Flashcards in Week Three: Reptile Nursing Deck (65)
What are chromatophores?
Scales that change color
What are chelonian scutes?
Scales on shells
What is the difference between snakes and legless lizards?
Snakes don't have eyelids and legless lizards do.
Where are plastron bones on a chelonian?
Chest/bottom part of shell
Where are carapace bones on a chelonian?
On their back, big part of shell
What is tail autonomy?
Purposely detaching tail, may grow back
Where is the heart located in a snake that lives in a terrestrial/arboreal environment?
A marine/aquatic environment?
Closer to head
Closer towards center of body
Which lung is dominant in a snake?
Where are the lungs in a chelonian?
In the carapace
What is the difference between oviparous and viviparous?
Oviparous: lay eggs
Viviparous: Carry babies inside with eggs, then when eggs hatch babies come out
What is the man part called on a reptile?
Reptiles usually have eyelids and a nictating membrane, snakes do not. Instead they have...
What is the parietal (third) eye in some species for?
It is a light sensor, used to regulate day/night
What is Vomeronasal (Jacobson's) organ?
Smell sensor in the roof of the mouth
What is the difference between a turtle and a tortoise?
Lizard, Pogona (species)
Less than 2 ft long, do best in dry, land setups, 68-86F, omnivore
Common- Boa constrictor: up to 10 ft.
Rosy- Lichanura trivirgata: up to 3 ft
Lizard; Veiled (Chamaeleo calyptratus), Jackson's (Ch. jacksonii), Panther (Ch. Pardalis)
What does a Jackson's chameleon look like?
King snake (Lampropeltis getula)
Corn snake (Elaphe guttata)
Rat snake (Elaphe obsolete)
Milk snake (Lampropeltis trangulum)
Garter snake (Thamnophis spp.)
Day (Phelsuma spp.)
Leaf-tailed (Uroplatus spp.)
Leopard (Eublepharis macularius)
Green iguana (Iguana iguana)
Sizes over 6 ft., herbivore, can be very aggressive, tail autonomy
Nile (Varanus niloticus)
Savannah (V. exanthematicus)
Terrestrial carnivores, aggressive
Most common water turtles kept as pets
Ball (Python requis) or royals up to 5 ft.
Burmese (P. molarus bivattatus) up to 20 ft.
Green tree (Morelia chondrophython viridis) up to 6 ft.
Blue tongue (Tiliqua spp.)
AKA African spurred, males exceed 100 lb
Tupinambis spp., large, primarily carnivores, may be aggressive