16 World War II, 1939–1945 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 16 World War II, 1939–1945 Deck (36):
1

nonaggression pact

agreement between countries to not attack or invade each other

2

blitzkrieg

warfare in which surprise air attacks are followed by massive land attacks

3

Charles de Gaulle

leader of the French government-in-exile

4

Winston Churchill

leader of Britain

5

Battle of Britain

battle of British and German air forces fought over Britain during 1940-41

6

Dunkirk

city from which 300,000 trapped Allied troops were rescued by sea

7

Erwin Rommel

German general who led troops in North Africa; the "Desert Fox"

8

Atlantic Charter

declaration of principles issued by Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1941

9

Finland

country that resisted annexation by Russia

10

Phony War

a lack of actual fighting after Britain and France declared war on Germany

11

Maginot Line

fortifications along France's border with Germany

12

Belgium

country through which Germany invaded France

13

Luftwaffe

German air force

14

Enigma

decoding machine for encrypted German messages

15

Operation Barbarossa

German invasion of Russia

16

Isoroku Yamamoto

Japanese admiral who decided that the US fleet at Pearl Harbor had to be destroyed

17

Pearl Harbor

US Navy base in Hawaii

18

Battle of Midway

sea and air battle in which American forces defeated Japanese forces near Midway Island in the Pacific

19

Douglas MacArthur

US general who commanded Allied forces in the Pacific

20

Battle of Guadalcanal

six-month island battle in which American and Australian troops defeated Japanese defenders

21

Aryans

a person of Caucasian race not of Jewish descent

22

Holocaust

systematic mass killings of Jews and other groups considered inferior by Nazis

23

Kristallnacht

Night of Broken Glass, when Nazis attacked Jews throughout Germany

24

ghetto

neighborhoods in which European Jews were forced to live

25

Final Solution

Hitler's plan to kill as many Jews as possible

26

genocide

systematic killing of an entire people group

27

SS

Hitler's elite security force

28

Auschwitz

the largest of the extermination camps

29

Dwight D. Eisenhower

US general who helped drive the Germans out of Africa

30

Battle of Stalingrad

battle during which the Red Army forced the Germans out of this city named after their leader

31

D-Day

huge Allied invasion mounted to retake France from the Germans

32

Battle of the Bulge

final large-scale attack by German troops that was forced back by the Allies

33

kamikaze

Japanese suicide pilots

34

Nuremburg Trials

where Nazi leaders were tried for crimes against humanity

35

demilitarization

process of breaking down armed forces

36

democritization

process of creating a government elected by the people