Involuntary process that occurs when people adapt or borrow traits from another culture
The process by which an individual develops a new cultural identity
The nonphysical traits, values, beliefs, attitudes and customs that are shared by a group of people and passed from one generation to the next.
Composed of people who have a distinct identity, yet are related to a larger cultural group
Disorder that occurs in response to transition from one cultural setting to another
Group within the social system that claims to possess variable traits such as a common religion or language
Belief that one's own culture or way of life is better than that of others
Those beliefs and practices relating to illness prevention and healing that derive from cultural traditions rather than from modern medicine
The classification of people according to shared biologic characteristics, genetic markers or features
Assuming that all members of a culture or ethnic group are alike
Describes the provision of nursing care across cultural boundaries that takes into account the difference and similarities of the beliefs, values, and patterns of culture
Magico-religious Health views
Health and illness are controlled by supernatural forces
Biomedical Health Views
Life and life processes are controlled by physical and biochemical forces that can be manipulated by humans
Holistic Health views
Balance or harmony must be maintained in forces of nature
Positive and negative learned spiritual practices and teachings, dreams, symbols, stories, metaphysical forces
How does communication influence health care?
Verbal: vocabulary, voice speed, silence, use of interpreters. Non-Verbal: touch, eye contact, facial expressions, posture
How does space influence health care?
intimate, personal, social, public space
touching- 1.5 ft
4 to 12 feet
12 ft or greater
How does time influence health care?
significance placed on past, present, future
How do nutritional patterns influence health care?
staple foods, food preparation, remedies for illness
How does family pattern influence health care?
who is the authority figure, how are they treated, are they the keepers of wisdom, can the wife be involved, whom is involved, how to properly address individual
How does the nurse develop cultural sensitivity?
proactive, consider diversity an asset, identify and control personal beliefs & attitudes, include cultural assessment as part of your overall nursing assessment/history, acknowledge the patient/family right to make health care choices, convey respect and cooperate with traditional healers and caregivers, seven steps to cultural competence, self assessment, education, listen, observe, share what you learn, be alert to discomfort
What are specific strategies for interacting with clients of differing culture of heritage?
Give your full name, title, and how you would like to be addressed
Address patients and others by their last names until given permission to do otherwise
Be authentic and honest
Convey respect for practices, support persons
Explore patient's thoughts, feelings about health problems, treatments
What information should be collected during a nursing history when assessing culturally diverse clients?
Birthplace of immediate and close extended family
Location of family now and when growing up
Contact with extended family and geographic proximity
Change in family name or spelling
Ethnic/Religious background of spourse
neighborhood affiliation with same religious or ethnic background
Preparation of foods based on tradition or heritage
Paticipation in ethnic activities or holidays
Native and primary language
To believe in or be committed to something or someone, gives life meaning, provides strength and hope, includes beliefs, values, language, and rituals