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Semester One - Nursing 111 > Week Seven > Flashcards

Flashcards in Week Seven Deck (136)
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1

Acidosis

abnormally high acidity (excess hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues

2

Alkalosis

abnormally high alkalinity (low hydrogen-ion concentration) of the blood and other body tissues

3

Dehydration

a condition in which fluid loss exceeds fluid intake and disrupts the body's normal electrolyte balance

4

Diffusion

Distribution of electrolytes. Electrolytes move from an area of high concentration to an area of low concentration

5

Diagnostic Test

a tool used to make a diagnosis, usually to identify areas of deficit to be targeted for intervention.

6

Edema

swelling caused by excess fluid in the body tissues

7

Electrolyte

Solutes (substances or particles) that charge ions in the body

8

FF

force fluids

9

Push Fluids

To encourage a patient to drink additional fluids

10

Force Fluids

a medical order for a person to drink more fluids

11

Hematocrit

a measurement of the percentage of packed red blood cells in a given volume of blood

12

Milliequivalent

the unit of measure that describes the chemical activity of electrolytes; one of these is equivalent to the activity of 1 mg of hydrogen.

13

Osmosis

H20. The movement of water from an area with fewer electrolytes to an area with more electrolytes to achieve homeostasis

14

Restricted Fluids

medical orders to restrict fluid intake

15

Specific Gravity

a test performed on a urine specimen to measure the concentrating or diluting ability of the kidneys

16

Third Space Accumulation

-Loss of extracellular fluid into a transcellular space

17

Major functions of water in the body

- Moistens tissues

18

Main fluid compartments of the body

Intracellular and Extracellular

19

Extracellular Spaces

Intravascular Space, Extravascular Space

20

Intravascular Space

Inside the blood vessels (plasma)

21

Intracellular Compartment

Inside the cells and is the medium for cellular metabolism

22

Extracellular Compartment

Outside the cells and is the transport system for nutrients and wastes

23

Extravascular Space

Outside the blood vessels, interstitial fluid, transcellular fluid

24

Interstitial Fluid

Between the cells and the blood vessels

25

Transcellular Fluid

Fluid that surrounds the organs and structures, cerebrospinal fluid - around the spinal cord, pleural fluid - around the lungs, synovial fluid - around the joints

26

ICF

Intracellular

27

ECF

Extracellular

28

What are the major functions of electrolytes?

Regulate water distribution, Transmit nerve impulses, Govern acid-base balance

29

Ions

electrically charged particles

30

Cation

positively charged electrolyte