Week Two: Avian Nursing Part 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week Two: Avian Nursing Part 1 Deck (44):
1

What is the purpose of primary feathers?

Feathers for flying. "Flight feathers"

2

What are the only feathers we trim on a bird?

Primary feathers

3

What are secondary feathers?

Flight feathers along the radius and ulna

4

Where are contour feathers found?

Along the body

5

What are down feathers and what are the two types?

Fluffy feathers; oil or powder

6

What are the main parts of a feather?

Rachis (hard spine), barbs (feathery big parts that stick out), and barbules (soft feathery small parts)

7

What is the difference between the pterylae area and the apterylae areas?

Pterylae- feathered places
Apterylae- spots that do not have feathers (like around eyes and beak)

8

What is the keel?

The breastbone on flight birds

9

What are some examples of fused bones on birds?

Synsacrum and pygostyle

10

Where is the synsacrum found? Where is the pygostyle found?

Synsacrum- around pelvis area
Pygostyle- fused coccygeal area; tail area

11

What are the hollow bones on a bird called and where are they found?

Pneumatic bones; femur and humerous

12

What is the difference between cere and operculum?

Cere- around the nares
Operculum- flappy thing over the nares

13

What is different about birds' tracheal rings?

The are complete rings

14

What is different about avian's breathing mechanisms?

They have no diaghragm

15

What is a syrinx?

Voicebox of avians

16

What do air sacs hold? (be specific, don't just say air!)

Warm air

17

Why is an understanding of the renal portal system important when dealing with drugs in avians?

If we give drugs on the bottom half of an avians body, the drug will go through the kidneys before it reaches the heart

18

What is the difference between urine and urates?

Urine- urine
Urates- Whity, chalky pee

19

What is the coelomic cavity?

Thoracic and abdomen cavity of avians (both together)

20

What is the crop?

Pouch in the avian's esophagus that has food in it

21

What is the proventriculus of an avian?

the narrow glandular first region of a bird's stomach between the crop and the gizzard

22

What is the ventriculus of an avian?

Gizzard, grinding of the food happens here

23

Male avian sex organs are _____

Internal

24

How do you determine the sex of an avian?

Visual, surgical (using an endoscope), or blood tests

25

Avian's RBCs are _____

Nucleated

26

What does polychromasia mean?

Many colors

27

Heterophils are equivalent to what?

Neutrophils

28

What are thrombocytes?

Nucleated platelets

29

What is the difference between molting and preening?

Molting- new feathers coming in
Preening- fixing feathers

30

What are some normal parrot behaviors?

Bathing and preening, playing, sleeping, regurgitation if they like you, pinning (flashing), shivering and fluffing, vocalizing

31

What is pinning/flashing?

Pupil changes size rapidly

32

What are some abnormal parrot behaviors?

Feather destruction, sitting on the cage floor, fluffed feathers, regurgitation and vomiting, sudden friendliness, no poop, mouth breathing, falling

33

What are some normal cockatoo behaviors?

Biting (they find it funny), talking, being curious/destructive

34

What are some common breeds of cockatoos?

Umbrella, Moluccan, Rose-breasted, Sulphur-crested, Goffin's

35

What are some normal behaviors for Budgerigar's?

Very social with other birds, preening, food sharing, being flighty around humans

36

What is some normal traits of Eclectus?

Sexually dimorphic (males are green, calmer, and less aggressive while females are red and mean like in real life), generally quieter and less active

37

What are some traits of cockatiels?

Sweet, feisty, social, vocal (good at whistling and singing)

38

What are some traits of African Greys?

Extremely intelligent, they don't have a preen gland which means they have powdered downs, great vocalizers, cautious, prone to feather destruction under stress or boredom, dusty

39

What are some common species of African Greys?

Congo (black beaks and bright red tails), Timneh

40

What are some traits of lovebirds?

Likely to whistle or sing, more people-friendly when housed alone, protective of cage mates

41

What are some traits of Macaws?

Largest of the commonly owned parrots, loudest birds, active and vocal, can learn words, stress leads to feather plucking, LARGE amounts of poop, very strong beaks

42

What are some traits of Conure?

Smaller parrots, active and vocal, very close with owners but can nip and bite

43

What are some common species of Conure?

Sun, Green-cheeked

44

What are some traits of Amazons?

Big-bodied (chubs), good talkers, need interaction and toys