Week 7: Morphology I Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 7: Morphology I Deck (28)
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1

Define: MORPHOLOGY

The study of the form and structure of words

2

Define: WORD TYPE

Repetitions of words are not counted

3

Define: WORD TOKEN

The acknowledgement of each instance in which a word occurs, regardless of if it's appeared or not

4

Define: WORD FORM

Any of the several forms that a lexical item may assume for grammatical purposes

5

Define: ORTHOGRAPHIC WORD

The word that we can identify with white space either side

6

Define: PHONETIC WORD

Something pronounced as a single unit

7

Define: OPEN WORD CLASSES

The classes of words that are easily added to, and are also known as content words e.g. nouns, verbs

8

Define: CLOSED WORD CLASSES

The classes of words that are not easily added to, and are also known as function words e.g. determiners, prepositions

9

Define: EX NIHILO

Completely new words that 'come out of nothing'

10

Define: BORROWING

Taking words from other languages

11

Define: CALQUES

A word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal, or non-literal word-for-word translation - also known as loan translations

12

Define: ACRONYMS

A word formed from the initial components of words of longer content

13

Define: CLIPPINGS

When words are shortened to make them easier to spell and write e.g. 'ad' for 'advertisement'

14

Define: BLENDS

Formed from parts of two or more words e.g. 'Brexit'

15

Define: SEMANTIC CHANGE

When a word gains a new meaning, but still holds the old one, leaving two identical orthographic words with different meanings e.g. 'river BANK', 'financial BANK'

16

Define: COMPOUNDING

When two or more words are joined to make one longer word e.g. moonlight, classroom

17

Define: CONVERSION

The creation of a word from an existing word, without any change in form, also known as zero derivation e.g. the noun 'green' in golf is derived from the adjective 'green'

18

Define: AFFIXATION

The process of adding a morpheme, or affix, to a word to create a new word form, or a word with a different meaning

19

Define: MORPHEME

A meaningful unit of a language that cannot be further divided

20

Define: PREFIX

A morpheme added to the beginning of a base word

21

Define: SUFFIX

A morpheme added to the end of a base word

22

Define: CIRCUMFIX

Two morphemes added either side of a base word e.g. 'unhappily'

23

Define: FREE MORPHEMES

Morphemes that can stand on their own

24

Define: BOUND MORPHEMES

Morphemes that cannot stand on their own

25

Define: DIACHRONIC

The study of the changes in language over time

26

Define: SYNCHRONIC

The study of language use/linguistics at a certain point in time

27

Define: PRODUCTIVITY

How easily new words can be formed using certain (bound) morphemes

28

Define: INFIX

A morpheme added in the middle of a base word e.g. 'abso-bloody-lutely'