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Flashcards in Week Three: Reptile Nursing Deck (65)
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1

What are chromatophores?

Scales that change color

2

What are chelonian scutes?

Scales on shells

3

What is the difference between snakes and legless lizards?

Snakes don't have eyelids and legless lizards do.

4

Where are plastron bones on a chelonian?

Chest/bottom part of shell

5

Where are carapace bones on a chelonian?

On their back, big part of shell

6

What is tail autonomy?

Purposely detaching tail, may grow back

7

Where is the heart located in a snake that lives in a terrestrial/arboreal environment?
A marine/aquatic environment?

Closer to head
Closer towards center of body

8

Which lung is dominant in a snake?

Right

9

Where are the lungs in a chelonian?

In the carapace

10

What is the difference between oviparous and viviparous?

Oviparous: lay eggs
Viviparous: Carry babies inside with eggs, then when eggs hatch babies come out

11

What is the man part called on a reptile?

Hemipenes

12

Reptiles usually have eyelids and a nictating membrane, snakes do not. Instead they have...

Spectacle scale

13

What is the parietal (third) eye in some species for?

It is a light sensor, used to regulate day/night

14

What is Vomeronasal (Jacobson's) organ?

Smell sensor in the roof of the mouth

15

What is the difference between a turtle and a tortoise?

Turtle: aquatic
Tortoise: terrestorian

16

Bearded Dragon

Lizard, Pogona (species)
Less than 2 ft long, do best in dry, land setups, 68-86F, omnivore

17

Boa

Snake
Common- Boa constrictor: up to 10 ft.
Rosy- Lichanura trivirgata: up to 3 ft

18

Box Turtle

Tortoise

19

Chameleon

Lizard; Veiled (Chamaeleo calyptratus), Jackson's (Ch. jacksonii), Panther (Ch. Pardalis)

20

What does a Jackson's chameleon look like?

Has horns

21

Colubrid

Snake
King snake (Lampropeltis getula)
Corn snake (Elaphe guttata)
Rat snake (Elaphe obsolete)
Milk snake (Lampropeltis trangulum)
Garter snake (Thamnophis spp.)

22

Gecko

Lizard
Day (Phelsuma spp.)
Leaf-tailed (Uroplatus spp.)
Leopard (Eublepharis macularius)

Tail autonomy

23

Iguana

Lizard
Green iguana (Iguana iguana)
Sizes over 6 ft., herbivore, can be very aggressive, tail autonomy

24

Monitor

Lizard
Nile (Varanus niloticus)
Savannah (V. exanthematicus)
Terrestrial carnivores, aggressive

25

Painted/Slider

Turtle
Most common water turtles kept as pets

26

Python

Snake
Ball (Python requis) or royals up to 5 ft.
Burmese (P. molarus bivattatus) up to 20 ft.
Green tree (Morelia chondrophython viridis) up to 6 ft.

27

Skink

Lizard
Blue tongue (Tiliqua spp.)
Omnivore

28

Sulcata

Tortoise
AKA African spurred, males exceed 100 lb

29

Tegu

Lizard
Tupinambis spp., large, primarily carnivores, may be aggressive

30

Uromastyx

Lizard
Desert, land lizards, omnivores