Week 9-14 Multiple Choice Flashcards Preview

NUR256- 2016 > Week 9-14 Multiple Choice > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week 9-14 Multiple Choice Deck (14):
1

The goal of antibiotic therapy is:
A) to eradicate bacteria from the system
B) to suppress resistant strains of bacteria
C) to reduce the number of invading bacteria so that the immune system can deal with the infection
D) to stop the drug as soon as the person feels better

A) to eradicate bacteria from the system
B) to suppress resistant strains of bacteria
C) to reduce the number of invading bacteria so that the immune system can deal with the infection*
D) to stop the drug as soon as the person feels better

2

The penicillins:
A) are bacteriostatic
B) are bactericidal, interfering with bacteria cell walls
C) are effective only if given intravenously
D) do not produce cross-sensitivity within their class

A) are bacteriostatic
B) are bactericidal, interfering with bacteria cell walls*
C) are effective only if given intravenously
D) do not produce cross-sensitivity within their class

3

In general all people receiving antibiotics should receive teaching that includes which of the following (select all that apply)
A) the need to complete the full course of drug therapy
B) the possibility of oral contraceptive failure
C) when to take the drug related to food and other medications
D) the need for assessment of blood tests
E) advisability of saving any leftover medication for future use
F) how to detect super infections and what to do if they occur

A) the need to complete the full course of drug therapy*
B) the possibility of oral contraceptive failure*
C) when to take the drug related to food and other medications*
D) the need for assessment of blood tests
E) advisability of saving any leftover medication for future use
F) how to detect super infections and what to do if they occur

4

When teaching the client about taking oral tetracycline, which of the following does the nurse advise the client to do?
A) consume calcium rich products to decrease the duration of the antibacterial effect
B) use a soft toothbrush and floss teeth gently to remove staining on teeth
C) report any ringing in the ears or dizziness
D) avoid direct exposure to sunlight and apply sun block when outdoors

A) consume calcium rich products to decrease the duration of the antibacterial effect
B) use a soft toothbrush and floss teeth gently to remove staining on teeth
C) report any ringing in the ears or dizziness
D) avoid direct exposure to sunlight and apply sun block when outdoors*

5

the client is prescribed ciprofloxacin and is instructed to take each dose of medication as evenly spaced apart during the day as possible. The nurse recognises that this instruction is essential because:
A) the medication can cause sleep pattern disturbance
B) pathogenic bacteria have extremely rapid growth and reproduction rates
C) super infections may develop if a dose of the medication is missed
D) allergic reactions are more likely to occur if a dose is missed

A) the medication can cause sleep pattern disturbance
B) pathogenic bacteria have extremely rapid growth and reproduction rates*
C) super infections may develop if a dose of the medication is missed
D) allergic reactions are more likely to occur if a dose is missed

6

Proper administration of an ordered narcotic:
A) can lead to addiction
B) should be done promptly to prevent increased pain and the need for larger doses
C) would include holding the drug as long as possible until the person really needs it
D) should rely on the person's request for medication

A) can lead to addiction
B) should be done promptly to prevent increased pain and the need for larger doses*
C) would include holding the drug as long as possible until the person really needs it
D) should rely on the person's request for medication

7

The Nurse is caring for several clients who are receiving opioids for pain relief. Which client is at highest risk of developing hypotension respiratory depression, and mental confusion?
A) a 23 year old female, postoperative ruptured appendix
B) a 16 year old male, post-motorcycle injury with lacerations
C) a 54 year old female, post-myocardial infarction
D) an 86 year old male, postoperative femur fracture

A) a 23 year old female, postoperative ruptured appendix
B) a 16 year old male, post-motorcycle injury with lacerations
C) a 54 year old female, post-myocardial infarction
D) an 86 year old male, postoperative femur fracture*

8

The client asks you if paracetamol will help his arthritis like "my aspirin does." You base your response on the knowledge that the pharacotherapeutic actions of paracetamol are:
A) analgesic and antipyretic
B) analgesic and anti-inflammatory
C) anti-inflammatory and antiplatelet
D) antipyretic and anti-inflammatory

A) analgesic and antipyretic *
B) analgesic and anti-inflammatory
C) anti-inflammatory and antiplatelet
D) antipyretic and anti-inflammatory

9

Naloxone hydrochloride is classified as:
A) opioid analgesic
B) opioid agonist
C) opioid partial agonist
D) opioid antagonist

A) opioid analgesic
B) opioid agonist
C) opioid partial agonist
D) opioid antagonist *

10

The parenteral opioid analgesic that carries the greatest risk for respiratory depression with its use is:
A) fentanyl citrate
B) morphine soul fate
C) hydromorphone
D) pethidine

A) fentanyl citrate
B) morphine soul fate
C) hydromorphone*
D) pethidine

11

A bacteriostatic substance is one that:
A) directly kills any bacteria it comes in contact with
B) directly kills any bacteria that are sensitive to the substance
C) Prevents the growth of bacteria
D) prevents the growth of specific bacteria that are sensitive to the substance

A) directly kills any bacteria it comes in contact with
B) directly kills any bacteria that are sensitive to the substance
C) Prevents the growth of bacteria
D) prevents the growth of specific bacteria that are sensitive to the substance*

12

Combination oestrogen and progestins are commonly used are used as oral contraceptives. It is thought that this combination has its effect by:
a) acting to block the release of FSH and LH, preventing follicle development
B) directly suppressing the ovaries and preventing ovulation
C) keeping the endometrium constantly lush and blood filled
D) preventing menstruation, which prevents pregnancy

Combination oestrogen and progestins are commonly used are used as oral contraceptives. It is thought that this combination has its effect by:
a) acting to block the release of FSH and LH, preventing follicle development*
B) directly suppressing the ovaries and preventing ovulation
C) keeping the endometrium constantly lush and blood filled
D) preventing menstruation, which prevents pregnancy

13

Testosterone is approved for use in:
A) treatment of breast cancer
B) increasing muscle strength in athletes
C) oral contraceptives
D) increasing hair distribution in male pattern baldness

Testosterone is approved for use in:
A) treatment of breast cancer*
B) increasing muscle strength in athletes
C) oral contraceptives
D) increasing hair distribution in male pattern baldness

14

Oxytocin, a synthetic form of the hyothalamic hormone, is used to:
A) induce labour by stimulating uterine contraction
B) stimulate milk production in the lactating woman
C) increase fertility and the chance of conception
D) relax the gravid uterus to prevent preterm labour

Oxytocin, a synthetic form of the hyothalamic hormone, is used to:
A) induce labour by stimulating uterine contraction*
B) stimulate milk production in the lactating woman
C) increase fertility and the chance of conception
D) relax the gravid uterus to prevent preterm labour