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Flashcards in Week Thirteen Deck (79)
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1

              Acculturation

Involuntary process that occurs when people adapt or borrow traits from another culture

2

Cultural assimilation

The process by which an individual develops a new cultural identity

3

Culture

The nonphysical traits, values, beliefs, attitudes and customs that are shared by a group of people and passed from one generation to the next.

4

Subculture

Composed of people who have a distinct identity, yet are related to a larger cultural group

5

Culture shock

Disorder that occurs in response to transition from one cultural setting to another

6

Ethnicity

Group within the social system that claims to possess variable traits such as a common religion or language

7

Ethnocentrism

Belief that one's own culture or way of life is better than that of others

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Folk medicine

Those beliefs and practices relating to illness prevention and healing that derive from cultural traditions rather than from modern medicine

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Race

The classification of people according to shared biologic characteristics, genetic markers or features

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Stereotyping

Assuming that all members of a culture or ethnic group are alike

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Transcultural care

Describes the provision of nursing care across cultural boundaries that takes into account the difference and similarities of the beliefs, values, and patterns of culture

12

Magico-religious Health views

Health and illness are controlled by supernatural forces

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Biomedical Health Views

Life and life processes are controlled by physical and biochemical forces that can be manipulated by humans

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Holistic Health views

Balance or harmony must be maintained in forces of nature

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Body

Physical

16

Mind

Cognitive Process

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Spiritual

Positive and negative learned spiritual practices and teachings, dreams, symbols, stories, metaphysical forces

18

How does communication influence health care?

Verbal: vocabulary, voice speed, silence, use of interpreters. Non-Verbal: touch, eye contact, facial expressions, posture

19

How does space influence health care?

intimate, personal, social, public space

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Intimate Space

touching- 1.5 ft

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Personal Space

1.5ft-4 ft

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Social Space

4 to 12 feet

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Public Space

12 ft or greater

24

How does time influence health care?

significance placed on past, present, future

25

How do nutritional patterns influence health care?

staple foods, food preparation, remedies for illness

26

How does family pattern influence health care?

who is the authority figure, how are they treated, are they the keepers of wisdom, can the wife be involved, whom is involved, how to properly address individual

27

How does the nurse develop cultural sensitivity?

proactive, consider diversity an asset, identify and control personal beliefs & attitudes, include cultural assessment as part of your overall nursing assessment/history, acknowledge the patient/family right to make health care choices, convey respect and cooperate with traditional healers and caregivers, seven steps to cultural competence, self assessment, education, listen, observe, share what you learn, be alert to discomfort

28

What are specific strategies for interacting with clients of differing culture of heritage?

  • Give your full name, title, and how you would like to be addressed
  • Address patients and others by their last names until given permission to do otherwise
  • Be authentic and honest
  • Convey respect for practices, support persons
  • Explore patient's thoughts, feelings about health problems, treatments
  • You Statements

29

What information should be collected during a nursing history when assessing culturally diverse clients?

  • Birthplace of immediate and close extended family
  • Location of family now and when growing up
  • Contact with extended family and geographic proximity
  • Change in family name or spelling
  • Ethnic/Religious background of spourse
  • neighborhood affiliation with same religious or ethnic background
  • Preparation of foods based on tradition or heritage
  • Paticipation in ethnic activities or holidays
  • Native and primary language

30

Faith

To believe in or be committed to something or someone, gives life meaning, provides strength and hope, includes beliefs, values, language, and rituals