13 The Great War, 1914-1918 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 13 The Great War, 1914-1918 Deck (36):
1

militarism

a policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war

2

Triple Alliance

a military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy in the years preceding World War I

3

Kaiser Wilhelm II

emperor of Germany from 1888-1918

4

Triple Entente

a military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in the years preceding World War I

5

nationalism

the belief that people should be loyal main- ly to their nation—that is, to the people with whom they share a culture and history—rather than to a king or empire

6

imperialism

a policy in which a strong nation seeks to dominate other countries politically, economically, or socially

7

Franz Ferdinand

archduke of Austria-Hungary and heir to the throne

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1914

the year WWI started

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1918

the year WWI ended

10

1917

the year the US joined WWI

11

1919

the year the Treaty of Versailles (WWI) was signed

12

Central Powers

in World War I, the nations of Germany and Austria-Hungary, along with the other nations that fought on their side

13

Allies

in World War I, the nations of Great Britain, France, and Russia, along with the other nations that fought on their side

14

Western Front

in World War I, the region of northern France where the forces of the Allies and the Central Powers battled each other

15

Schlieffen Plan

Germany’s military plan at the outbreak of World War I, according to which German troops would rapidly defeat France and then move east to attack Russia

16

trench warfare

a form of warfare in which opposing armies fight each other from trenches dug in the battlefield

17

Eastern Front

in World War I, the region along the German-Russian border where Russians and Serbs battled Germans, Austrians, and Turks

18

No Man's Land

the area between trench lines that meant almost certain death for those fighting there

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unrestricted submarine warfare

the use of submarines to sink without warning any ship (including neutral ships and unarmed passenger liners) found in an enemy’s waters

20

total war

a conflict in which the participating countries devote all their resources to the war effort

21

rationing

the limiting of the amounts of goods people can buy—often imposed by governments during wartime, when goods are in short supply

22

propaganda

information or material spread to advance a cause or to damage an opponent’s cause

23

armistice

an agreement to stop fighting

24

Arthur Zimmermann

German foreign secretary who sent a telegram to Mexico to persuade them to join the Central Powers

25

Woodrow Wilson

President who proposed the Fourteen Points and represented the US at Versailles following WWI

26

Georges Clemenceau

France's premier and delegate at Versailles following WWI

27

Fourteen Points

a series of proposals outlining a plan for achieving a lasting peace after World War I

28

self-determination

the freedom of a people to decide under what form of government they wish to live

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Treaty of Versailles

the peace treaty signed by Germany and the Allied powers after World War I

30

League of Nations

an international association formed after World War I with the goal of keeping peace among nations

31

reparations

indemnities paid by Germany to the Allies

32

trenches

long, deep holes in the ground dug for protection from enemy fire

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13.1 What were the three forces at work in Europe that helped set the stage for war?

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13.2 What factors contributed to Russia’s war difficulties?

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13.3 What factors helped prompt the United States to join the war for the Allies?

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13.4 What was the goal of Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points?

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