Flashcards in Week Seven: Wildlife Rehabilitation Deck (22)
What is wildlife rehabilitation?
Rescuing, raising, and treating orphaned, diseased, displaced, and injured animals
What is required to keep or possess in captivity any sick, orphaned, or injured mirgratory birds?
Wildlife rehabilitation permit (federal permit)
What is the difference between stabilization and rehabilitation?
Stabilization: you stabilize them until rehab
Rehab: this is rehabilitation
YES these are my definitions :)
Place birds back in nest if possible, use a surrogate nest if not possible
Baby squirrels, rabbits, raccoons, and fawns
Do not move them unless you can confirm that the mother is not returning over night
If they fall off/out of the pouch they may be abandoned and are worth calling in about
Mom is horrible at being a mother and is a little flaky
If injury or disease is one that means animal would not be able to function in wild after release, it is likely euthanized
Who are the rules and guidelines for the release criteria in wildlife set by?
USFWS Rehabilitation Regulations
What are some examples of situations where euthanasia is very likely in wildlife animals?
Injuries that mean limited mobility, complete loss of sight or hearing, impared vision OU, amputation of wings/legs, imprinting, animal is a rabies vector species, animals with skull/jaw injury that causes malocclusions
What is imprinting?
How an animal learns to identify its own species, not reversible
What is taming?
Animal becoming socialized to humans over time, lose fear of humans (traps and food), it is imprinted to its own species, may still be releasable
What are some considerations for transporting wild animals?
Injury, stress, sights, smells, transporter safety, clean-up
Adult birds: pet carriers for larger birds, no wire cages, boxes appropriate for smaller birds, tape boxes closed!
Baby birds: heat source, nesting materials, security
Adults: Wire cages or live traps
Babies: Pet carriers, boxes for smaller animals, heat source
Legless: pillowcase, lidded container
Legged: Boxes or buckets, no water for aquatic turtles
What is the order of raptors defenses
Talons, wings, beak
Block visual escape routes, control the talons first, then the wings and head,
Basics of raptor care
Caging: Solid sides, perching, protect feathers
Feeding: Natural prey, prepared prey for less able birds
Stages of songbird development (stage, age, characteristics)
Hatchling: 0-4 days, eyes closed, naked, needs 80-90F
Nestling: 5-10 days, eyes open, partially feathered, vocalize for feeding, needs 80-85F
Fledgling: 11-14 days, most feathers are in, able to thermoregulate, attempts to fly and can leave nest
Juvenile: Full grown, defensive
Adult: Sexually mature
How are some ways to identify what wildlife bird you have?
Mouth color, gape flange color, beak, skin and down color, vocalizations, location found, body size
Basics of baby songbird care
Hatchlings: q 10-20 min from 6 am-10 pm
Nestlings: q 20-30 min from 6am-10pm
Fledglings: q 20-30 min from 7am-10 pm
Juveniles: q2h from 7am-9pm
Remove spilled food from skin or feathers right away