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Flashcards in Week Seven: Wildlife Rehabilitation Deck (22)
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1

What is wildlife rehabilitation?

Rescuing, raising, and treating orphaned, diseased, displaced, and injured animals

2

What is required to keep or possess in captivity any sick, orphaned, or injured mirgratory birds?

Wildlife rehabilitation permit (federal permit)

3

What is the difference between stabilization and rehabilitation?

Stabilization: you stabilize them until rehab
Rehab: this is rehabilitation

YES these are my definitions :)

4

Baby birds
GO!

Place birds back in nest if possible, use a surrogate nest if not possible

5

Baby squirrels, rabbits, raccoons, and fawns
GO!

Do not move them unless you can confirm that the mother is not returning over night

6

Baby opossums
GO!

If they fall off/out of the pouch they may be abandoned and are worth calling in about
Mom is horrible at being a mother and is a little flaky

7

Release criteria
GO

If injury or disease is one that means animal would not be able to function in wild after release, it is likely euthanized

8

Who are the rules and guidelines for the release criteria in wildlife set by?

USFWS Rehabilitation Regulations

9

What are some examples of situations where euthanasia is very likely in wildlife animals?

Injuries that mean limited mobility, complete loss of sight or hearing, impared vision OU, amputation of wings/legs, imprinting, animal is a rabies vector species, animals with skull/jaw injury that causes malocclusions

10

What is imprinting?

How an animal learns to identify its own species, not reversible

11

What is taming?

Animal becoming socialized to humans over time, lose fear of humans (traps and food), it is imprinted to its own species, may still be releasable

12

What are some considerations for transporting wild animals?

Injury, stress, sights, smells, transporter safety, clean-up

13

Transporting birds
GO

Adult birds: pet carriers for larger birds, no wire cages, boxes appropriate for smaller birds, tape boxes closed!

Baby birds: heat source, nesting materials, security

14

Transporting mammals
GO

Adults: Wire cages or live traps
Babies: Pet carriers, boxes for smaller animals, heat source

15

Transporting reptiles
GO

Legless: pillowcase, lidded container
Legged: Boxes or buckets, no water for aquatic turtles

16

What is the order of raptors defenses

Talons, wings, beak

17

Handling raptors
GO

Block visual escape routes, control the talons first, then the wings and head,

18

Basics of raptor care
GO

Caging: Solid sides, perching, protect feathers
Feeding: Natural prey, prepared prey for less able birds

19

Stages of songbird development (stage, age, characteristics)

Hatchling: 0-4 days, eyes closed, naked, needs 80-90F
Nestling: 5-10 days, eyes open, partially feathered, vocalize for feeding, needs 80-85F
Fledgling: 11-14 days, most feathers are in, able to thermoregulate, attempts to fly and can leave nest
Juvenile: Full grown, defensive
Adult: Sexually mature

20

How are some ways to identify what wildlife bird you have?

Mouth color, gape flange color, beak, skin and down color, vocalizations, location found, body size

21

Basics of baby songbird care
GO

Hatchlings: q 10-20 min from 6 am-10 pm
Nestlings: q 20-30 min from 6am-10pm
Fledglings: q 20-30 min from 7am-10 pm
Juveniles: q2h from 7am-9pm
Remove spilled food from skin or feathers right away

22

Order of needs in mammals

Warmth, hydration, food