Week 8: Addressing Inequality Through Policy Flashcards Preview

Urban Inequality > Week 8: Addressing Inequality Through Policy > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 8: Addressing Inequality Through Policy Deck (5):
1

Anti-discrimination

- ban discrimination
- try to detect subtle forms of discrimination
- ensure that everyone is treated equally
- eliminate barriers faced by minorities

2

Affirmative Action

- give extra advantage to traditionally disadvantaged
- try to address the effects of past discrimination
- take race as a factor to be considered
- break the cycle of discrimination (temporary)

3

Affirmative Action Policies
- Employment and Schools

- President Johnson: requirements for agencies under contract with the government
- efforts to increase the number of minorities and females in jobs or ranks in which they are underrepresented
- efforts to increase the number of minorities and females in higher education
- requirements for goals and timetables

4

Alternatives to Affirmative Action

- use of high school grades, instead of standardized test scores, for college admission
- affirmative action based on socioeconomic status
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5

What is more important in explain inequality today?

A) Race
B) Class
C) Combination of both

- Research shows there is significant RACIAL INEQUALITY independent of class inequality
- There is a declining, but continuing significance of RACE
- Minority middle class is less secure than White middle class: "last to be hired, first to be fired"
- Racial discrimination still exists