Year 2 research methods Flashcards Preview

AQA A-Level Psychology Year 2 > Year 2 research methods > Flashcards

Flashcards in Year 2 research methods Deck (74)
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1

What must a psychology report include?

Title, abstract, introduction, procedure, results, discussion, references and appendices

2

What is the title?

Must be concise, clear, gives the reader an idea of the investigations concerns

3

what is the abstract?

a brief summary of the investigation , written last, appears at the front

4

what must be included in the abstract?

a one sentence summary
description of participants and sampling technique
description of procedure
description of results
conclusion

5

what is the introduction?

a literature review of the general area of investigation
relevant theories, concepts and studies
logical progression - become more specific until aim and hypnosis are presented

6

What is the method?

Four sub-sections
design and overview
participants and investigators
apparatus
procedure

7

What is included in the design and overview?

research method used and why
research design use and justified
state iv and dv
any other variables controlled
how you delay with ethical issues

8

what is included in participants and investigators

who and how were they selected
sampling procedure
the investigator
number of participants
how they were allocated into groups

9

what is included in the apparatus and materials

a list of everything used

10

what is included in the procedure?

exactly what you did from start to finish
any pilot studies
refer to appendices for standardised instructions, debrief, copies of materials
a verbatim of everything said to participants

11

what is included in the results?

summarise key findings
summary table
fully labelled graph
do not include raw data

12

what is included in inferential statistics ?

were the results statistically significant?
is it possible to reject null hypothesis?
statistical test must be fully justified

13

what is included in the discussion ?

state findings in psychological terms, relating to aims and hypothesis
state whether findings support those of your background study

compare findings to existing research

14

what is included in the discussion of limitations and modifications ?

critical look at research
strengths of study
weaknesses of research
look at confounding variables that could have affected the results
suggest modifications

15

what is included in the discussion: implications and suggestions for further research?

suggest ideas for further research
real world applications and implications

16

What is included in references ?

background study
any internet resources
in alphabetical order

17

what is included in the appendices ?

raw data
calculations
stimulus materials
standardised instructions
debrief

18

what are descriptive statistics?

can not tell us whether the results are significant or not
measures of central tendency
measures of dispersion
graphs and tables

19

what are inferential statistics ?

refers to use of statistical tests which tell us whether the relationship found is significantly signficant or not

helps decide which hypothesis to accept and which to reject

20

what is probability ?

how likely the results are due to chance factors

21

what is the level of probability used by psychologists?

5%

0.05

22

what is a null hypothesis ?

any difference between the two conditions is caused by chance

23

what is a type one error?

occurs when a null hypnosis is rejected when it is in fact true

overly optimistic

more likely to occur when a less stringent level of significance is applied

24

what is a type two error?

occurs when a null hypothesis is retained when it is in fact false

pessimistic

more likely to occur when a more stringent level of significance is applied

25

When do you used a Chi squared test?

when it is a test of difference

unrelated data

nominal data

26

when do you use a sign test?

test of difference

related data

nominal data

27

when do you use a chi squared test (2)

test of correlation/ relationship

nominal

28

when do you use Mann-Whitney test?

test of difference

unrelated data

ordinal

29

When do you use a Wilcoxon test?

test of difference

related data

ordinal

30

when do you use Spearman’s Rho test?

test of correlation

ordinal