Flashcards in 0207 - Intro to Anatomy - EG Deck (24):
Describe the anatomical position.
Standing erect, looking forward, palms of hands facing forward with thumbs positioned outward.
How does the coronal plane cut?
into anterior/posterior (front and back)
How does the sagittal plane cut?
into left and right
How does the transvers plane cut?
into superior/inferior (top and bottom)
List the 9 regions of the body.
(L to R)
Upper 1/3: right hypochondriac, epigastric, left hypochondriac; Middle 1/3: right lumbar, umbilical, left umbilical; Lower 1/3: right iliac, hypogastric, left iliac.
Where is the coxal region?
at the hip
where is the popliteal region?
behind the knee
where is the antecubital region?
on the inner elbow.
give an example of a short bone.
give an example of a long bone.
give an example of a flat bone.
give an example of an irregular bone.
List some of the bones of the appendicular skeleton
clavicle, scapula, humerus, ulna, radius, carpals, metacarpals, phalanges, hips, femur, patella, tibia, fibula, tarsals, metatarsals.
What is a synarthrosis?
A joint that links a bone to a bone offering no movement, ie sutures between the bones of the skull.
What is an amphiarthrosis?
a cartilaginous connection between bones that offers only minimal movement, such as the symphysis of pubis.
What is a diarthrosis?
a joint that allows movement, involves a synovial capsule and articular cartilage, ligaments etc.
What are 6 types of synovial joints?
plane, hinge, saddle, condyloid, ball and socket, pivot.
Describe a planar joint.
allows only uniaxial movement for gliding. E.g. between clavicle and scapula.
Describe a hinge joint.
allows only uniaxial movement for flexion and extension. E.g. between elbow, knee.
Describe a saddle joint.
allows biaxial movement to flex, extend, adduct and abduct.
Describe a condyloid joint.
allows biaxial movement. (flex/extend, adduct/abduct)
Describe a pivot joint.
allows uniaxial movement as lateral rotation, e.g. the C2 dens process with C1.
Describe a ball and socket
multiaxial, circumduction with flexion, extension, adduction and abduction.