Flashcards in Week 5 Deck (19):
What is the usual site of ingestion?
Define the term pharynx, and state the two organ systems to which the pharynx belong?
The pharynx is the cavity behind the nose and mouth that connects them to the esophagus. It belongs to the respiratory and digestive systems.
What is the role of the small intestine?
major digestive and absorption site
What is the role of the large intestine?
absorbs water. stores and eliminates faeces
What is the role of the pancreas?
secretes digestive enzymes that break down food, proteases, amylayse, lipases and nucleases
What is the role of the oesophagus?
it is a passageway for food from mouth to stomach
what is the role of the liver?
produces bile. storage of fat and glycogen. detoxifies blood
what is the role of the salivary glands?
moistens food. breaka down carbohydratea and begins digestion
What does the stomach primarly serve as?
A storage organ where protein digestion begins
What lines the stomach to protect the lining?
Bicarbonate rich mucous
What does the small intestine absorb into the blood?
The liver and pancreas are accessory organs that produce substances that empty into the ???? through a common duct to aid digestion
What colour is bile in the gall bladder?
Which organ is bile made?
What system is the vermiform appendix part of?
What does BMI stand for?
body mass index
What substance is produced in a "fruity acetone" smell?
pH in a diabetics blood and urine is related to ketone bodies. How?
Ketones are acidic. Lowers pH levels as a result. Ketone bodies increase which means pH blood and urine become more acidic