Flashcards in Week 7: Morphology I Deck (28)
The study of the form and structure of words
Define: WORD TYPE
Repetitions of words are not counted
Define: WORD TOKEN
The acknowledgement of each instance in which a word occurs, regardless of if it's appeared or not
Define: WORD FORM
Any of the several forms that a lexical item may assume for grammatical purposes
Define: ORTHOGRAPHIC WORD
The word that we can identify with white space either side
Define: PHONETIC WORD
Something pronounced as a single unit
Define: OPEN WORD CLASSES
The classes of words that are easily added to, and are also known as content words e.g. nouns, verbs
Define: CLOSED WORD CLASSES
The classes of words that are not easily added to, and are also known as function words e.g. determiners, prepositions
Define: EX NIHILO
Completely new words that 'come out of nothing'
Taking words from other languages
A word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal, or non-literal word-for-word translation - also known as loan translations
A word formed from the initial components of words of longer content
When words are shortened to make them easier to spell and write e.g. 'ad' for 'advertisement'
Formed from parts of two or more words e.g. 'Brexit'
Define: SEMANTIC CHANGE
When a word gains a new meaning, but still holds the old one, leaving two identical orthographic words with different meanings e.g. 'river BANK', 'financial BANK'
When two or more words are joined to make one longer word e.g. moonlight, classroom
The creation of a word from an existing word, without any change in form, also known as zero derivation e.g. the noun 'green' in golf is derived from the adjective 'green'
The process of adding a morpheme, or affix, to a word to create a new word form, or a word with a different meaning
A meaningful unit of a language that cannot be further divided
A morpheme added to the beginning of a base word
A morpheme added to the end of a base word
Two morphemes added either side of a base word e.g. 'unhappily'
Define: FREE MORPHEMES
Morphemes that can stand on their own
Define: BOUND MORPHEMES
Morphemes that cannot stand on their own
The study of the changes in language over time
The study of language use/linguistics at a certain point in time
How easily new words can be formed using certain (bound) morphemes