Week 7: Impacts of Housing Segregation and Environmental Racism Flashcards Preview

Urban Inequality > Week 7: Impacts of Housing Segregation and Environmental Racism > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 7: Impacts of Housing Segregation and Environmental Racism Deck (3):
1

Impacts of Segregation: Why is it a problem?

Spacial Mismatch: less jobs where minorities live
- surbanization of Whites followed by jobs
- deindustrialization: blue-collar jobs eliminated or moved to other countries
- lower wages for remaining service jobs
- no access to transportation
- limited access to housing in surburbs (cost, zoning)

Diminished intergroup contact:
- lower tolerance toward out-groups
- prejudices and stereotypes go unchallenged
- less opportunity for interracial friendship

Lower quality of life and opportunities for minorities:
- majority-minority neighborhoods tend to have fewer services and facilities, poorer schools, higher rates of poverty
- concentrated poverty: higher crime rates and violence, lack of role models, lower tax base
- environmental racism: disproportional exposure to pollution and environmental hazards

2

Efforts Toward Integration: How to reduce segregation?

Legal Efforts
- ban on legal discrimination
- enforcement of Fair Housing Act (1968, 1988)
- lawsuits against discriminatory practices
- affirmative marketing ordinances
- detect discrimination: non-profit organizations, testing studies, HUD

Urban Policies: zoning and financing
- inclusionary zoning (mixed-income housing)
- prioritize low-interest loans to applicants willing to integrate

Reduce levels of prejudice
- education
- contact
- campaign
- ban legal discrimination

3

Environmental Racism

Environmental policy or practice that disproportionally affects minorities.
- disporportional exposure of minority communities to degraded environment, environmental hazards, and pollution

Examples:
- areas with higher percentage of minorities have higher concentration of hazardous air pollution
- minorities are more likely to live in areas with abandoned toxic waste sites
- most brownfields are located in or near minority communities
- minorities are more likely to live in environmental hazardous areas (e.g., subject to flood, land slides)