Week 8: Morphology II Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 8: Morphology II Deck (8)
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1

Define: ETYMOLOGY

The study of the origins of words

2

Define: ETYMOLOGICAL FALLACY

Taking an earlier meaning as the 'true' meaning or as still present somehow in the modern word

3

Define: ALLOMORPHS

Variant forms of morphemes that occur when a unit of meaning varies in sound without changing the meaning e.g. 'abil' in 'predictability' is an allomorph of 'able'

4

Define: LIST-RULE FALLACY

The (mistaken) idea that we either store all words as wholes, or we store all parts of words

5

Define: DERIVATIONAL MORPHOLOGY

Always creates a new lexeme that often has a different word class and is not required by grammar

6

Define: INFLECTIONAL MORPHOLOGY

The lexeme always stays the same, the word class never changes and is required by grammar e.g. 's'

7

Define: THE CONTINUUM OF SYNTHESIS

Isolating - Synthetic - Polysythetic
- Refers to the number of morphemes per word within a language
- Isolating = few morphemes per word

8

Define: SUPPLETION

The occurrence of an unrelated form to fill a gap in a the creation of derived forms (conjugation) e.g. 'went' as the past tense of 'go'