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Flashcards in Week 5 Deck (19):
1

What is the usual site of ingestion?

The mouth

2

Define the term pharynx, and state the two organ systems to which the pharynx belong?

The pharynx is the cavity behind the nose and mouth that connects them to the esophagus. It belongs to the respiratory and digestive systems.

3

What is the role of the small intestine?

major digestive and absorption site

4

What is the role of the large intestine?

absorbs water. stores and eliminates faeces

5

What is the role of the pancreas?

secretes digestive enzymes that break down food, proteases, amylayse, lipases and nucleases

6

What is the role of the oesophagus?

it is a passageway for food from mouth to stomach

7

what is the role of the liver?

produces bile. storage of fat and glycogen. detoxifies blood

8

what is the role of the salivary glands?

moistens food. breaka down carbohydratea and begins digestion

9

What does the stomach primarly serve as?

A storage organ where protein digestion begins

10

What lines the stomach to protect the lining?

Bicarbonate rich mucous

11

What does the small intestine absorb into the blood?

nutrients

12

The liver and pancreas are accessory organs that produce substances that empty into the ???? through a common duct to aid digestion

duedenum

13

What colour is bile in the gall bladder?

Green

14

Which organ is bile made?

Liver

15

What system is the vermiform appendix part of?

immune

16

What does BMI stand for?

body mass index

17

What substance is produced in a "fruity acetone" smell?

ketone bodies

18

pH in a diabetics blood and urine is related to ketone bodies. How?

Ketones are acidic. Lowers pH levels as a result. Ketone bodies increase which means pH blood and urine become more acidic

19

Why does a diabetic produce ketones in the presence of large amounts of glucose?

Their bodies cells are not capable of taking in glucose due to a lack of insulin. Therefore body turns to fat to aquire energy. ketones are a fat product.