WSET Level 2 Sparkling, Sweet & Fortified Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in WSET Level 2 Sparkling, Sweet & Fortified Deck (71)
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31

What are the ways to get a sweet wine

#NAME?

32

interrupted fermentation

the yeasts are stopped before they have finished converting all the sugar to alcohol = sweet wine

33

how to interrupt fermentation

filter yeasts, poison yeast with SO2 or alcohol

34

fortify

add alcohol ; most common to interrupt fermentation, results in sweet wine ; used in Ports

35

Vins Doux Naturels

Muscat de Beaumes de Venise

36

Moscatel de Valencia

inexpensive full bodied, sweet fortified Muscat wine from Valencia, Spain

37

Muscat de Beaumes de Venise

Muscat grape, Rhône France

38

Rutherglen Muscat

Australia, Muscat grape

39

2nd Method for sweet wines

add a sweet component to the blend

40

3rd method for sweet wines

concentrate grape sugars

41

Methods for grape sugar concentration

Drying

42

Sauternes

Botrytis ; Semillon & Sauvignon Blanc

43

Tokaji

Botrytis; Local grape varieties

44

BA (Beerenauslese) & TBA (Trockenbeerenauslese)

Botrytis: Germany (Riesling); Austria (Various)

45

Botrytis Semillon

Australia

46

Icewine/Eiswein

Germany (Riesling); Canada & Austria (various grapes)

47

Recioto

Italian sweet wine made by drying the grapes

48

Puttonyos

in Tokaji

49

harvesting grapes with noble rot requires ___ passes

several

50

what is Sherry?

a dry, medium sweet or sweet fortified wine

51

what is the base wine of Sherry?

a neutral, low acid, white wine from Palomino grapes

52

what is added to Sherry before aging?

alcohol is added to fortify (grape spirit)

53

what is the Sherry aging process called?

solera aging

54

describe the solera system

younger & older wines are blended continually as they age

55

the solera system ensures _____

a consistent style of mature wine

56

where to the majority of flavors in sherry come from?

the solera system

57

Syles of Sherry

-Pedro Ximénez

58

(PX) Pedro Ximénez Sherry

intensely sweet Sherry

59

Fino & Manzanilla Sherry

pale color

60

what does Flor yeast do?

layer of flor protects wine from air/oxidation in the solera system