Flashcards in Week 8: Morphology II Deck (8)
The study of the origins of words
Define: ETYMOLOGICAL FALLACY
Taking an earlier meaning as the 'true' meaning or as still present somehow in the modern word
Variant forms of morphemes that occur when a unit of meaning varies in sound without changing the meaning e.g. 'abil' in 'predictability' is an allomorph of 'able'
Define: LIST-RULE FALLACY
The (mistaken) idea that we either store all words as wholes, or we store all parts of words
Define: DERIVATIONAL MORPHOLOGY
Always creates a new lexeme that often has a different word class and is not required by grammar
Define: INFLECTIONAL MORPHOLOGY
The lexeme always stays the same, the word class never changes and is required by grammar e.g. 's'
Define: THE CONTINUUM OF SYNTHESIS
Isolating - Synthetic - Polysythetic
- Refers to the number of morphemes per word within a language
- Isolating = few morphemes per word