Weeks 3&4: Phonetics II Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Weeks 3&4: Phonetics II Deck (16)
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1

What is the IPA?

A universally-agreed way of recording spoken language that provides 'co-ordinates' of the vocal tract

2

Why do we need the IPA, why not use the alphabet?

There's a mismatch between alphabet letters and sounds e.g. some alphabet letters can have multiple sounds - 'ph' or 'f'?

3

How do we describe CONSONANTS?

Voicing + Place + Manner e.g. voiceless bilabial plosive

4

How do we describe VOWELS?

- Vowel/tongue height
- Tongue backness
- Rounding

5

What is VOWEL/TONGUE HEIGHT?

How high the tongue is towards the palate (roof of the mouth) when the vowel is produced

6

What is TONGUE BACKNESS?

Relates to what part of the tongue is raised

7

What is ROUNDING?

Relates to whether the lips are rounded or not

8

How is VOWEL/TONGUE HEIGHT described?

- Close vowel (high)
- Close-mid vowel (mid-high)
- Open vowel (low)

9

How is TONGUE BACKNESS described?

- Front vowel e.g. [i] in 'she'
- Back vowel e.g. [u] in 'shoe'

10

What are CARDINAL VOWELS?

A set of vowel prototypes to help easier classify and define vowels

11

What does the Y axis refer to on the Cardinal Vowel Triangle?

Vowel/tongue height

12

What does the X axis refer to on the Cardinal Vowel Triangle?

Tongue backness

13

Define: DIPTHONG

A combination of two vowels in a syllable

14

Define: TRIPTHONG

A combination of three vowels in a syllable

15

Define: MONOPHTHONGS

Singular vowels

16

Define: MONOPHTHONGISATION

Occurs in some accents/dialects when a speaker produces what is normally a diphthong as a single vowel