions
i.e. MMPI, WAIS, BDI

30

What does competency to stand trial mean?

an assessment of whether a defendant is able to stand trial because his/her mental state was affected at the time of the offence or at the time of the trial

31

What is the Competency Screening Test?

a screening device used to decide if a more comprehensive assessment is necessary for defendants who may be unfit to stand trial

32

Why has the Competency Screening Test been criticised?

on the grounds that the sentence completion procedure and scoring method are not well justified, the construct(s) it assesses may not be directly related to the legal standard of competency to stand trial, and it leads to relatively high false positive

33

What is the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool - Criminal Adjudication (MacCAT-CA)?

It was developed based on Bonnie's theory of legal competency and comprises 22 items that are related to the formal functional abilities associated with the legal construct of competency to stand trial

34

What three discrete competence scales are in the MacCAT-CA?

understanding, reasoning and appreciation

35

What are the two methods of risk assessment?

one based on clinical-psychological judgment and one based on an acturial formula

36

What do clinical-psychological methods of risk assessment rely on?

the knowledge and experience of professionals to inform risk classifications, utilising techniques and instruments common with clinical psychological practice

37

What are acturial methods of risk assessment based on?

psychometric tools that are statistically developed by identifying those factors in the research literature that are most strongly correlated with the offending behaviour in question

38

What do acturial risk assessment scales generally consist of?

checklists of predictor variables that are statistically scored for offenders, with higher scores generally representing a greater risk of recidivism

39

What is the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised Second Edition (PCL-R)?

It was developed by Robert Hare to assess psychopathic personality disorders in adult forensic populations

40

Why has the PCL-R been considered the 'gold standard' in predicting violence and recidivism

because it has been found to have very good psychometric properties

41

What is a custody evaluation?

to assist in determining the psychological best interest of the child

42

What is a common instrument used in the USA and Canada for custody evaluation?

The Ackerman-Schoendorf Scales of Parent Evaluation of Custody

43

What is malingering?

the attempt to exaggerate symptoms or claim symptoms one does not have

44

What is the Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms?

it was designed to detect malingering and other forms of feigning of psychological symptoms in adults 18 years and over. It focuses on deliberate distortions in self-presentation

45

What is one of the most common symptoms associated with malingering?

memory impairment

46

What did Tombaugh develop?

the Test of Memory Malingering - it aims to detect response bias, intentional faking and exaggeration of symptoms by showing a test taker 50 line drawings of ordinary objects and then asking him/her, after a delay, to recognise the target among a choice of two drawins

47

What is the STATIC-99 used for?

Risk assessment tool for adult male sexual offenders