14 Revolution and Nationalism, 1900–1939 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 14 Revolution and Nationalism, 1900–1939 Deck (24):
1

proletariat

the workers

2

Bolsheviks

group of Marxist revolutionaries led by Lenin

3

Rasputin

eccentric monk assassinated because of his corrupt influence on the Russian royal family

4

provisional government

temporary government led by Alexander Kerensky

5

soviet

local governing council

6

Communist Party

a political party practicing the ideas of Karl Marx and Vladimir Lenin

7

Joseph Stalin

revolutionary leader who took control of the Communist Party after Lenin

8

totalitarianism

government that has total control over people's lives

9

Great Purge

arrest, exile, or killing of thousands of suspected enemies of the Communist Party

10

command economy

economy in which the government makes all of the economic decisions

11

Five-Year Plans

plans to develop the Soviet Union's economy

12

collective farm

large, government-owned farm

13

Sun Yixian

one of the first leaders of the Kuomintang; "father of modern China"

14

Kuomintang

Nationalist Party of China that overthrew the Qing Dynasty

15

May Fourth Movement

Chinese nationalist protest against China's fate as decided by the Treaty of Versailles

16

Mao Zedong

leader of the Communist revolution in China

17

Jiang Jieshi

leader of the Chinese Nationalist Party

18

Long March

escape of the Communists to safety after being surrounded by Nationalist forces

19

Rowlatt Acts

laws to prevent Indians from protesting British actions

20

Amritsar Massacre

the slaughter of Indians by the British

21

Mohandas K. Gandhi

leader of the movement for Indian independence from Britain

22

civil disobedience

disobeying the law for the purpose of achieving some higher goal

23

Salt March

a protest of the British salt tax; led by Gandhi who led people to the sea to make salt

24

Mustafa Kemal

leader of Turkish nationalists who overthrew the last Ottoman sultan