04 The Atlantic World, 1492-1800 Flashcards Preview

KICS W2 > 04 The Atlantic World, 1492-1800 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 04 The Atlantic World, 1492-1800 Deck (26):
1

Christopher Columbus

Italian explorer who landed in the Americas for Spain

2

colony

land controlled by another nation

3

Hernando Cortés

conquistador who defeated the Aztec

4

conquistadors

Spanish explorers in the Americas

5

Francisco Pizarro

conquistador who defeated the Inca

6

Atahualpa

last Incan emperor

7

mestizo

person with mixed Spanish and Native American blood

8

encomienda

system of mining and farming using natives as slave labor

9

Aztec Empire

great empire in the valley of Mexico that had strong religious beliefs and a powerful army

10

Inca Empire

largest empire ever in the Americas, located in the Andes

11

New France

area of the Americas explored and claimed by France

12

Jamestown

first permanent English settlement in America

13

Pilgrims

group of English people who founded a colony in Plymouth

14

Puritans

people who did not agree with the practices of the Church of England

15

New Netherland

Dutch colony begun in present-day New York City

16

French and Indian War

war between Britain and France over land in North America

17

Metacom

Native American leader who led an attack on the villages of Massachusetts; also called King Philip

18

Atlantic slave trade

buying and selling of Africans for work in the Americas

19

triangular trade

European trade between the Americas, Africa, and Europe involving slaves and other goods

20

middle passage

voyage that brought captured Africans to the West Indies and the Americas

21

Columbian Exchange

global transfer of foods, plants, and animals during the colonization of the Americas

22

capitalism

economic system based on private ownership and the investment of wealth for profit

23

joint-stock company

company in which people pooled their wealth for a common purpose

24

mercantilism

economic policy of increasing wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and selling more goods than are bought

25

favorable balance of trade

condition resulting from selling more goods than are bought

26

imported

brought into one country from another