Witrak final buzzwords Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Witrak final buzzwords Deck (59):
1

chronic pulmonary parenchymal disease

cor pulmonale

isolated RIGHT sided hypertensive heart disease

2

Most RV HF due to:

LV failure

3

primary adult cardiac tumor

atrial myxoma

4

primary child cardiac tumor

rhabdomyoma

5

if BNP

heart failure not likely

6

commonest acquired valvular disease in developed countries

Calcified aortic stenosis

7

congenital acceleration of aortic stenosis

bicuspid valve

8

systolic click

mitral valve prolapse

9

demographic for mild MV prolapse

young women

10

prosthetic heart valve infectious endocarditis (bug)

Staph epidermidis (coag negative)

11

sudden death in young athletes

hypertrophic cardiomyopathy

12

hemochromotosis

dilated (usually) cardiomyopathy

13

restrictive cardiomyopathy

CONGO RED positive

amyloidosis

14

USA- Coxackie B, adenovirus

Developing countries- Chagas disease

Myocarditis --> cardiomyopathy

15

ACUTE HF post-viral infx

common HF cause in children

myocarditis

16

most likely cause of FATAL tamponade

retrograde aortic dissection

ruptured AMI

penetrating chest wound

17

major causes of pericarditis in developing countries

HIV

TB

**developed countries- Coxackie, echo, EBV, CMV, influenza, varicella, rubella, HIV, hep B...

18

granulomatous pericarditis

TB

19

newborn cyanosis

right to left shunts

-tetralogy of fallot
-transposition of great arteries
-truncus arteriosis

20

left to right shunt reverses to right to left

Eisenmenger syndrome

21

Rx to keep ductus arteriosus patent:

PGE1

22

sudden cardiac death in adults

atherosclerotic CAD

cardiomyopathy

85%

23

sudden cardiac death in children

myocarditis

coronary artery anomalies

24

sudden cardiac death with negative forensic autopsy

think (3 things)

ion channel disorders:

long QT syndrome

Brugada syndrome

Catecholaminergic polymorphic V tach

25

commonest medium/large artery vascular disease

atherosclerosis

26

non-bypassable disease in microvasculature

arteriolosclerosis

***think HTN, DIABETES

27

Type A aortic dissection

ascending +/- distal aorta

28

Type B aortic dissection

descending and/or aortic arch

29

risks for aortic dissection

HTN

inherited CT disorder (ie. Marfan's)

30

middle age/ elderly vasculitis

risk of vision loss

Temporal (Giant cell) arteritis

31

c-ANCA

anti-PR3

Wegner's

32

anti-GBM

Goodpasture's

33

asthma

anti-MPO (myeloperoxidase)

Churg-Strauss

34

DDx: pulmonary hemorrhage + glomerulonephritis

Wegner's/ microscopic polyangiitis

Goodpasture's

SLE

35

pANCA

microscopic polyangiitis

36

distal extremity arteritis in HEAVY SMOKERS

Buerger's Disease

37

HHV-8 associated malignant vascular proliferation

Kaposi's sarcoma

38

hyperplastic arteriolosclerosis

fibrinoid necrosis

lumen narrowing

malignant HTN (> 180 sys or 120 dias)

39

commonest cause of secondary HTN

renal disease

40

renovascular artery sclerosis in young-middle aged women

think:

fibromuscular dysplasia

41

"string of beads"

fibromuscular dysplasia

42

increased plasma aldosterone/renin ratio

Hypokalemia

secondary HTN

primary aldosteronism

43

paroxysmal HTN

HA

palpitations

diaphoresis

Pheochromocytoma

44

HTN

Turner syndrome

coarctation of the aorta

45

sequelae of chronic HTN

systemic atherosclerosis

thoracic aortic aneurysm

aortic dissection

46

magnifier of vascular morbidity

Diabetes

47

typical patients with Calciphylaxis

uremic (ESRD)

48

vasculitis in children

Kawasaki's

Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP)

49

palpable purpura

vasculitis

50

hep B

polyarteritis nodosa

51

hypersensitivity vasculitis

HSP

drug related

52

cryoglobulinemic vasculitis

hep C

53

young women

aortic arch vasculitis

pulseless disease

granulomatous

Takayasu's arteritis

54

polymyalgia rheumatica

Giant cell (temporal arteritis)

55

neutrophilic vasculitis

polyarteritis nodosa

56

Kawasaki's mimics presentation of _________ in children

viral infx

57

Only reason to give ASA to kids?

Kawasaki's

58

IgA deposition in patients

HSP

henoch schonlein purpura

59

potentially fatal venous varicosities

cirrhosis

esophageal varices