Flashcards in Week Nine Deck (173)
given to expel flatus. Solution releases gas in rectum which causes distention and stimulates peristalsis
Introduces oil or medication into the rectum and signmoid colon. Softens feces, lubricates feces and colonic mucosa to facilitate passage of feces.
Removes feces using a variety of solutions
Remove feces and/or flatus
A solution introduced to the rectum and sigmoid colon
A mass of hardened, puttylike feces in folds of rectum
Signs of Fecal Impaction
passage of liquid fecal seepage and no normal stool
Time it takes to see oil retention enema results
30minutes - 3 hours
Nursing Considerations for Enema
- Amount of fluid used
Soap Suds Enema
Cleansing soapy enema given to remove feces from colon. Relieves constipation and is a prep for diagnostic tests.
Action of Soap Suds Enema
Stimulates peristalsis by irritating mucosa and distending colon volume up to 1,000 mL H20 with soap
Oil Retention Enema
Retention enema that makes defecation easier. Mineral oil is commonly used.
What type of enema is a hypertonic enema?
Cleansing sodium enema given to remove feces from the colon. Relieves constipation and preps for diagnostic tests.
Action of hypertonic enema
Draws water into the colon, distends the colon, irritates mucosa
Time it takes to see results from a hypertonic enema
Volume Hypertonic Enema
What type of enema is a tap water enema?
Hypotonic cleansing enema
Carminative enema volume
Volume oil retention enema
Tap water enema
Hypotonic Enema. After infusion into the colon, tap water escapes from the bowel lumen into interstitial spaces.
Volume tap water enema
What type of enemas should be administered to an infant or child?
Enema temperature for infant or child
100 F or 37.7 C unless otherwise ordered
True or False: Elders may fatigue easily when administering an enema
What position is appropriate for administering an enema in a small child?
Dorsal recumbent position
How far should the tube be inserted for enema administration in infants?
How far should the tube be inserted for enema administration in children?