Flashcards in Year 2 research methods Deck (74)

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1

## What must a psychology report include?

### Title, abstract, introduction, procedure, results, discussion, references and appendices

2

## What is the title?

### Must be concise, clear, gives the reader an idea of the investigations concerns

3

## what is the abstract?

### a brief summary of the investigation , written last, appears at the front

4

## what must be included in the abstract?

###
a one sentence summary

description of participants and sampling technique

description of procedure

description of results

conclusion

5

## what is the introduction?

###
a literature review of the general area of investigation

relevant theories, concepts and studies

logical progression - become more specific until aim and hypnosis are presented

6

## What is the method?

###
Four sub-sections

design and overview

participants and investigators

apparatus

procedure

7

## What is included in the design and overview?

###
research method used and why

research design use and justified

state iv and dv

any other variables controlled

how you delay with ethical issues

8

## what is included in participants and investigators

###
who and how were they selected

sampling procedure

the investigator

number of participants

how they were allocated into groups

9

## what is included in the apparatus and materials

### a list of everything used

10

## what is included in the procedure?

###
exactly what you did from start to finish

any pilot studies

refer to appendices for standardised instructions, debrief, copies of materials

a verbatim of everything said to participants

11

## what is included in the results?

###
summarise key findings

summary table

fully labelled graph

do not include raw data

12

## what is included in inferential statistics ?

###
were the results statistically significant?

is it possible to reject null hypothesis?

statistical test must be fully justified

13

## what is included in the discussion ?

###
state findings in psychological terms, relating to aims and hypothesis

state whether findings support those of your background study

compare findings to existing research

14

## what is included in the discussion of limitations and modifications ?

###
critical look at research

strengths of study

weaknesses of research

look at confounding variables that could have affected the results

suggest modifications

15

## what is included in the discussion: implications and suggestions for further research?

###
suggest ideas for further research

real world applications and implications

16

## What is included in references ?

###
background study

any internet resources

in alphabetical order

17

## what is included in the appendices ?

###
raw data

calculations

stimulus materials

standardised instructions

debrief

18

## what are descriptive statistics?

###
can not tell us whether the results are significant or not

measures of central tendency

measures of dispersion

graphs and tables

19

## what are inferential statistics ?

###
refers to use of statistical tests which tell us whether the relationship found is significantly signficant or not

helps decide which hypothesis to accept and which to reject

20

## what is probability ?

### how likely the results are due to chance factors

21

## what is the level of probability used by psychologists?

###
5%

0.05

22

## what is a null hypothesis ?

### any difference between the two conditions is caused by chance

23

## what is a type one error?

###
occurs when a null hypnosis is rejected when it is in fact true

overly optimistic

more likely to occur when a less stringent level of significance is applied

24

## what is a type two error?

###
occurs when a null hypothesis is retained when it is in fact false

pessimistic

more likely to occur when a more stringent level of significance is applied

25

## When do you used a Chi squared test?

###
when it is a test of difference

unrelated data

nominal data

26

## when do you use a sign test?

###
test of difference

related data

nominal data

27

## when do you use a chi squared test (2)

###
test of correlation/ relationship

nominal

28

## when do you use Mann-Whitney test?

###
test of difference

unrelated data

ordinal

29

## When do you use a Wilcoxon test?

###
test of difference

related data

ordinal

30